Definitions

sweet cassava

Bánh

Bánh is a Vietnamese term translating loosely as "cake" or "bread." As such, it may, with the addition of qualifying adjectives, refer to a wide variety of distinct cakes, buns, pastries, and other similar food items from Vietnamese cuisine, which may be cooked by steaming, baking, frying, deep-frying, or boiling. In general, anything made from flour can be called bánh.

Bánh may also refer to certain varieties of noodles, such as for example bánh canh or bánh hỏi.

Each variety of bánh is designated by a descriptive word or phrase that follows the word bánh, such as bánh bò (literally "cow cake") or bánh chuối (literally "banana cake").

Bánh that are wrapped in leaves before steaming are called bánh lá (literally "leaf cakes").

The term is derived from the Sino-Vietnamese character (which is pronounced bǐng in Mandarin Chinese).

Varieties

There is a nearly endless variety of named dishes with the prefix bánh. What follows is a list of the most typical traditional varieties of bánh.

Noodles

  • Bánh canh - thick noodle
  • Bánh hỏi photo - extremely thin noodles that are woven into intricate bundles and often topped with chopped scallions and a complementary meat dish
  • Bánh phở - rice noodles

Dumplings

  • Bánh bá trạng (Bak Chang dumplings) - like Chinese zongzi
  • Bánh bao photo - ball-shaped bun filled with pork and/or other ingredients
  • Bánh bột lọc, dumplings
    • Bánh bột lọc trần photo - dumplings with wrappers made of tapioca starch; similar to Chaozhou fun guo
    • Bánh bột lọc lá photo - tiny rice flour dumplings stuffed with shrimp and ground pork and wrapped in a banana leaf; from Hue
  • Bánh cam - deep-fried glutinous rice sesame balls filled with sweetened mung bean paste; from southern Vietnam
  • Bánh ít - small stuffed glutinous rice flour balls
    • Bánh ít trần photo - "naked" small stuffed glutinous rice flour balls
  • Bánh khúc photo - glutinous rice ball
  • Bánh nậm photo - flat rice flour dumpling from Hue stuffed with minced pork and mushroom, and seasoned with pepper and spices; wrapped in a banana leaf
  • Bánh phu thê photo - (literally "husband and wife cake"; a sweet cake made of rice or tapioca flour and gelatin, filled with mung bean paste; also spelled bánh xu xê)
    • Bánh phu thê bột bán (husband and wife cakes made with tapioca pearls)
  • Bánh rán - deep-fried glutinous rice sesame balls filled with sweetened mung bean paste; from northern Vietnam
  • Bánh tẻ, small steamed rice cake wrapped with leaves of some local trees into a long, thin cylindrical shape, and boiled thoroughly.

Pancakes

  • Bánh bèo photo - small steamed savory rice cakes
  • Bánh căn photo - a southern specialty consisting of small pancakes made with quail eggs, cooked in small clay pans
  • Bánh đúc, rice cake or corn cake eaten as a dessert or savory meal photo
  • Bánh rế - deep-fried pancake
  • Bánh khọt photo - a southern specialty consisting of small, fried rice flour pancakes
  • Bánh xèo - coconut milk-flavored crepes

Rolls

  • Bánh cuốn - steamed rice roll
  • Bánh tôm - shrimp patties
    • Bánh tôm Hồ Tây photo - a shrimp patty specialty originating from the area around West Lake (Hồ Tây), Hanoi

Rice paper

Sandwiches

Sweet cakes

  • Bánh bò - "cow cake," made from glutinous rice flour and coconut milk, with a honeycomb-like texture
  • Bánh cáy, rectangular-shaped sweet dessert made by roasting and grinding glutinous rice and other ingredients
  • Bánh da lợn - colored steamed layer cake made from tapioca starch, rice flour, coconut milk and/or water, sugar, and other ingredients
  • Bánh đúc, rice cake or corn cake eaten as a dessert or savory meal photo
  • Bánh chuối - banana cake
  • Bánh khoai môn - taro cake
  • Bánh tiêu - hollow doughnuts photo
  • Bánh trung thu - mooncake
  • Bánh khoai mì photo - sweet cassava cake

Dishes for special occasions

  • Bánh chưng - square-shaped steamed glutinous rice dumpling wrapped in a dong leaf (lá dong)
  • Bánh tét - log-shaped cylindrical glutinous rice cake, wrapped in a banana leaf and filled with a meat or vegetarian filling
  • Bánh trôi photo (also called bánh chay; literally "floating cake") - served together with bánh chay

Others

  • Bánh bông hồng photo
  • Bánh bông lan
  • Bánh chay - served together with bánh trôi
  • Bánh cốm
  • Bánh đa
  • Bánh đậu xanh photo
  • Bánh dứa
  • Bánh gai
  • Bánh giầy, also written as bánh dầy
  • Bánh giò
  • Bánh ít lá gai
  • Bánh kẹp
  • Bánh mật
  • Bánh lá dừa
  • Bánh phồng tôm
  • Bánh phục linh
  • Bánh quế
  • Bánh tráng nướng

External links

See also

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