surajah dowlah


Asaf-Ud-Dowlah (23 September 1748-21 September 1797) was the nawab wazir of Oudh from 1775 to 1797, and the son of Shuja-ud-Dowlah, his mother and grandmother being the begums of Oudh, whose spoliation formed one of the chief counts in the charges against Warren Hastings.

Image:MordauntbMartinPolier.jpg|left|thumb|300px|Colonel Mordaunt's cockfight by Johann Zoffany - Here Asaf-Ud-Dowlah is shown at the centre of the painting. Other notables can be identified with a cursor.

rect 367 145 406 198 General Martin - Soldier rect 331 73 355 126 Antoine Louis Polier - Soldier rect 443 114 480 169 Zoffany the painter rect 227 150 278 237 Nawab Wazir of Oudh rect 418 84 444 143 Ozias Humphrey - painter rect 228 281 334 336 cock fighting

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When Shuja-ud-Daulah died he left two million pounds sterling buried in the vaults of the zenana. The widow and mother of the deceased prince claimed the whole of this treasure under the terms of a will which was never produced. When Warren Hastings pressed the nawab for the payment of debt due to the British East India Company, he obtained from his mother a loan of 26 lakh (2.6 million) rupees, for which he gave her a jagir (land) of four times the value; of subsequently obtained 30 lakh (3 million) more in return for a full acquittal, and the recognition of her jagirs without interference for life by the Company. These jagirs were afterwards confiscated on the ground of the begum's complicity in the rising of Chai Singh, which was attested by documentary evidence, as he evidence now available seems to show that Warren Hastings bid his best throughout to rescue the nawab from his own incapacity, and was inclined to be lenient to the begums.

In 1775 he moved the capital of Awadh from Faizabad to Lucknow and built various monuments in and around Lucknow, including the Bara Imambara. He died there on 21 September 1797.


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