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supply route

White Pass and Yukon Route

The White Pass and Yukon Route (WP&Y, WP&YR) is a Canadian and U.S. Class II narrow gauge railroad linking the port of Skagway, Alaska with Whitehorse, the capital of Canada's Yukon Territory. An isolated system, it has no direct connection to any other railroad. Equipment, freight and passengers are ferried by ship through the Port of Skagway, and via road through a few of the stops along its route. The railroad is subsidiary of Tri-White Corporation traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange (T:TWH) and operated by the Pacific and Arctic Railway and Navigation Company (in Alaska), the British Columbia Yukon Railway Company (in British Columbia) and the British Yukon Railway Company, originally known as the British Yukon Mining, Trading and Transportation Company (in Yukon Territory), which use the trade name White Pass and Yukon Route.

Construction

The line was born of the Klondike Gold Rush of 1897. The most popular route taken by prospectors to the gold fields in Dawson City was a treacherous route from the nearest port in Skagway or nearby Dyea, Alaska across the mountains to the Canadian border at the summit of the Chilkoot Pass or the White Pass. There, the prospectors would not be allowed across by the Canadian authorities unless they had a full ton of supplies with them, which for most required several trips up and down the passes before entry to Canada could be obtained. There was a need for a better transportation scheme than the pack horses used over the White Pass or people's backs over the Chilkoot Pass. This need generated numerous railroad schemes. In 1897, the Canadian government received 32 proposals for Yukon railroads, most of which were never realized.

In 1897, three separate companies were organized to build a rail link from Skagway to Fort Selkirk, Yukon, 325 miles (523 km) away. Largely financed by British investors, a railroad was soon under construction. A 3-foot (914 mm) gauge was chosen; the narrower roadbed required by a narrow gauge railroad made for big cost savings when that roadbed had to be carved and blasted out of the mountain rock. Even so, 450 tons of explosives were used to reach White Pass summit. The narrow gauge also allowed for a tighter radius to be used on curves, making the task easier by allowing the railroad to follow the landscape more, rather than having to be blasted through it.

Construction started in May 1898, but they ran into some roadblocks in dealing with the local city government and the town's crime boss, Soapy Smith. The President, Samuel H. Graves (1852-1911), was elected as chairman of the vigilante organization that was trying to expel Soapy and his gang of confidence men and rogues. On the evening of July 8, 1898, Soapy Smith was killed in a gunfight with the guards at one of the vigilante's meetings. Samuel Graves witnessed the shooting. The railroad helped block off the escape routes of the gang, aiding in their capture, and the remaining roadblocks in Skagway subsided. On July 21, 1898, an excursion train hauled passengers for four miles (6.4 km) out of Skagway, the first train to operate in Alaska. On July 30, 1898, the charter rights and concessions of the three companies were acquired by the White Pass & Yukon Railway Company Limited, a new company organized in London. Construction reached the 2,885-foot (879 m) summit of White Pass, 20 miles (32 km) away from Skagway, by mid-February 1899. The railway reached Bennett, British Columbia on July 6, 1899. In the summer of 1899, construction started north from Carcross to Whitehorse, 110 miles (177 km) north of Skagway. The construction crews working from Bennett along a difficult lakeshore reached Carcross the next year, and the last spike was driven on July 29, 1900, with service starting on August 1, 1900. However, by then, much of the Gold Rush fever had died down.

At the time, the gold spike was actually a regular iron spike. A gold spike was on hand, but the gold was too soft and instead of being driven, was just hammered out of shape.

Operations before World War II

As the gold rush wound down, serious professional mining was taking its place; not so much for gold as for other metals such as copper, silver and lead. The closest port was Skagway, and the only route there was via the White Pass & Yukon Route's river boats and railroad.

While ores and concentrates formed the bulk of the traffic, the railroad also carried passenger traffic, and other freight. There was, for a long time, no easier way into the Yukon Territory, and no other way into or out of Skagway except by sea.

Financing and route was in place to extend the rails from Whitehorse to Carmacks, but there was chaos in the river transportation service, resulting in a bottleneck. The White Pass instead used the money to purchase most of the riverboats, providing a steady and reliable transportation system between Whitehorse and Dawson City.

While the WP&YR never built between Whitehorse and Fort Selkirk, some minor expansion of the railway occurred after 1900. In 1901, the Taku Tram, a 2½-mile (4 km) portage railroad was built at Taku City, British Columbia, which was operated until 1951. It carried passengers and freight between the S.S. Tutshi operating on Tagish Lake and the M.V. Tarahne operating across Atlin Lake to Atlin, British Columbia. (While the Tutshi was destroyed by a suspicious fire around 1990, the Tarahne was restored and hosts special dinners including murder mysteries. Lifeboats built for the Tutshi’s restoration were donated to the Tarahne.) The Taku Tram could not even turn around, and simply backed up on its westbound run. The locomotive used, the Duchess, is now in Carcross.

In 1910, the WP&YR operated a branch line to Pueblo, a mining area near Whitehorse. This branch line was abandoned in 1918; a haul-road follows that course today but is mostly barricaded; a Whitehorse Star editorial in the 1980s noted that this route would be an ideal alignment if the Alaska Highway should ever require a bypass reroute around Whitehorse.

While all other railroads in the Yukon (such as the Klondike Mines Railway at Dawson City) had been abandoned by 1914, the WP&YR continued to operate.

During the Great Depression, traffic was sparse on the WP&YR, and for a time trains operated as infrequently as once a week.

Operations during World War II

Alaska became strategically important for the United States; there was concern that the Japanese might invade it, as Alaska was the closest part of the United States to Japan. The U.S. Army took control, bringing some newly built and many used steam locomotives (such as the USATC S118 Class) brought from closed U.S. narrow gauge lines to the railroad.

There are two persistent myths that show up in almost every book or article which mentions the role of the White Pass & Yukon Route in the building of the Alcan Highway during the Second World War. The myths concern the eleven new 2-8-2 MacArthur type locomotives that the U.S. Army brought to the WP&YR in 1943. Myth #1 is that they were converted from gauge to gauge by the WP&YR shops in Skagway, Alaska. Myth #2 is that they were built for Iran and diverted to the WP&YR.

These locomotives, designated USA 190 to USA 200, were constructed by Baldwin Locomotive Works as gauge and shipped fully assembled. No modification was needed. The MacArthur was designed by the American Locomotive Company for ("cape" gauge) and the smaller gauges were cleverly accommodated with various sized spacers in strategic locations on same length axles. In total, nearly 800 MacArthurs were produced by ALCO, Baldwin, and a few other manufacturers.

The reason USA 190–200 were never destined for "Iran" as it is often mistakenly stated in books relating WP&YR history, is that Iran's government railway was standard gauge. Also, because of scarce water and extensive tunnels, Iran was the first case where the Army primarily used diesel locomotives. USATC narrow gauge locomotives were never destined for Iran.

The first locomotives of the MacArthur design that Baldwin Locomotive Works built were USA 190–200 for the WP&YR, which makes them unique. This initial 1942 sales order to Baldwin for 60 MacArthur meter gauge [39 3/8 inches] locomotives was for India's extensive meter gauge railway system. The first eleven were diverted to the WP&YR as 36-inch, the next 15 went to India as meter gauge, another 20 went to Queensland Ry as 42-inch, and the remaining 14 were meter gauge for India where the order was destined before the Alaskan and Australian diversions.

The White Pass saw record volumes of traffic as it served as a vital supply route for construction materials for the new Alaska Highway and other projects. As many as 17 trains were operated daily. In one record period of 24 hours, 37 trains rolled into Whitehorse.

1946–1982

In 1951, the White Pass and Yukon Corporation Ltd., a new holding company, was incorporated to acquire the three railway companies comprising the WP&YR from the White Pass and Yukon Company, Ltd., which was in liquidation. The railway was financially restructured. While most other narrow gauge systems in North America were closing around this time, the WP&YR remained open.

The railroad dieselized in the mid to late 1950s, one of the few North American narrow gauge railroads to do so. The railroad bought shovelnose diesels from General Electric, and later road-switchers from American Locomotive Company (Alco) and Montreal Locomotive Works, as well as a few small switchers.

The railroad was an early pioneer of intermodal freight traffic, commonly called container; advertising of the time referred to it as the Container Route. With custom-built container ships, railroad cars and truck trailers, the White Pass showed the benefits of intermodal transportation early – a single container, loaded in the Yukon Territory, could be transported anywhere in the world without needing to be opened and reloaded, whether transported by road, rail, or sea. The WP&YR owned the world's first container ship (the Clifford J. Rogers, built in 1955), and in 1956 introduced containers.

The Faro lead-zinc mine opened in 1969. The railway was upgraded with seven new 1200 horsepower (890 kW) locomotives from the Alco, new freight cars, ore buckets, a "straddle carrier" at Whitehorse to transfer from the railway's new fleet of trucks, a new ore dock at Skagway, and assorted work on the rail line to improve alignment. In the fall of 1969, a new tunnel and bridge that bypassed Dead Horse Gulch were built to replace the tall steel cantilever bridge that could not carry the heavier trains. This enormous investment made the company dependent on continued ore traffic to earn the revenue, and left the railway vulnerable to loss of that ore-carrying business.

As well, passenger traffic on the WP&YR was increasing as cruise ships started to visit Alaska's Inside Passage. There was no road from Skagway to Whitehorse until 1978. Even after the road was built, the White Pass still survived on the ore traffic from the mines.

During this time, the green-yellow engine colour scheme, with a thunderbird on the front, was replaced with blue, patterned with black and white. (The green-yellow scheme was restored in the early 1990s, along with the thunderbird. As of 2005, however, one engine still has the blue colour scheme. The steam engines, however, remain basic black.)

In 1982, metal prices plunged, striking with devastating effect on the mines that were the White Pass and Yukon Route's main customers. Many, including the Faro lead-zinc mine, closed down, and with that traffic gone, the White Pass was doomed as a commercial railroad. Hopeful of a reopening, the railway ran at a significant loss for several months, carrying only passengers. However, the railway closed down on October 7, 1982.

The Northwestel telephone directory issued for April 1, 1982, for Yukon and Northern British Columbia, carried on its cover (wraparound front and back) a photograph, provided by White Pass, of a White Pass train, led by Engine 98, traveling south through Bennett, an irony, as the trains were no longer running for more than half the time the directory was in use.

Some of the road's Alco diesels were sold to a railroad in Colombia, and three (out of four, and one of these was wrecked) of the newer Alco diesels built by and in storage with Alco's Canadian licensee MLW (Montreal Locomotive Works) were sold to US Gypsum in Plaster City, California. Only one of these modern narrow gauge diesels, the last narrow gauge diesel locomotives built for a North American customer, was delivered to the White Pass. The five diesels sold to Colombia were not used there as they were too heavy, and were re-acquired in 1999 – one was nearly lost at sea during a storm as it broke loose on the barge and slowly rolled towards the edge.

The railway was the focus of the first episode of the BBC television series Great Little Railways in 1983.

Revival, 1988-present

The shutdown, however, was not for long. Tourism to Alaska began to increase, with many cruise ships stopping at Skagway. The dramatic scenery of the White Pass route sounded like a great tourist draw; and the rails of the White Pass & Yukon Route were laid right down to the docks, even along them, for the former freight and cruise ship traffic. Cruise operators, remembering the attraction of the little mountain climbing trains to their passengers, pushed for a re-opening of the line as a heritage railway. The White Pass was and is perfectly positioned to sell a railroad ride through the mountains to cruise ship tourists; they do not even have to walk far.

Following a deal between White Pass and the United Transportation Union representing Alaska employees of the road, the White Pass Route was reopened between Skagway and White Pass in 1988 purely for tourist passenger traffic. The White Pass Route also bid on the ore-haul from the newly reopened Faro mine, but its price was considerably higher than road haulage over the Klondike Highway.

The railway still uses vintage parlor cars, the oldest four built in 1881 and predating WP&YR by 17 years, and four new cars built in 2007 follow the same 19th century design. At least three cars have wheelchair lifts.

A work train actually reached Whitehorse in late August, 1988, its intent being to haul two locomotives, parked in Whitehorse for six years, to Skagway to be overhauled and used on the tourist trains. While in Whitehorse for approximately one week, it hauled the parked rolling stock – flatcars, tankers and a caboose – out of the downtown area's sidings, and the following year, they were hauled further south, many eventually sold. Most of the tracks in downtown Whitehorse have now been torn up, and the line's terminus is six city blocks south of the old train depot at First Avenue and Main Street. A single new track along the waterfront enables the operation, by a local historical society, of a tram for tourist purposes.

After customs and Canadian labour union jurisdictional issues were resolved, the WP&YR main line reopened to Fraser in 1989, and Bennett in 1992. A train reached Carcross in 1997 to participate in the Ton of Gold centennial celebration. A special passenger run, by invitation only, was made from Carcross to Whitehorse on October 10, 1997, and there are plans to eventually re-open the entire line to Whitehorse if a market exists. So far, the tracks are only certified to Carcross by the Canadian Transportation Agency; on July 29, 2006, White Pass ran a train to Carcross and announced passenger service to begin in May 2007, six trains per week, with motorcoach return trips.

WP&YR acquired some rolling stock from CN's Newfoundland operations, which shut down in November 1988; the acquisition included 8 side-pivot, drop-side air dump cars for large rocks, and 8 longitudinal hoppers hoppers for ballast, still painted in CN orange. These cars were converted from Newfoundland's 1067 mm (3 feet, 6 inches) gauge to White Pass and Yukon Route's 914 mm (3 feet) gauge.

Most trains are hauled by the line's diesel locomotives, painted in green (lower) and yellow (upper), but one of the line's original steam locomotives is still in operation too, #73, a 2-8-2 Mikado-type locomotive. Another steam locomotive, #40 a 2-8-0 Consolidation type locomotive was on loan from the Georgetown Loop R.R. in Colorado for upwards of 5 years, but was returned after only 2 years. Former WP&Y 69, a 2-8-0, was re-acquired in 2001, rebuilt, and re-entered service in 2008.

Also operational, a few times a year, is an original steam-powered rotary snowplow, an essential device in the line's commercial service days. (The rotaries were retired in 1964, along with the remaining steam engines that pushed them, and snow clearing was done by caterpillar tractor.) While it is not needed as the tourist season is only in the summer months, it is a spectacle in operation, though, and the White Pass runs the steam plow for railfan groups once or twice a winter, pushed by two diesel locomotives (in 2000 only, it was pushed by two steam locomotives, #73 and #40).

The centennial of the Golden Spike at Carcross was reenacted on July 29, 2000, complete with two steam engines meeting nose-to-nose (#73 and #40), and a gold-coated steel spike being driven by a descendant of WP&YR contractor Michael James Heney.

One organization chartered a steam-pulled train from Carcross to Fraser, with a stopover at Bennett, on Friday, June 24, 2005. When expected participants seemed unlikely to arrive in the planned numbers, surplus seats were sold to the public, 120 USD or 156 CAD, with bus return to Carcross from Fraser. This represents the first paid passenger trips out of Carcross since 1982, a feature that will be regular starting in 2007.

White Pass president Gary Danielsen advised a CBC Radio interviewer that service to Whitehorse would require an enormous capital investment to restore the tracks, but the company is willing if there is either a passenger or freight potential to make it cost effective.

A June 2006 report on connecting Alaska to the continental railroad network suggested Carmacks as a hub, with a branch line to Whitehorse and beyond to either Skagway or Haines.

In addition to the restoration of the actual rail line, several former White Pass steam locomotives are currently in operation at tourist attractions in the Southeastern United States. Locomotives 70, 71, and 192 are at the Dollywood theme park in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee. Locomotive 190 is at Tweetsie Railroad in Boone, North Carolina.

Accidents

A serious derailment on September 3, 2006, resulted in the death of one section worker. A work train, Engine 114 pulling eight gravel cars, derailed approximately three miles (4.8 km) south of Bennett, injuring all four train crew, two Canadian and two American; one died at the scene; the others were airlifted to hospital and are stable; the engine remained on its side at the scene. Passenger operations on the blocked section had ended for the season just before the accident.

As of February 2007, Engine 114 is now being repaired at Coast Engine and Equipment Company (CEECO) in Tacoma, Washington.

Steam Locomotives

Number or Name Builder Type Date Works Number Remarks
Duchess Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-4-0T 9-1878 4424 Originally, Dunsmuir, Diggle & Co. 30-inch gauge 0-6-0T #2, Duchess. Dunsmuir, Diggle sold to Wellington Colliery R.R. in 1883. Duchess converted to a 2-4-0T by disconnecting the front drivers, and gauge widened to 3-feet, probably about 1889. Resold to Albion Iron Works (dealer) thereafter. Resold to John Irving Navigation Co. in April 1900 for use on the Taku Tram. Irving Navigation purchased by the White Pass in June 1900. Duchess powered the Taku Tram from 1900 to 1920. Used as a trash burner at Carcross, Yukon from 1920 to 1931. Put on display at Carcross in 1931.
2nd 4 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-6-2 9-1912 37564 Originally, Klondike Mines Ry. #4. Purchased by the White Pass in 1942. Sold to the Oak Creek Central Ry. in 1955 (OCC #4). Resold to the Peppermint & North Western R.R. in 1960 (P&NW #4). Resold to the Petticoat Junction R.R. in 1964 (PJ #4). Resold to the Gold Nugget Junction R.R. in 1969 (GNJ #4). Resold to Wild's Game Farm in 1984.
8 Climax Locomotive Works B-B-B (3-Truck Climax) 12-1897 167 Originally, Colorado & Northwestern Ry. #2. Acquired by the White Pass in 1899. Sold to W.D. Hofius & Co. (dealer) in 1902. Resold in 1903 to the White Star Lumber Co., who reduced it to a B-B (2-truck) type and converted it to standard gauge (WSL #1). Resold to the Maytown Lumber Co. about 1922. Maytown Lumber discontinued operations in 1924. Locomotive presumed scrapped thereafter.
USA 10 Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-6-0 1-1916 42768 Originally, East Tennessee & Western North Carolina R.R. #10, Patricia. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1942. Bore “W.P.&Y.R.” on tender. Severely damaged in the 1943 Whitehorse engine house fire and retired. Scrapped in 1945.
USA 14 Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-6-0 9-1919 52406 Originally, East Tennessee & Western North Carolina R.R. #14. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1942. Bore “W.P.&Y.R.” on tender. Severely damaged in the 1943 Whitehorse engine house fire and retired. Scrapped in 1945.
USA 20 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 12-1890 11355 Originally, Denver, Leadville & Gunnison Ry. #272. Became Colorado & Southern Ry. #69 in 1899. Purchased by the U.S. Army in April 1943 as #3920 for use on the White Pass. Renumbered #20 in June 1943. Retired and shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1944. Scrapped in 1946.
USA 21 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 12-1890 11356 Originally, Denver, Leadville & Gunnison Ry. #273. Became Colorado & Southern Ry. #70 in 1899. Purchased by the U.S. Army in April 1943 as #3921 for use on the White Pass. Renumbered #21 in June 1943. Retired and shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1944. Scrapped in 1946.
USA 22 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 5-1904 24109 Originally, Silverton Northern R.R. #3. The S.N. R.R. was abandoned in 1942. Loco sold to Dulien Steel Products Co. (dealer) threafter. Purchased by the U.S. Army in April 1943 as #3922 for use on the White Pass. Renumbered #22 in June 1943. Retired and shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1944. Scrapped in 1945.
USA 23 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 4-1906 27977 Originally, Silverton Northern R.R. #4. The S.N. R.R. was abandoned in 1942. Loco sold to Dulien Steel Products Co. (dealer) threafter. Purchased by the U.S. Army in April 1943 as #3923 for use on the White Pass. Renumbered #23 in June 1943. Retired in 1944. Shipped out of Skagway, Alaska. Scrapped in 1945.
24 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 5-1904 24130 Originally, Silverton, Gladstone & Northerly R.R. #34. Sold to the Silverton Northern R.R. in 1915 (SN #34). The S.N. R.R. was abandoned in 1942. Loco resold to Dulien Steel Products Co. (dealer) threafter. Purchased by the U.S. Army in April 1943 as #3924 for use on the White Pass. Renumbered #24 in June 1943. Retired in 1945. Sold to the White Pass in 1947. Scrapped in 1951.
Georgetown Loop RR 40 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 9-1920 53777 Originally, International Railways of Central America #50. Renumbered #40 in 1928. Sold to the Georgetown Loop R.R. in 1977 (GL #40). Operated on the White Pass in 2000 and 2001. Returned to the G.L. R.R. in 2001.
51 (1st 1) Brooks Locomotive Works 2-6-0 1-1881 494 Originally, Utah & Northern Ry. #23. Renumbered #80 in 1885. Sold to the Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. in 1889 (C&PS 2nd #3). Acquired by the White Pass in 1898 as 1st #1. Renumbered #51 in 1900. Powered the Taku Tram from 1920 to 1931. Retired in 1941. Put on display at Whitehorse, Yukon in 1958.
52 (1st 2) Brooks Locomotive Works 2-6-0 8-1881 567 Originally, Utah & Northern Ry. #37. Renumbered #94 in 1885. Sold to the Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. in 1889 (C&PS 2nd #4). Acquired by the White Pass in 1898 as 1st #2. Renumbered #52 in 1900. Powered the Taku Tram from 1930 to 1936. Retired in 1940. Put on display at Skagway, Alaska in 1971.
53 (1st 3) Grant Locomotive Works 2-8-0 1881 One of 1431, 1432, 1443-1446, 1448-1451 Originally intended to be a Denver & Rio Grande R.R. ##230-239 series loco, but sold instead to the Toledo, Cincinnati & St. Louis R.R. in 1882 (TC&StL #63). Resold to the Cincinnati Northern Ry. in 1883 (CN #63). Transferred to the Cincinnati, Lebanon & Northern Ry. in 1885 (CL&N #63). Repossessed by Grant in June 1887. Sold to the Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. in September 1887. (C&PS #9). Acquired by the White Pass in 1898 as 1st #3. Renumbered to #53 in 1900. Retired in 1907. Scrapped in 1918.
54 (1st 4) Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-4-0 3-1878 4294 Originally Olympia & Chehalis Valley R.R. #1, E. H. Quimette. Sold to the Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. in 1891 (C&PS #10). Acquired by the White Pass in 1898 as 1st #4. Renumbered #54 in 1900. Sold to the Tanana Mines Ry. in 1905 (TM #50). The T.M. Ry. became the Tanana Valley R.R. in 1907 (TV #50). The T.V. R.R. was sold to the Alaskan Engineering Commission in 1917 (AEC #50). The A.E.C. became The Alaska Railroad in 1922 (ARR #50). The locomotive was scrapped in 1930.
55 (5) Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 5-1885 7597 Originally, Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. #8. Acquired by the White Pass in 1898 as #5. Renumbered #55 in 1900. Sold to the Klondike Mines Ry. in 1904 (KM #2). The K.M. Ry. was abandoned in 1913. The locomotive was put on display at Dawson City, Yukon in 1961.
56 (6) Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 1-1899 16455 Vauclain compound locomotive. Purchased new. Originally #6. Renumbered #56 in 1900. Rebuilt from Vauclain compound to simple in 1907. Scrapped in 1938.
57 (7) Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 1-1899 16456 Purchased new. Originally #7. Renumbered #57 in 1900. Sold in 1906 to the Klondike Mines Ry. (KM #3). The K.M. Ry. was abandoned in 1913. The locomotive was put on display at Dawson City, Yukon in 1961.
59 Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-6-0 5-1900 17749 Purchased new. Scrapped in 1941.
60 Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-6-0 5-1900 17750 Purchased new. Retired in 1942. Used as riprap along the Skagway River in 1949. Retrieved and moved to Skagway Shops in 1990.
61 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 6-1900 17814 Purchased new. Retired in 1944. Used as riprap along the Skagway River in 1949. Retrieved and moved to Skagway Shops in 1990. Sold to Mid-West Locomotive & Machine Works in 2007.
62 Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-6-0 6-1900 17895 Purchased new. Retired in 1945. Used as riprap along the Skagway River in 1949.
63 Brooks Locomotive Works 2-6-0 4-1881 522 Originally, Kansas Central R.R. # 7, Sidney Dillon. Renumbered # 102 in 1885. K.C. R.R. converted to standard gauge in 1890. Locomotive sold to F.M. Hicks & Co. (dealer) thereafter. Purchased from Hicks by the White Pass in 1900. Sold to the Klondike Mines Ry. in 1902 (KM #1). The K.M. Ry. was abandoned in 1913. The locomotive was put on display at Dawson City, Yukon in 1961.
64 Hinkley Locomotive Works 2-6-0 11-1878 1781 May have been built as an 0-6-0. Originally, North Western Coal & Navigation Co. #10. Configured as a 2-6-0 by 1891. The N.W.C.&N. Co. was sold to the Alberta Railway & Coal Co. in 1891. Locomotive sold to the Columbia & Western Ry. in 1896 (C&W #2). The C.&W. Ry. was taken over by the Canadian Pacific Ry. in 1898. The C.P. Ry. designated the locomotive 2nd #506, but never physically renumbered it. Purchased by the White Pass in 1900. Retired in 1907. Scrapped in 1918.
65 Brooks Locomotive Works 2-6-0 9-1881 578 Originally, Kansas Central R.R. # 8, L. T. Smith. Renumbered # 103 in 1885. Sold to the Columbia & Western Ry. in 1896 (C&W #3). The C.&W. Ry. was taken over by the Canadian Pacific Ry. in 1898. The C.P. Ry. designated the locomotive 2nd #507, but never physically renumbered it. Purchased by the White Pass in 1900. Sold to the Tanana Mines Ry. in 1906 (TM #51). The T.M. Ry. became the Tanana Valley R.R. in 1907 (TV #51). The T.V. R.R. was sold to the Alaskan Engineering Commission in 1917 (AEC #51). The A.E.C. became The Alaska Railroad in 1922 (ARR #51). The locomotive was scrapped in 1930.
66 Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-6-0 5-1901 18964 Purchased new. Retired in 1953. Used as riprap along the Skagway River in 1967.
67 Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-6-0 5-1901 18965 Purchased new. Retired in 1941. Used as riprap along the Skagway River in 1951.
68 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 6-1907 30998 Purchased new. Severely damaged by rock slide in 1917 and retired. Scrapped in 1938.
69 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-0 4-1908 32962 Purchased new. Nicknamed Gila Monster by the 770th Railway Operating Battalion during World War II. Retired in 1954. Sold to the Black Hills Central R.R. in 1956. (BHC #69, Klondike Casey). Resold to the Nebraska Midland Ry. in 1973 (NM #69). Last run by N.M. Ry. in 1990. Sold back to the White Pass in 2001. Returned to service on the White Pass in 2008.
70 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 5-1938 62234 Purchased new. Retired in 1963. Sold to Silver Dollar City in 1977 (SDC #70). S.D.C. sold out to Dollywood in 1986 (Dollywood #70, Cinderella).
71 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 1-1939 62257 Purchased new. Retired in 1963. Sold to Silver Dollar City in 1977 (SDC #71). S.D.C. sold out to Dollywood in 1986 (Dollywood #71).
72 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 5-1947 73351 Purchased new. Retired in 1964. Used as a stationary boiler from 1964 to 1969. Severely damaged in the 1969 Skagway roundhouse fire. All but its chassis was scrapped in 1974. The chassis was sold to Silver Dollar City in 1977. S.D.C. sold out to Dollywood in 1986. Chassis scrapped in 1999.
73 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 5-1947 73352 Purchased new. Retired in 1964. Put on display at Bennett, B.C. in 1968. Moved to Whitehorse, Yukon for restoration in 1979. Restored to service in 1982.
80 American Locomotive Company 2-8-2 7-1920 61980 Originally, Sumpter Valley Ry. 2nd #101. Renumbered #20 in 1920. Purchased by the White Pass in 1940. Retired in 1958. Sold back to the S.V. Ry. in 1977 (SV #20).
1st 81 American Locomotive Company 2-8-2 7-1920 61981 Originally, Sumpter Valley Ry. 2nd #102. Renumbered #19 in 1920. Purchased by the White Pass in 1940. Retired in 1957. Sold back to the S.V. Ry. in 1977 (SV #19).
Proposed USA 152 Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-6-0 6-1920 53296 Originally, Alaskan Engineering Commission #152. The A.E.C. became The Alaska Railroad in 1922. Locomotive acquired by the U.S. Army in 1942 for use on the White Pass, shipped to Skagway, Alaska, but not off loaded. Sold to Davidson Scrap Metals about 1947. Resold to the Camino, Cable & Northern R.R. in 1951 (CC&N #2). Resold to the Keystone Locomotive Co. in 1974. Resold to the Huckleberry R.R. in 1975 (H RR #2).
190 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69425 Originally, U.S. Army #190, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Turned over to the White Pass in 1946. Sold to the Tweetsie Railroad in 1960 (Tweetsie #190, Yukon Queen).
191 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69426 Originally, U.S. Army #191, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Retired in 1946. Sold to the White Pass in 1947. Scrapped in 1951.
192 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69427 Originally, U.S. Army #192, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Turned over to the White Pass in 1946. Retired in 1957. Sold to the Rebel R.R. in 1962 (R RR #192). The Rebel R.R. sold out to Gold Rush Junction in 1970 (GRJ #192). G.R.J. sold out to Silver Dollar City in 1977 (SDC #192). S.D.C. sold out to Dollywood in 1986 (Dollywood #192, Klondike Katie).
193 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69428 Originally, U.S. Army #193, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Retired in 1946. Sold to the White Pass in 1947. Scrapped in 1951.
194 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69429 Originally, U.S. Army #194, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Retired in 1944. Sold to the White Pass in 1947. Scrapped in 1951.
195 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69430 Originally, U.S. Army #195, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Sold to the White Pass in 1947. Retired in 1948. Put on display at Skagway, Alaska in 1962.
196 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69431 Originally, U.S. Army #196, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Turned over to the White Pass in 1946. Retired in 1950. Used as riprap along the Skagway River in 1967.
197 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69432 Originally, U.S. Army #197, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Retired in 1946. Sold to the White Pass in 1947. Scrapped in 1951.
USA 198 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69433 Purchased new by the U.S. Army, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Retired in 1944. Shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1945. Sold to the Ferrocarril Casa Grande-Sausal of Chicama, Peru in 1948 (CG-S #32). The F.C. C.G.-S. was abandoned by 1970. Locomotive scrapped by 2003.
USA 199 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69434 Purchased new by the U.S. Army, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Retired in 1944. Shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1945. Sold to the Ferrocarril Casa Grande-Sausal of Chicama, Peru in 1948 (CG-S #18). The F.C. C.G.-S. was abandoned by 1970. Locomotive scrapped by 2003.
USA 200 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-8-2 2-1943 69435 Purchased new by the U.S. Army, and used by the Army on the White Pass. Retired in 1944. Shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1945. Sold to the Ferrocarril Casa Grande-Sausal of Chicama, Peru in 1948 (CG-S #19). The F.C. C.G.-S. was abandoned by 1970. Locomotive scrapped by 2003.
USA 250 American Locomotive Company 2-8-2 9-1923 64981 Originally, Denver & Rio Grande Western R.R. #470. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1942 for use on the White Pass. Retired and shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1944. Scrapped in 1946.
USA 251 American Locomotive Company 2-8-2 9-1923 64982 Originally, Denver & Rio Grande Western R.R. #471. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1942 for use on the White Pass. Retired and shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1944. Scrapped in 1946.
USA 252 American Locomotive Company 2-8-2 9-1923 64983 Originally, Denver & Rio Grande Western R.R. #472. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1942 for use on the White Pass. Wrecked and shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1944. Scrapped in 1946.
USA 253 American Locomotive Company 2-8-2 9-1923 64985 Originally, Denver & Rio Grande Western R.R. #474. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1942 for use on the White Pass. On February 5, 1943, en route from Prince Rupert, British Columbia, to Skagway, Alaska, it sank on a barge during an ice storm at Haines, Alaska. Recovered 13 days later. Retired and shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1944. Scrapped in 1946.
USA 254 American Locomotive Company 2-8-2 9-1923 64986 Originally, Denver & Rio Grande Western R.R. #475. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1942 for use on the White Pass. Retired and shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1944. Scrapped in 1946.
USA 255 American Locomotive Company 2-8-2 9-1923 64988 Originally, Denver & Rio Grande Western R.R. #477. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1942 for use on the White Pass. Retired and shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1944. Scrapped in 1946.
USA 256 American Locomotive Company 2-8-2 9-1923 64990 Originally, Denver & Rio Grande Western R.R. #479. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1942 for use on the White Pass. Retired and shipped out of Skagway, Alaska in 1944. Scrapped in 1946.



Gasoline-Mechanical Locomotives

Number or Name Builder Horse- power Type Date Works Number Remarks
Ford Tram Westminster Iron Works 90 B 1937 68 Has a Ford V-8 engine and no automatic brake system. Purchased new. Powered the Taku Tram from 1937 to 1950. Operated at Carcross, Yukon, tie plant from 1952 to 1982. Retired in 1982.
2nd 3 Skagit Steel & Iron Works 27 B 1924 Had a Fordson tractor engine. Originally, owned by Charles H. Frye and leased to Frye Lettuce Farms, Inc. Frye Lettuce went bankrupt in 1934. Locomotive purchased by the White Pass in 1936. Relegated to Shops use only. Retired in 1943. Scrapped in 1946.
3rd 3 Plymouth Locomotive Works 175 B 7-1942 4471 Plymouth Model ML6-25. Originally, U.S. Army #7651 and operated on the Kuparek Ry. in Nome, Alaska. Shipped to Skagway, Alaska in 1943. Turned over to the White Pass in 1946 (WP&YR 3rd #3). Severely damaged in the 1969 Skagway roundhouse fire. Scrapped in 1970.


Diesel-Electric Locomotives

Number Builder Horse- power Type Date Works Number Remarks
2nd 1 General Electric 150 B 6-1947 29191 GE Phase 3b 25-Tonner. Originally, Colorado Fuel & Iron Co. #6. Purchased by the White Pass in 1969. Retired in 1979. Donated to the British Columbia Forest Museum in 1985 (BCFM #1).
2nd 2 General Electric 150 B 6-1947 29195 GE Phase 3b 25-Tonner. Originally, Colorado Fuel & Iron Co. Co. #10. Purchased by the White Pass in 1969. Retired in 1972. Scrapped in 1985.
2nd 81 General Electric 800 C-C 6-1957 32933 Convertible gauge locomotive. Originally, U.S. Army #3000. Operated on the Denver & Rio Grande Western R.R. from 1957 to 1960. Purchased by the White Pass in 1973. Retired in 1980. Sold to Bandegua (Guatemala subsidiary of Del Monte Fresh Produce, N.A.) in 1981 (Bandegua #314). Scrapped by 2006.
90 General Electric 930 C-C 6-1954 32060 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
91 General Electric 930 C-C 6-1954 32061 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
92 General Electric 930 C-C 12-1956 32709 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
93 General Electric 930 C-C 12-1956 32710 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
94 General Electric 930 C-C 12-1956 32711 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
95 General Electric 930 C-C 3-1963 34592 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
96 General Electric 930 C-C 3-1963 34593 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
97 General Electric 930 C-C 3-1963 34594 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
98 General Electric 990 C-C 5-1966 35790 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
99 General Electric 990 C-C 5-1966 35791 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
100 General Electric 990 C-C 5-1966 35792 GE Model GEX3341. Purchased new.
101 Montreal Locomotive Works 1200 C-C 5-1969 6023-01 MLW-Worthington Model Series C-14, Specification DL-535E. Purchased new. Sold to Sociedad Colombiana de Transport Ferroviaro S.A. in 1992 (one of STF ##1101-1104). Repurchased by the White Pass in 1999 (WP&YR #101).
102 Montreal Locomotive Works 1200 C-C 5-1969 6023-02 MLW-Worthington Model Series C-14, Specification DL-535E. Purchased new. Severely damaged in the 1969 Skagway roundhouse fire. Scrapped in 1993.
103 Montreal Locomotive Works 1200 C-C 5-1969 6023-03 Alco Model Series C-14, Specification DL-535E. Purchased new. Sold to Sociedad Colombiana de Transport Ferroviaro S.A. in 1992 (STF #1105). Repurchased by the White Pass in 1999 (WP&YR #103).
104 Montreal Locomotive Works 1200 C-C 5-1969 6023-04 MLW-Worthington Model Series C-14, Specification DL-535E. Purchased new. Sold to Sociedad Colombiana de Transport Ferroviaro S.A. in 1992 (one of STF ##1101-1104). Repurchased by the White Pass in 1999 (WP&YR #104).
105 Montreal Locomotive Works 1200 C-C 5-1969 6023-05 MLW-Worthington Model Series C-14, Specification DL-535E. Purchased new. Severely damaged in the 1969 Skagway roundhouse fire. Scrapped in 1993.
106 Montreal Locomotive Works 1200 C-C 5-1969 6023-06 MLW-Worthington Model Series C-14, Specification DL-535E. Purchased new. Sold to Sociedad Colombiana de Transport Ferroviaro S.A. in 1992 (one of STF ##1101-1104). Repurchased by the White Pass in 1999 (WP&YR #106).
107 Montreal Locomotive Works 1200 C-C 5-1969 6023-07 MLW-Worthington Model Series C-14, Specification DL-535E. Purchased new. Sold to Sociedad Colombiana de Transport Ferroviaro S.A. in 1992 (one of STF ##1101-1104). Repurchased by the White Pass in 1999 (WP&YR #107).
108 Montreal Locomotive Works 1200 C-C 12-1971 6054-01 MLW-Worthington Model Series C-14, Specification DL-535E. Purchased new.
109 Montreal Locomotive Works 1200 C-C 12-1971 6054-02 MLW-Worthington Model Series C-14, Specification DL-535E. Purchased new.
110 Montreal Locomotive Works 1200 C-C 12-1971 6054-03 MLW-Worthington Model Series C-14, Specification DL-535E. Purchased new.
Proposed 111 Bombardier
(bought MLW in 1975)
1200 C-C 7-1982 6123-01 Bombardier Specification DL-535E(W). Stored at Soulanges Industries, Les Cedres, Quebec from 1982 until 1993. Sold to United States Gypsum Co. in 1993 (USG #111).
Proposed 112 Bombardier 1200 C-C 7-1982 6123-02 Bombardier Specification DL-535E(W). Stored at Soulanges Industries, Les Cedres, Quebec from 1982 until 1991. Sold to United States Gypsum Co. in 1991 (USG #112).
Proposed 113 Bombardier 1200 C-C 7-1982 6123-03 Bombardier Specification DL-535E(W). Stored at Soulanges Industries, Les Cedres, Quebec from 1982 until 1991. Sold to United States Gypsum Co. in 1991 (USG #113). Destroyed in an accident in 1992.
114 Bombardier 1200 C-C 7-1982 6123-04 Bombardier Specification DL-535E(W). Stored at Soulanges Industries, Les Cedres, Quebec from 1982 until 1991. Purchased by the White Pass in 1991.



Passenger Cars

Number Name Builder Date Remarks
1st 1 W.P.&Y.R. 1900 Open observation car. Single 4-wheel truck. No air brake. Used on the Taku Tram. Converted to a flat car in 1937. Retired in 1951.
2nd 1 W.P.&Y.R. 1933 Self propelled, gasoline-mechanical. Made from Paige Motor Co. Model 6-75 Sedan. No air brake. Broke an axle and retired in 1947. Lead truck used to build #4. Remainder placed as riprap along the Skagway River.
2 W.P.&Y.R. 1935 Self propelled, 85 H.P. gasoline-mechanical. Made from 1934 Ford Motor Co. chassis and a bus body. No air brake. Demolished due to a derailment in 1942. Scrapped in 1943.
4 W.P.&Y.R. 1947 Self propelled, 60 H.P. gasoline-mechanical. Made from 1947 Willys-Overland Corp. 4-63 Jeep ® station wagon (Willys works #27100). Contained lead truck from 2nd #1. No air brake. Scrapped in 1954 or 1955.
5 The Red Line Beartown Mechanical Design 1998 Self propelled, 436 H.P. Diesel-hydraulic. Purchased new. Sold to the Yukon Government in 2004.
100 Buda Foundry & Mfg. Co. 1912 Self propelled, gasoline-mechanical. Buda Model 100. No air brake. Purchased new. Destroyed by the 1932 Skagway roundhouse fire.
1st 200 1st Lake Fraser W.P.&Y.R. 1902 Business car from 1902 to 1941. Passenger car from 1941 to 1954. Work Car #X16 from 1954 to 1969, but not physically renumbered. Scrapped in 1969.
1st 202 J. Hammond Car Works 1887 Combine. Originally, Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. Acquired by the White Pass in 1898. Sold to Klondike Mines Ry. in 1904 (KM #200). The K.M. Ry. was abandoned in 1913. Car destroyed by fire in the late 1940’s.
1st 204 Barney and Smith Car Company unknown See, Ex-Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. Cars, below. Car acquired by the White Pass in 1898. Sold to the Tanana Mines Ry. in 1905. The T.M. Ry. became the Tanana Valley R.R. in 1907 (TV #200). The T.V. R.R. was sold to the Alaskan Engineering Commission in 1917 (AEC #200). The A.E.C. became The Alaska Railroad in 1922 (ARR #200). The Alaska Railroad's narrow gauge branch was abandoned in 1930. Car presumed scrapped thereafter.
1st 206 J. Hammond Car Works 1887 Original owner unknown; probably Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. (C&PS #4?). See, Ex-Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. Cars, below. Car acquired by the White Pass in 1898. Sold to the Alaskan Engineering Commission in 1918. The A.E.C. became The Alaska Railroad in 1922. The Alaska Railroad's narrow gauge branch was abandoned in 1930. Car presumed scrapped thereafter.
1st 208 Billmeyer & Small Co. unknown See, Ex-Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. Cars, below. Car acquired by the White Pass in 1898. Sold to the Klondike Mines Ry. in 1904 (KM #202). The K.M. Ry. was abandoned in 1913. Car destroyed by fire in the late 1940’s.
210 Billmeyer & Small Co. 1877 ? (See, Note) Original owner unknown; probably Walla Walla & Columbia River R.R. (WW&CR Baker). If so, sold to Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. in 1881 (C&PS #3?). See, Ex-Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. Cars, below. Car acquired by the White Pass in 1898. Sold to the Tanana Mines Ry. in 1905 (TM #100). The T.M. Ry. became the Tanana Valley R.R. in 1907 (TV #204). Car wrecked in 1916.
212 unknown unknown See, Ex-Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. Cars, below. Car acquired by the White Pass in 1898. Destroyed by the 1932 Skagway roundhouse fire.
2nd 200 2nd Lake Summit W.P.&Y.R. 1992 Built up from Flat Car #497, #498, or #499. Equipped with wheelchair lift.
201 Lake Crater W.P.&Y.R. 1992 Built up from Flat Car #497, #498, or #499. Equipped with wheelchair lift.
2nd 202 Lake Bare Loon W.P.&Y.R. 1992 Built up from Flat Car #497, #498, or #499. Equipped with wheelchair lift.
203 Lake Fantail W.P.&Y.R. 1993 Built up from one of Flat Cars ##470-477. Equipped with wheelchair lift.
2nd 204 Lake Chilkoot W.P.&Y.R. 1993 Built up from one of Flat Cars ##470-477.
205 Lake Chilkat W.P.&Y.R. 1993 Built up from one of Flat Cars ##470-477.
2nd 206 Lake Nares W.P.&Y.R. 1993 Built up from one of Flat Cars ##470-477.
207 Lake Morrow W.P.&Y.R. 1994 Built up from one of Flat Cars ##470-477.
2nd 208 Lake Homan W.P.&Y.R. 1994 Built up from one of Flat Cars ##470-477.
2nd 209 Lake Bernard W.P.&Y.R. 1994 Built up from one of Flat Cars ##470-477.
211 Goat Lake American Car & Foundry Co. (St. Charles) 1918 Combine. Originally, Sumpter Valley Ry. #11. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #934). Tool car from 1943 to 1946. Turned over to the White Pass in 1946. Returned to passenger service, and cupola added in 1946 (WP&YR #211).
214 Lake Spirit J.G. Brill & Co. 1881 (circa 11-1881) Originally, Texas & St. Louis Ry. (#22 or #24). Sold to Coeur d’Alene Ry. & Navigation Co. in 1886 (CdAR&N #1 or #2). Purchased by the White Pass in 1900. Cupola added in 1971. Cupola removed in 1988.
216 Lake Black J.G. Brill & Co. 1881 (circa 11-1881) Originally, Texas & St. Louis Ry. (#22 or #24). Sold to Coeur d’Alene Ry. & Navigation Co. in 1886 (CdAR&N #1 or #2). Purchased by the White Pass in 1900. Cupola added in 1967. Cupola removed in 1996.
218 Lake Atlin Jackson & Sharp Co. 7-1881 or 7-1883 Originally, Stony Clove & Catskill Mountain R.R. (7-1881), or Kaaterskill R.R. (7-1883). Sold to F.M. Hicks & Co. (dealer) in 1900. Purchased by the White Pass in 1901. See, Oldest Operating Rolling Stock, below.
220 Lake Dewey Jackson & Sharp Co. 7-1881 or 7-1883 Originally, Stony Clove & Catskill Mountain R.R. (7-1881), or Kaaterskill R.R. (7-1883). Sold to F.M. Hicks & Co. (dealer) in 1900. Purchased by the White Pass in 1901. See, Oldest Operating Rolling Stock, below.
222 Lake Lindeman Jackson & Sharp Co. 7-1881 or 7-1883 Originally, Stony Clove & Catskill Mountain R.R. (7-1881), or Kaaterskill R.R. (7-1883). Sold to F.M. Hicks & Co. (dealer) in 1900. Purchased by the White Pass in 1901. See, Oldest Operating Rolling Stock, below.
224 Lake Marsh Jackson & Sharp Co. 7-1881 or 7-1883 Originally, Stony Clove & Catskill Mountain R.R. (7-1881), or Kaaterskill R.R. (7-1883). Sold to F.M. Hicks & Co. (dealer) in 1900. Purchased by the White Pass in 1901. See, Oldest Operating Rolling Stock, below.
226 2nd Lake Fraser W.P.&Y.R. 1903 Work car from 1960 to 1962.
228 W.P.&Y.R. 1904 Destroyed by the 1932 Skagway roundhouse fire.
1st 230 W.P.&Y.R. 1908 Open observation car from 1908 to 1921. Walled-in, in 1921. Passenger car from 1921 to 1942. Work car from 1942 to 1943. Destroyed by fire in 1943.
2nd 230 Lake Big Kalzas W.P.&Y.R. 2002 Built up from the under frame of Tank Car #68 or #70. Open observation car from 2002 to 2005. Walled-in, in 2005.
232 W.P.&Y.R. 1908 Open observation car from 1908 to 1942. Used on the Taku Tram from 1917 to 1936. Walled-in, in 1942. Work car from 1942 to 1962. Renumbered #X6 in 1947. Scrapped in 1962.
234 Lake Cowley Reno Mill & Lumber Co. 1899 Originally, Nevada-California-Oregon Ry. (#4 or #6). Purchased by the White Pass in 1916. Work car from 1945 to 1954. #X7 from 1947 to 1954. Back to Passenger Car #234 in 1954.
236 Lake Mayo Harlan & Hollingsworth Corp. 1887 Originally, South Pacific Coast R.R. #66. The S.P.C. R.R. was converted to standard gauge in 1906 and 1907. Car sold to Atlantic Equipment Co. (dealer) thereafter. Resold to Nevada-California-Oregon Ry. in 1909 (N-C-O #4 or #6). Purchased by the White Pass in 1916.
238 Lake Watson W.P.&Y.R. 1922
240 Bennett Lake St. Charles Car Co. 1884 Originally, Arizona & New Mexico Ry. #3. Sold to Coronado R.R. in 1901 (C RR #3). The Coronado R.R. was abandoned in 1923. Car resold to United Commercial Co. (dealer). Purchased by the White Pass in 1926.
242 Lake Teslin American Car & Foundry Co. (Jeffersonville) 1903 Originally, Coronado R.R. #7. The Coronado R.R. was abandoned in 1923. Car sold to United Commercial Co. (dealer). Purchased by the White Pass in 1926.
244 2nd Lake Emerald Carter Bros. Car Co. 1883 or 1884 Originally, South Pacific Coast R.R. #59. Sold to Northwestern Pacific R.R. in 1908 (NWP #731). Car purchased by the White Pass in 1927. Work car from 1960 to 1962. Converted back to passenger car in 1962 and given the name 2nd Lake Emerald.
248 Lake Tagish Harlan & Hollingsworth Corp. 1887 Originally, South Pacific Coast R.R. #65. Sold to Northwestern Pacific R.R. in 1907 (NWP #728). Car purchased by the White Pass in 1928. Used on the Taku Tram from 1928 to 1936.
250 Pullman Co. 1893 Originally, North Pacific Coast R.R. #22. The N.P.C. R.R. became the North Shore R.R. in 1902 (NS #22). N.S. R.R. merged into the Northwestern Pacific R.R. in 1907 (NWP #713). Car purchased by the White Pass in 1930. Destroyed by the 1932 Skagway roundhouse fire.
252 Lake Muncho Pullman Co. 1893 Originally, North Pacific Coast R.R. #26. The N.P.C. R.R. became the North Shore R.R. in 1902 (NS #26). N.S. R.R. merged into the Northwestern Pacific R.R. in 1907 (NWP #716). Car purchased by the White Pass in 1930.
254 Lake Dezadeash (1st Lake Emerald) Pullman Co. 1893 Originally, North Pacific Coast R.R. #27. The N.P.C. R.R. became the North Shore R.R. in 1902 (NS #27). N.S. R.R. merged into the Northwestern Pacific R.R. in 1907 (NWP #717). Car purchased by the White Pass in 1934. 1st Lake Emerald from 1950 to 1957. Work Car from 1957 to 1963. Renumbered #X18, and its use of the name Lake Emerald was discontinued in 1957. Converted back to passenger car and reassumed the #254 in 1963. However, by 1963, the name Lake Emerald had been reassigned to #244. Therefore, #254 was assigned the name Lake Dezadeash in 1963.
256 Lake LeBarge Pacific Car & Foundry Co. 1936 Purchased new.
258 Lake Kluane J. Hammond Car Works 1893 Originally, Pacific Coast Ry. #102. Purchased by the White Pass in 1937.
260 Lake Tutshi J. Hammond Car Works 1893 Originally, Pacific Coast Ry. #103. Purchased by the White Pass in 1937.
262 1st Lake Summit J. Hammond Car Works 1893 Originally, Pacific Coast Ry. #105. Purchased by the White Pass in 1939 as #105. Work car from 1939 to 1947. Renumbered #B05 in 1947. Later in 1947, converted back to a passenger car and renumbered #262. Destroyed by the 1969 Skagway roundhouse fire.
264 (246) Lake Aishihik Carter Bros. Car Co. 1885 Originally, San Joaquin & Sierra Nevada R.R. Ettie. S.J.&S.N. R.R. taken over by the Southern Pacific Co. in 1888 (SP #1101). Sold to the South Pacific Coast R.R. in 1904 (SPC #1101). Resold to Northwestern Pacific R.R. in 1908 (NWP #732). Purchased by the White Pass in 1927 as #246. Renumbered #264 in 1948.
266 Lake Schwatka American Car & Foundry Co. (St. Charles) 1918 Originally, Sumpter Valley Ry. Coach #25. Purchased by the White Pass in 1947 as #X5. Work car from 1947 to 1963. Converted back to a passenger car and renumbered #266 in 1963.
267 (1st 209) Lake Portage American Car & Foundry Co. (St. Charles) 1918 Originally, Sumpter Valley Ry. Combine #10. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #933). Tool car from 1943 to 1946. Turned over to the White Pass in 1946 as 1st #209. Returned to passenger service, and cupola added in 1946. Cupola removed, and converted to full length passenger car in 1982. Renumbered #267 in 1992.
268 Lake Lewes American Car & Foundry Co. (St. Charles) 1918 Originally, Sumpter Valley Ry. Coach #26. Converted to a combine. Purchased by the White Pass in 1947 as #X12. Work car from 1947 to 1966. Converted back to a full length passenger car and renumbered #268 in 1966.
270 Lake Kathleen J. Hammond Car Works 1893 Originally, Pacific Coast Ry. Baggage Car #201. Purchased by White Pass as Baggage Car #207 and cupola added in 1939. Cupola removed, converted to passenger car, and renumbered #270 in 1967.
272 Lake Nisutlin W.P.&Y.R. 1900 Originally, Baggage Car #203. Cupola added by 1939. Cupola removed, converted to passenger car, and renumbered #272 in 1967.
274 Lake Primrose Coast Steel Fabricators, Ltd. 1969 Purchased new.
276 1st Lake Big Salmon Coast Steel Fabricators, Ltd. 1969 Purchased new. Severely damaged by runaway work train at Skagway yard in 2004. Sold in 2005.
278 1st Lake Fairweather Coast Steel Fabricators, Ltd. 1969 Purchased new. Severely damaged by runaway work train at Skagway yard in 2004. Sold in 2005.
280 Lake Dease Coast Steel Fabricators, Ltd. 1969 Purchased new.
282 1st Lake Klukshu Coast Steel Fabricators, Ltd. 1969 Purchased new. Severely damaged by runaway work train at Skagway yard in 2004. Sold in 2005.
284 1st Lake Takhini Coast Steel Fabricators, Ltd. 1969 Purchased new. Severely damaged by runaway work train at Skagway yard in 2004. Sold in 2005.
286 Lake Kusawa Coast Steel Fabricators, Ltd. 1969 Purchased new.
288 1st Lake McClintock Coast Steel Fabricators, Ltd. 1969 Purchased new. Severely damaged by runaway work train at Skagway yard in 2004. Sold in 2005.
290 Yukon River W.P.&Y.R. 1994 Built up from one of Flat Cars ##470-477.
300 Skagway River Beartown Mechanical Design 1998 Purchased new.
302 Taiya River Beartown Mechanical Design 1998 Purchased new.
304 Copper River Beartown Mechanical Design 1998 Purchased new.
306 Stikine River Beartown Mechanical Design 1998 Purchased new.
308 Klondike River Beartown Mechanical Design 1998 Purchased new.
310 Mackenzie River Beartown Mechanical Design 1998 Purchased new.
312 Tatshenshini River Jeff Hamilton 2000 Purchased new.
314 Alsek River Jeff Hamilton 2000 Purchased new.
316 Liard River Jeff Hamilton 2000 Purchased new.
318 Taku River Jeff Hamilton 2000 Purchased new.
320 Pelly River Jeff Hamilton 2001 Purchased new.
322 Fortymile River Jeff Hamilton 2001 Purchased new.
324 Porcupine River Jeff Hamilton 2001 Purchased new.
326 Peel River Jeff Hamilton 2001 Purchased new.
328 Stewart River Jeff Hamilton 2001 Purchased new.
330 Peace River Jeff Hamilton 2001 Purchased new.
332 Lake Johns Jeff Hamilton 2004 Purchased new. Hamilton works #HA200401.
334 Thompson River Jeff Hamilton 2004 Purchased new. Hamilton works #HA200402.
336 Lake Drury Jeff Hamilton 2004 Purchased new. Hamilton works #HA200403.
338 Lake McQuesten Jeff Hamilton 2004 Purchased new. Hamilton works #HA200404.
340 Lake Finlayson Jeff Hamilton 2004 Purchased new. Hamilton works #HA200405.
342 Lake McNeil Jeff Hamilton 2004 Purchased new. Hamilton works #HA200406.
344 Lake Munroe Jeff Hamilton 2004 Purchased new. Hamilton works #HA200407.
346 Lake Pelly Jeff Hamilton 2004 Purchased new. Hamilton works #HA200408.
348 2nd Lake Klukshu Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2005 Purchased new. Hamilton works #001.
350 2nd Lake McClintock Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2005 Purchased new. Hamilton works #002.
352 2nd Lake Big Salmon Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2005 Purchased new. Hamilton works #003.
354 2nd Lake Takhini Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2005 Purchased new. Hamilton works #004.
356 2nd Lake Fairweather Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2005 Purchased new. Hamilton works #005.
358 Lake Hutshi Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2005 Purchased new. Hamilton works #006.
360 Lake Annie Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2005 Purchased new. Hamilton works #007.
362 Lake Crag Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2005 Purchased new. Hamilton works #008.
364 Lake Frances Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2005 Purchased new. Hamilton works #009.
366 Lake Choutla Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2005 Purchased new. Hamilton works #010.
368 Lake Wasson Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2007 Purchased new.
370 Lake Surprise Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2007 Purchased new.
372 Lake McConnell Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2007 Purchased new.
374 Lake Jennings Hamilton Mfg. Co. 2007 Purchased new.



Ex-Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. Cars: In addition to a combine and a baggage car, the White Pass obtained five coaches from the C.&P.S. R.R. Of those five coaches, W.P.&Y.R. #210 probably came to the C.&P.S. R.R. from the Walla Walla & Columbia River R.R. in 1881. W.P.&Y.R. 1st #206 probably was purchased new by the C.&P.S. R.R. in 1887. Regarding the remaining three coaches, the C.&P.S. R.R. appears to have inherited two of them from the Seattle & Walla Walla R.R. in 1880. The C.&P.S. R.R. appears to have inherited the remaining coach from the Olympia & Chehalis Valley R.R. in 1891. However, there is no clue as to how the latter three coaches may correspond to W.P.&Y.R. ##1st 204, 1st 208, and 212.

Oldest Operating Rolling Stock: The oldest rolling stock still operating on the White Pass is not specifically identifiable, except that it consists of two or three unspecified passenger cars among ##218, 220, 222, and 224. The build date for those two or three unspecified cars is July 1881. Three coaches were built for the Stony Clove & Catskill Mountain R.R. in July 1881. Two coaches were built for the Kaaterskill R.R. in July 1883. (The Kaaterskill R.R. was a connecting subsidiary of the S.C.&C.M. R.R. All of these coaches operated over both lines on the route between Phoenicia and South Lake, New York.) All five of these coaches were sold to F.M. Hicks & Co. in 1900. Four of the five coaches were purchased by the White Pass in 1901, becoming ##218, 220, 222, and 224. But, the correspondence of any individual car to either build date, and the correspondence of any individual car to either prior owner, are currently unknown. Click for Configuration When Delivered to the White Pass - Before Rebuilding.

Selected Other Rolling Stock

Number Type Builder Date Remarks
Baggage Cars:
X3 Baggage Car American Car & Foundry Co. (St. Charles) 1918 Originally, Sumpter Valley Ry. #5. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #932). Turned over to the White Pass in 1946 (#X3). Used as a tool car by both the Army and by the White Pass. Scrapped in 1971.
2nd 201 Baggage Car W.P.&Y.R. 1900 Destroyed in a runaway in 1938.
203 Baggage Car W.P.&Y.R. 1900 Cupola added by 1939. Cupola removed, converted to passenger car, and renumbered #272 in 1967.
205 (1st 201) Baggage Car unknown by 1888 Ex-Columbia & Puget Sound R.R. Acquired in 1898 as 1st #201. Renumbered #205 in 1900 to clear the old number for 2nd #201. Destroyed in a wreck in 1943.
207 Baggage Car J. Hammond Car Works 1893 Originally, Pacific Coast Ry. #201. Purchased by the White Pass and cupola added in 1939. Cupola removed, converted to passenger car, and renumbered #270 in 1967.
Freight Cars Dedicated to Baggage Service:
479 Flat Car with Deck and Retaining Railings National Steel Car Corp. 1969 Originally, container flat car with no deck. Deck and retaining railings added in 1990’s for use in baggage service.
704 Boxcar Colorado & Southern Ry. 1909 Originally, C.&S. Ry. #8197. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #232908). Turned over to the White Pass in 1946 (#704). In baggage service from 1967 to 1978. Repainted from brick red (freight car color) to green (passenger car color) in 1967. Scrapped in 1978.
708 Boxcar Colorado & Southern Ry. 1910 Originally, C.&S. Ry. #8336. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #232914). Turned over to the White Pass in 1946 (#708). Served as a wash & shower work car from 1960 until about 1970. Served as a tool car from about 1970 to 1982. In baggage service in 1982. Repainted from brick red (freight car color) to green (passenger car color) in 1982. Back to tool car service beginning in 1988.
718 Boxcar Colorado & Southern Ry. 1910 Originally, C.&S. Ry. #8365. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #232920). Turned over to the White Pass in 1946 (#718). In baggage service from 1967 to 1978. Repainted from brick red (freight car color) to green (passenger car color) in 1967. Sold in 1978. Remains subsequently existed in Skagway, Alaska.
742 Boxcar Colorado & Southern Ry. 1910 Originally, C.&S. Ry. #8313. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #232943). Turned over to the White Pass in 1946 (#742). Retired in 1977. Reactivated in 1982. In baggage service beginning in 1982. Repainted from brick red (freight car color) to green (passenger car color) in 1982.
Post-1947 Cabooses:
858 Cupola Caboose Colorado & Southern Ry. 1909 or 1910 Originally, C.&S. Ry. boxcar. Purchased by U.S. Army in 1943. Converted to caboose by Chicago Freight Car Parts Co. in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #90858). Renumbered #858 in 1944. Retired in 1946. Sold to the White Pass in 1947 (WP&YR #858). Cut down and restored to service as a flat car in 1960 (#871). Scrapped in 1978.
3rd 901 Extended Vision Caboose W.P.&Y.R. 1972
2nd 903 Extended Vision Caboose W.P.&Y.R. 1969 Sold to Midwest Central R.R. in 1991 (White Pass #903).
1st 905 (2nd 901) Cupola Caboose W.P.&Y.R. 1899 Originally, Stock Car #703. Converted to cupola caboose in 1901, and given #901, in spite of the fact that there already was a small caboose occupying that number. Renumbered 1st #905 in 1906. Sold in 1952 to a private party who used car as a shed in Skagway, Alaska.
2nd 905 Extended Vision Caboose W.P.&Y.R. 1968 Sold to U.S. Forest Service and became U.S.F.S. shelter at Denver, Alaska in 1994.
907 Cupola Caboose W.P.&Y.R. 1939 Configured with platform at one end only, for use with rotary snowplows. Destroyed by the 1969 Skagway roundhouse fire.
909 Cupola Caboose with Flanger Colorado & Southern Ry. 1910 Originally, C.&S. Ry. boxcar. Purchased by U.S. Army in 1943. Converted to caboose-flanger by Chicago Freight Car Parts Co. in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #90857). Renumbered #857 in 1944. Turned over to the White Pass in 1946 (WP&YR #909). Retired and put on display at Bennett, British Columbia in 1968. Moved to Skagway Shops in 1990. Restored to service in 1998.
1st 911 Cupola Caboose Union Pacific R.R. 1927 Originally, Sumpter Valley Ry. #3. Purchased by the U.S. Army in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #911). Retired in 1946. Sold to the White Pass in March 1947 (WP&YR 1st #911). Resold later in 1947 to a private party who used car as a shed in Skagway, Alaska. Returned to S.V. Ry. in 1991 (SV #3). Restored to operation in 2006.
2nd 911 (861) Cupola Caboose Colorado & Southern Ry. 1910 Originally, C.&S. Ry. boxcar. Purchased by U.S. Army in 1943. Converted to caboose by Chicago Freight Car Parts Co. in 1943 for use on the White Pass (USA #90861). Renumbered #861 in 1944. Sold to the White Pass in 1947 (WP&YR #861). Work car from 1955 to 1967. Renumbered #X14 in 1955. Named Katler’s Castle while in work service. Returned to caboose service and renumbered 2nd #911 in 1967. Retired in 1972.
3rd 911 (913) Extended Vision Caboose International Car Co. 1968 Originally, standard gauge car, Great Northern Ry. #X-118. Became Burlington Northern R.R. #10078 in 1970. Became BNSF Ry. #10078 in 1995. Purchased by the White Pass in 2000 as #913, and converted to 3-foot gauge. Renumbered 3rd #911 in 2003.
Rotary Snowplows:
1 Rotary Snowplow Cooke Locomotive & Machine Works 1899 Purchased new. Cooke works #56. Retired in 1962. Put on display at Bennett, British Columbia in 1968. Put on display at Skagway Shops in 1990. Restored to service in 1995.
2 Rotary Snowplow Cooke Locomotive & Machine Works 1900 Purchased new. Cooke works #61. Retired in 1963. Sold to Sumpter Valley Ry. in 1977. Put on display at Breckenridge, Colorado in 1989 (Denver, Leadville & Gunnison 01 [fantasy designation]).
3 (USA 980) Rotary Snowplow Cooke Locomotive & Machine Works 1889 Originally, Denver & Rio Grande R.R. #2. Cooke works #25. Re-designated D.&R.G. R.R. ON in 1907. Became Denver & Rio Grande Western R.R. ON in 1921. Purchased by U.S. Army in 1942 for use on the White Pass (USA #980). “U.S.A. 980” stenciling added, but “ON” stenciling not painted over. Re-designated U.S.A. #3 in 1943, but not so physically renumbered. Sold to the White Pass and retired in 1947 (WP&YR #3). Not physically renumbered by the White Pass; exterior continued to bear “U.S.A. 980” and “ON.” Placed as riprap along the Skagway River in 1967.
Post-1947 Ballast Equipment:
26-3 Ballast Regulator Kershaw Mfg. Co. 1989 Self propelled, 185 H.P. Diesel. Purchased new. Kershaw Model 26-3-1, works #C26-108.
640 to 647 (8 cars) Multi-Service Cars (Ballast Cars) Canadian Car & Foundry Co. 1959 Multi-service cars, characterized by two (2) parallel rows of longitudinal hopper bays, meaning that the hopper bays parallel the rails instead of being perpendicular to the rails. Each of the rows consists of two bays, for a total of four hopper bays. Each hopper bay has two doors which pivot from the bottom, instead of from the top. Each of the eight doors may be separately controlled and adjusted. This arrangement enables the ballast flow to be controlled or stopped. Nos. 640-647 originally 42-inch gauge, Canadian National Rys. (Newfoundland) ##6755-6786 series. #642 (#6765 or #6785); #643 (#6786); #644 (#6758); #645 (#6768); #646 (#6772); #647 (#6784). Purchased by the White Pass and converted to 3-foot gauge in 1990.
1st 650 to 655 (6 cars) Center Dump Cars Kilbourne & Jacobs Co. 1915 Single longitudinal hopper. Originally, Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting & Power Co. Purchased by the White Pass in 1940 as ##850-855. Renumbered ##1st 650-655 in 1960. Disposed of in 1971 or 1972.
2nd 650 to 655; 656 and 657 (8 cars) Side Dump Cars Eastern Car Co. 1958 Air dump. Bin floor may pivot at either side. As the bin floor pivots, the contents of the bin slide in the direction of the side that is pivoting. The side of the bin in the direction of the flow then drops, pivoting at its bottom. Large rock then slides across the “dropped side” and is propelled away from the track. Originally 42-inch gauge, Canadian National Rys. (Newfoundland) ##15000-15019 series. Purchased by White Pass and converted to 3-foot gauge in 1988.
661 to 665 (5 cars) Side Dump Cars Pacific Car & Foundry Co. 1940 Ralston-type drop-bottom. Purchased new. Originally, ##801-805. Renumbered ##861-865 in 1947. Renumbered ##661-665 in 1960. #661 sold to Sumpter Valley Ry. in 1985. #662 sold to S.V. Ry. in 1991. #663 sold to S.V. Ry. in 1991 and resold back to White Pass in 2005. #664 sold to S.V. Ry. in 1991. #665 put on display at Skagway, Alaska in 1991.
670 to 684 (15 cars) Center Dump Cars East Broad Top R.R. & Coal Co. 1917 to 1927 Uncontrollable, laterally disposed hoppers; not as suitable for ballast service as ##640-647. Nos. 670-684 originally E.B.T.R.R.&C.Co. ##811-1073 series. #670 (#999); #672 (#1029); #674 (#1038); #679 (#1047); #680 (#1024); #682 (#1072); #683 (#960); #684 (#976). Purchased by the White Pass in 1968. #677 scrapped in 1974. #675 scrapped between 1975 & 1977. Remaining 13 cars retired in 1990. ##672, 673, 674, 679, 680, 682, and 683 sold to Sumpter Valley Ry. in 1991. S.V. Ry. scrapped #673. #676 sold to Lahaina, Kaanapali & Pacific R.R. in 1995.
2067 Ballast Tamper Canron, Inc. (Harsco Corp. since 1992) 1975 Self propelled, 97 H.P. Diesel. Purchased new. Canron Model VPSJW, works #4370977.
2154 Track Liner Fairmont Railway Motors, Inc. (Harsco Corp. since 1979) 1975 Self propelled, 97 H.P. Diesel. Purchased new. Fairmont Model W111-B-2, works #240128.
2400 Ballast Tamper & Track Liner Pandrol Jackson, Inc. (Harsco Corp. since 1999) 1995 Self propelled, 100 H.P. Diesel-hydraulic. Purchased new. Pandrol Jackson Model 2400, works #151967.



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