In Freudian psychoanalytic theory, one of the three aspects of the human personality, along with the id and the ego. The last of the three elements to develop, the superego is the ethical component of the personality, providing the moral standards by which the ego operates. The superego is formed during the first five years of life in response to parental punishment and approval; children internalize their parents' moral standards as well as those of the surrounding society, and the developing superego serves to control aggressive or other socially unacceptable impulses. Violation of the superego's standards gives rise to feelings of guilt or anxiety.
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Conscience as the Reappearance of the Other in Self-Experience: On Using the Concepts Superego and Conscience in Self Psychology
Jan 01, 2004; Many self-psychologically oriented psychoanalysts regard the traditional psychoanalytic construct of a psychic authority situated...