The Phoolka family had descended from the celebrated Phool, their eponym, from whom descended the rulers of Patiala , Jind , Nabha as well as the Chiefs of Bhadaur, Malaudh and Badrukhan and the Sardars of Juindan, Laudhgarh, Dyalpura, Rampura and Kot Duna. The early progenitors of the Phoolka House were scions of the Princely Rajput family of Jaisulmer who left their desert homes around the time of Rai Pithora and established themselves around the country of Hisar, Sirsa and Bhatner. Maharaja Ala Singh of Patiala descended from Phool and to his genius must be ascribed the remarkable and rapid rise of the family in the first stages of its history. The Phoolka Sardars trace their genealogy from the Raja of Jaisalmer Rawal Jaisal , Yadu Bhatti Rajput of Chandra Vanshi clan and descendants of Lord Krishna, Avatar of Lord Vishnu.
The Guru Har Rai had blessed him thus: You feel’eth hunger now, worry no more...your house shall be a very big Charity House ....donating and feeding many…….the horses of you Armies shall graze in grasslands spanning the area between the Yamuna and Sutlej and the prophecy of the Guru was fulfilled.
The sons of Phool, Tilok Singh and Ram Singh were blessed with Khande da Pahul by Guru Gobind Singh himself at Damdama Sahib. Guru Gobind Singh in a Hukamnama (royal edict) addressed to the two sons of Phool, Rama & Tiloka on 2nd August, 1696 , called upon them for aid in his fight with the Hill Rajas proclaiming " tera ghar mera asey " meaning Your House is My Own bestowing special status on the HOUSE of PHOOL. It is said that it is because of this blessing from Guru Sahib that the other 11 Misls never attacked the Phulkian States despite some provocations. They were blessed with the Apaar kirpa of Guru Gobind Singh evidence of which can be seen in the Patiala Hukumnama sent by Guru Sahib in 1696 A.D. Its translation into English reads:
There is one God. The Guru is great. It is the order of the Guru. Bhai Rama and Bhai Tiloka, the Guru will protect all. You are required to come with your contingent. I am much pleased with you. Your house is my own. On seeing this letter you should come in my presence. Your house is my refuge. You should come to me immediately.On seeing this letter you should arrive with horsemen. You must come. A Sirpau (robe of honour or Jorra) for you is being sent . Keep it with you. Bhadson 2 Samat 1653 Bikrami
This was the initiation of the prestigious Sikh Sirpau or Siropa, as it is popularly known. Bhai Tiloka and Bhai Rama had been the most ardent devotees of Guru Gobind Singh and had won Guruji's favour by showing extraordinary valour in battles and were baptised by Guruji himself at Damdama Sahib.
Patriarch of the Yadu Race of Chandra Vanshi Clan. Espoused Ella, a princess of Surya race.
Rajput King of the Yadu race and founder of Mathura which remained their seat of power. Had issue:
Founded Dwarka (computed by Historians to be about 1100 years before Christ). Exterminated in the conflict of Dwarka. Had eight wives.
Son of Hari & Rookhmani (his first wife). Married a princess of Bidarba who bore him two sons: (i) ANURAD (ii) BUJRA
Had issue two sons: (i) NABA (ii) KHIRA
Yadu Rajput King of Mathura & Dwarka. Son of Burja Chandra Vanshi (Lunar Clan). Compelled to flee to Marusthali (conjectured to be Merv, now a part of Iran) from Dwarka by other Rajput tribes long subjugated by the Yadus. Had issue:
Espoused Kamlavati, his chief queen daughter of Vijaya Sinh, Prince of Malwa who bore him one son Bahu (meaning strong).
Died by a fall from his horse. Had issue:
Married daughter of Raja Mund Chauhan of Ajmer who bore him a son Rijh but poisoned and killed her husband.
Ruled Marusthali (Land of The Dead in Sanskrit) for twelve years. Married Soobhag Sundri, daughter of Ber Sinh Prince of Malwa. Invaded & vanquished Farid Shah of Khorasan (Persia, Iran) who lost 30,000 men and Raja Rijh lost 4,000 in two battles. Had issue:
Occupied Ghazni, Afghanistan making it his stronghold. Married Hansavati, daughter of Judbhan. Erected a huge fortress amidst the mountains and called it Gujni after himself as foretold by the Guardian Goddess of the Yadu race. Lost Ghazni to Khorasan who held it for sometime.Fought a fierce battle with Shah of Khorasan Shah Mamraiz & Sekander Roomi resulting in the destruction of thirty two thousand men.Conquered all the countries to the west. Invaded Kandrupkel in Kashmir and later married the daughter of its Prince by whom he had a son, Salbahan
Driven out from Ghazni by Mamnenez, King of Khorasan. Married daughter of Jaipal Tuar of Delhi. Had fifteen sons; all went on to be Rajas & set up their own Kingdoms. Conquered Punjab & established his capital at Sialkot.Expelled from Kabul but returned to defeat the Indo-Scythians in a decisive battle at Kohror near Multan and regained Ghazni.Established the Saka era from the date of battle & assumed title of Sakari (foe-of-the-Sakas)Founded city of Salabhana near Lahore in S.V.72. His eldest son was Baland.
Left Ghazni to the charge of his grandson, Chakito who later became King of Baloch Bukhara from whom descended the Chakito Mughals. Shifted his capital to Salbahanpur and had issue seven sons.Invaded by the Kings of Syria & Khorasan but repulsed their attacks. Kullar, his third son had eight sons most of whom embraced Islam. Jinj, his fourth son had seven sons.
Succeeded his father Baland.Changed the patronymic of Yadu to Bhatti and thenceforth known as Bhatti Rajputs. Conquered fourteen Princes around his Kingdom and added to his fortunes. Held court at Lahore. Had issue two sons: (i) MANGAL RAO (ii) MUSUR RAO
Pushed back by King of Ghazni, Dhundi.Moved to Mer with his tribe (in the Great Indian Thar Desert). Had issue six sons: (i) MAJAM RAO (ii) KULURSI (iii) MOOLRAJ (iv) SEORAJ (v) BHUL (vi) KEWALA
Solemnized marriage with daughter of Soda prince of Amerkote.Laid the foundation of a castle across the Sutlej and named it Tannote after Tunna Mata but died before its completion. Had issue three sons: (i) KEHAR (ii) MOOLRAJ (iii) GOGLI
Married daughter of Allansi Deora of Jhallore. Renowned for his exploits. Invaded the Barahas in 730 A.D. In 731 A.D.,completed the construction of fort at Tanote making it his capital. Had issue five sons: (i) TUNNO (ii) OTIRAO (iii) CHUNNUR (iv) KAFRIO (v) THAEM
Found hidden treasure & erected a fortress naming it Bijnot in A.D.757 in Cholistan Desert S.787 Died after a reign of eighty years.
Succeeded Tunno in 814 A.D. Engaged in continual feud with the Langahas & Barahas whom he plundered. Later, Bijirao & eight hundred of his kin and Clan treacherously massacred by his enemies. 336 Bikrami Sambat
Escaped to Boota, his maternal abode after the carnage. Founded Hanumangarh (then Bhatner in Rajasthan) Ruled 853-908 A.D.. Was the first to take the title of Rawal (King) Founded the city of Dera Rawal and Derawar Fort in 853 A.D. Conquered Lodorva from Lodra Rajputs in 9th century (Rajasthan). Excavated several lakes in Khadal including Tunnosirr and Deosirr.Slain by Choona Rajputs while on a hunt having reigned for fifty five years. Had two sons: (i) MUNDH (ii) CHEDU
Ruled 908-979 A.D. Had issue:
Married daughter of Raja Ballab Sen Solanki of Patan in 1011 A.D. Ruled 979-1044. Founded Bhatinda in 965 A.D. (then known as Tabarhindh). In 1008 A.D., tributary of King Anandapal of Delhi. Invaded by Mahmud. Had issue five sons: (i) DOOSAJ (ii) SINGH (iii) BAPIRAO (iv) ANKHO (v) MALPASAO
King of Laudorva (Rajasthan) Ruled 1044-1123 A.D. Had issue:
Ruled 1123-1148 A.D. Had issue two sons: (i) JAISAL (ii) VIJAYRAJ (Lanjha )
Ruled 1153-1168 A.D. Founded the Golden City of Jaisalmer in 1156 A.D., fulfilling the prophecy of Lord Krishna, the head of Yadav Clan, who foretold Arjuna that his descendent would build his kingdom atop the Trikuta Hill. He was later driven from his kingdom by a rebellion and wandered northwards to settle near Hissar. Had issue four sons: (i) Rawal SALVAHAN II Coronated in 1168 A.D. JAISALMER STATE (Bhatti ) Throne usurped by his son Bijil (ii) Rawal KALHAN Coronated in 1190 (iii) RAI HEMHAL (Hemraj) (iv) PEM
Born 1150 A.D. Sacked Hisar in 1180. Supported Mohammed of Ghor when he invaded India. Sacked and overran the country up to Delhi, but was repulsed by Altamash.Subsequently, in 1212, made Governor of Sirsa & Bhatinda country by Shams-Ud-Din Altamash, the third Tartar King of Delhi. Ousted the Panwar Rajputs from the area of Muktsar. Died 1219 A.D
Had issue twenty one sons; Batera being the eldest.
Having rebelled against the Mohammedan Sovereign of Delhi,was beheaded at Jaisalmer.
Built Khiva Khota. Sank to the status of a Jat by contracting marriage with Rajo,a Saräo-Basehrä lady from Neli Dulkot of ordinary class. Had issue:
Born 1250. Also ancestor of Sidhu Jats. Fell into poverty and obscurity. Had issue four sons: (i) DHAR (Debi ) Kaithal Jhumba Arnauli Sadhowal (ii) BHUR (iii) SUR (iv) RUPACH
Had issue two sons : (i) SIDTILKARA became an ascetic. (ii) SATRACH (Satra )
Had issue two sons: (i) JERTHA (ii) LAKUMBA . LAKUMBA had one son HARI who is the ancestor of Attari & Harike families.
A known marauder and warrior. Also ancestor of Brar Jats. Regained Bathinda after defeating the Bhattis. He also rebelled against the Delhi government.Made Bidowali in Bathinda his stronghold. He and his men attacked Timur near Tohana during Timur's terrible raid on Northern India in 1398 A.D. resulting in heavy losses. Died 1415 in Bidowali. Had two sons: (i) PAUR (ii) DHUL ancestor of Faridkot Royal family
Had issue three sons: (i) BAHO (ii) MEHNA (iii) KILJA
Granted the title of Chaudhary by Emperor Babar in 1526 and Chaudhriyat of the waste country south-west of Delhi which was reconfirmed by Emperor Humāyūn in 1554.Helped Humāyūñ in his final victory against Sikandar Shāh Sur in 1555.Fell fighting the Mohammedan Bhattis, their traditional foes along with Suttoh,his grandson and only son of Mehraj. Died 1560 A.D. Had issue two sons: (i) Ch. MEHRAJ (Maharaj ) (ii) GERAJ
Succeeded his father Bariyam as Chaudhary & engaged in warfare with the Bhattis. Had issue:
Died 1560. Had issue three sons: (i) Ch.PUKKOH (Pakhu ) (ii) LUKHA (iii) CHAHA
Killed fighting at Bhidowal. Had issue two sons: (i) Ch. MOHAN (ii) HABBAL
Fell into arrears with the Government & compelled to flee to Hansi and Hisar . Returned with a considerable force and defeated the Bhattis at Bhidowal.Founded Mehraj on the advice of Sixth Guru Hargobind naming it after his great-grandfather. Killed along with his son Rup Chand in a skirmish with Bhattis in 1618 A.D. Had issue two sons: (i) Ch. RUP CHAND (ii) Ch. KALA
Died 1618. Killed by the Bhattis. Had issue two sons: (i) PHOOL (ii) SANDALI Kala succeeded to the Chaudriyat after the death of his brother and became the guardian of his two sons Phool & Sandali.
1603-1652 Fought for Sixth Guru Hargobind against Mohammedan Delhi Sovereign in War of Gurusar 1635 A.D. & emerged victorious. The Guru blessed Phool and is said to have told him that he would make a King. The Guru Har Rai also blessed him and proclaimed that his descendants shall rule the entire area between the Yamuna and Sutlej.
Founded Rampura Phul in 1627 (now in Distt.Bhatinda). He was often in conflict with local chiefs which enraged the Governor of Sirhind who summoned him and put him behind bars.Received royal firman from Emperor Shah Jahan and Prophecy of Guru was to be fulfilled. Killed by accident after feigning death in funeral pyre to escape imprisonment in 1652 A.D.
Had issue six sons:
(i) Ch.TILOKA Died 1705. Ancestor of Nabha, Jind & Badrukhan.
(ii) Ch.RAMA Died 1714. Ancestor of Bhadaur, Patiala ,Malaudh & Kot Duna.
(iii) RUGHU Ancestor of Laudgarhias
(iv) CHANNU (v) JHANDU (vi) TAKHT MAL Gumti Jagirdars
Appellation of dynasty ‘Phoolkian’ is derived from their common founder Phool whose descendants were the great ruling & feudal families known as Phoolkian Chiefs who used Phoolkian from Phool, as their eponym.
Successfully raided the Bhattis and others including Hassan Khan & Muslim chief of Kot. Captured Kot and Bhatîân. Obtained the intendancy of the Jangal tract from Mohameddan Governor of Sirhind. Choudhary Ram Singh founded Bhai Rupa in 1680 and built Rampur. Rama & Tiloka were baptized with Khande da amrit at the hands of the Tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh at Damdama Sahib.
Guru Gobind Singh in a self written Hukamnama addressed to the two sons of Phool, Rama & Tiloka on 2nd August, 1696 called upon them for help in his fight with the Hill Rajas proclaiming “ tera ghar mera asey .”
Rama & Tiloka later helped Bandā Singh Bahādur with men and money in his early exploits (1710-16)Rama was killed at Maler Kotla in 1714.
Married Sabi daughter of Bhuttar zamindar of Nanun who bore him six sons:
The Bhadour Chiefs sat in Durbar as feudatories of Pattiala; the Badrukhan Chiefs of Jhind, and the Malaudh Sirdars as British Jagirdar Chiefs.