Sulphur (Soufre) is a city in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 22,512 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Lake Charles Metropolitan Statistical Area.
In late September 2005, Hurricane Rita
made landfall on the Texas-Louisiana border, damaging thousands of homes and businesses in Calcasieu and the surrounding parishes, as well as most of Southern Louisiana and Texas mostly Louisiana. Calcasieu Parish, along with Cameron Parish was extensively damaged by the hurricane.
Sulphur is located at (30.230355, -93.360837) and has an elevation of .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.0 square miles (26.0 km²), all of it land.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 22,512 people, 7,901 households, and 5,601 families residing in the city. The population density
was 2,043.0 people per square mile (788.8/km²). There were 8,665 housing units at an average density of 863.0/sq mi (333.2/km²).
The racial makeup of the city was 93.43% White, 4.41% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population.
There were 7,901 households, out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,247, and the median income for a family was $45,455. Males had a median income of $38,235 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,615. About 7.5% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.
Notable natives and residents
- Grady A. Dugas, M.D. (1923-2007), a 1941 graduate of Sulphur High School, practiced medicine for four decades in Union Parish. He invented an improved wheelchair locks/brake system.
- Casey Daigle, baseball pitcher in the Minnesota Twins organization and husband of softball star Jennie Finch. He graduated from Sulphur High School.
- Michael Durham, born in Sulphur, was an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Johnny Grunge. He has held the ECW and WCW tag titles with his partner, Rocco Rock, together known as The Public Enemy.
- Rich Ellender, professional football player. Spent one season with the Houston Oilers, which drafted him in the ninth round of the 1979 NFL Draft.
- Herman Frasch, inventor of the "Frasch Method" of mining sulphur, was head of Union Sulphur Company, whose headquarters were at the Sulphur Mines, a company town just west of present-day Sulphur. Herman Frasch Elementary School is named after him.
- Claude Kirkpatrick (1917-1997), lived in Sulphur in late 1930s before moving to Jennings, where he served in the Louisiana House of Representatives, 1952-1960
- Edith Killgore Kirkpatrick (b. 1918), lived in Sulphur in late 1930s before moving to Jennings; member of Louisiana Board of Regents, 1978-1990
- Janice Lynde, from Sulphur, was an original cast member of the CBS soap opera "The Young & The Restless", playing Leslie Brooks. She also appeared on "Another World", "One Life To Live", and most recently on HBO's "Six Feet Under".
- Howie Simon, Hollywood publicist, was raised in Sulphur. He represents many stars of daytime TV, especially from "Days of our Lives", and has worked with Grammy-winning singer Gloria Gaynor, Chad Michael Murray, Chris Tucker, Tommy Davidson, Susan Ward, Nadia Bjorlin, and many others.
- Martin Zeno, professional basketball player. Starred under coach Bobby Knight at Texas Tech University before signing to play with the Los Angeles Lakers NBA Summer League team after the 2007-08 season.