sulfide mineral

sulfide mineral

or sulphide mineral

Pyrite from Butte, Mont.

Any member of a group of compounds of sulfur with one or more metals. The metals that occur most commonly are iron, copper, nickel, lead, cobalt, silver, and zinc. They are the ore minerals of most metals used by industry (e.g., antimony, bismuth, copper, lead, nickel, and zinc). Other industrially important metals such as cadmium and selenium occur in trace amounts in numerous common sulfides and are recovered in refining processes.

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A sulfide mineral is a mineral containing sulfide (S2-) as the major anion. Sulfides are economically important as metal ores. The sulfide class also includes the selenides, the tellurides, the arsenides, the antimonides, the bismuthinides, and the sulfosalts (sulfur and a second anion such as arsenic).

Common or important examples include: sulfides:

Arsenides:

Antimonides:

Tellurides:

Sulfosalts:

References

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