is a town
. Its population
Suhl sits on the south edge of the Suhler Scholle,
an upthrust granite
complex that is streaked by numerous dikes
. This is part of the Ruhla-Schleusingen Horst
that defines the southwest side of the Thuringian Forest
. The southwest side of the Suhler Scholle
abuts horizontal sedimentary
from the Triassic
era) over Zechstein
deposits from the Permian
era). The granite
of the Suhler Scholle
is capped with permian sediments and igneous
deposits. The higher hills to the northeast are part of the Beerberg Scholle
, an irregularly cracked mass of quartz porphyry
from the later Permian era.
A band of iron ores follows the fault dividing the Suhler Scholle from the sedimentary rocks to the Southwest, while the copper and silver deposits are to the northeast in the permian deposits above the Suhler Scholle. Southeast of town, there is a significant uranium deposit in the Buntsandstein.
First appearance in 1318. From 1365 the coat of arms shows two hammers indicating the city's most important livelihood: metal processing. City rights were granted (confirmed) in 1527.
Suhl was capital of the south-western GDR district "Bezirk Suhl" from 1952 till 1990.
The metal processing of Suhl naturally led, during the Renaissance
, to other major local industries, including gunsmithing and armoring. Suhl was a major producer of cannons throughout the seventeenth and subsequent centuries, and Suhl cannons were used by many European powers. A major arms company that was located in Suhl for almost 200 years was J.P. Sauer und Sohn GmbH
, producer of hunting rifles, shotguns, and pistols such as the Sauer 38H
until moving operations to Eckernförde
at the end of WWII.
During the Cold War, the East German national shooting arena was located at Suhl and hosted many top-level competitions including the 1986 ISSF World Championships. Although surpassed in this respect in the unified Germany by the Olympic shooting centre at Munich, Suhl remains an important place to the sport. It hosts Germany's only school for armorers and a well equipped museum of weapons.
Suhl became famous after division for building the Simson moped.
, Suhl is the location of the yearly Eurofurence