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Suhl

Suhl

Suhl, city (1994 pop. 52,386), Thuringia, central Germany. It is an industrial city manufacturing precision instruments, machinery, sporting guns, tools, electrical appliances, toys, porcelain, and motor vehicles. First mentioned in the 13th cent., Suhl was a noted center of the German arms industry in the Thirty Years War (1618-48). From 1952 until shortly before German reunification in 1990, Suhl was also the name given to the district surrounding the city, of which the city was the capital.
Suhl is a town in Thuringia, Germany. Its population in 2003 was 43,610.

Geography

Suhl sits on the south edge of the Suhler Scholle, an upthrust granite complex that is streaked by numerous dikes. This is part of the Ruhla-Schleusingen Horst that defines the southwest side of the Thuringian Forest. The southwest side of the Suhler Scholle abuts horizontal sedimentary layers, Buntsandstein (sandstone from the Triassic era) over Zechstein (evaporite deposits from the Permian era). The granite of the Suhler Scholle is capped with permian sediments and igneous deposits. The higher hills to the northeast are part of the Beerberg Scholle, an irregularly cracked mass of quartz porphyry from the later Permian era.

A band of iron ores follows the fault dividing the Suhler Scholle from the sedimentary rocks to the Southwest, while the copper and silver deposits are to the northeast in the permian deposits above the Suhler Scholle. Southeast of town, there is a significant uranium deposit in the Buntsandstein.

History

First appearance in 1318. From 1365 the coat of arms shows two hammers indicating the city's most important livelihood: metal processing. City rights were granted (confirmed) in 1527.

Suhl was capital of the south-western GDR district "Bezirk Suhl" from 1952 till 1990.

Weapon industry

The metal processing of Suhl naturally led, during the Renaissance, to other major local industries, including gunsmithing and armoring. Suhl was a major producer of cannons throughout the seventeenth and subsequent centuries, and Suhl cannons were used by many European powers. A major arms company that was located in Suhl for almost 200 years was J.P. Sauer und Sohn GmbH, producer of hunting rifles, shotguns, and pistols such as the Sauer 38H until moving operations to Eckernförde at the end of WWII.

During the Cold War, the East German national shooting arena was located at Suhl and hosted many top-level competitions including the 1986 ISSF World Championships. Although surpassed in this respect in the unified Germany by the Olympic shooting centre at Munich, Suhl remains an important place to the sport. It hosts Germany's only school for armorers and a well equipped museum of weapons.

Suhl became famous after division for building the Simson moped.

Events

Since 2007, Suhl is the location of the yearly Eurofurence convention.

See also

References

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