The Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals
and often shortened to Uniform Requirements
) is a set of guidelines produced by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, for standardising the ethics
, preparation and formatting of manuscripts
submitted for publication by biomedical
journals. Compliance with the Uniform Requirements
is required by most leading biomedical journals and over 629 journals internationally (circa June 2006) follow the Uniform Requirements
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) was originally known as the Vancouver Group, after the location of their first meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia
. Current members of the ICMJE are:
The citation style currently recommended by the Uniform Requirements, also known as the Vancouver system, is the ANSI style used by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM).
References are numbered consecutively in order of appearance in the text – they are identified by Arabic numerals enclosed in parentheses.
Example of a journal citation:
- Leurs R, Church MK, Taglialatela M. H1-antihistamines: inverse agonism, anti-inflammatory actions and cardiac effects. Clin Exp Allergy 2002 Apr;32(4):489-98.