is a town in Worcester County
, United States
. It is home to Old Sturbridge Village living history museum
and other sites of historical interest such as Tantiusques
and the Crowd Site
The population was 7,837 at the 2000 census. For geographic and demographic information on specific parts of the town of Sturbridge, please see the articles on Fiskdale and Sturbridge (CDP).
Sturbridge was first settled in 1729, by settlers from Medfield
, and was officially incorporated in 1738. New Medfield and Dummer (after Governor William Dummer
) were considered as town names, before the town was named after Stourbridge
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of 39.0 square miles
), of which, 37.4 square miles (96.9 km²) of it is land and 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²) of it (3.95%) is water. Sturbridge is bordered by Charlton
to the east, Union
to the south, Brimfield
to the west, and Brookfield
and East Brookfield
to the north.
U.S. Route 20 runs through Sturbridge, and the junction of Interstate 90 (the Massachusetts Turnpike) and Interstate 84 is located there. The Wilbur Cross Highway (Connecticut Route 15) formerly ended in Sturbridge; locals sometimes call Haynes Street "Old Route 15". Haynes Street ends at Main Street (Massachusetts Route 131), which connects Sturbridge Center with Southbridge; on the west side of town, Massachusetts Route 148 connects Fiskdale with Brookfield.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 7,837 people, 3,066 households, and 2,213 families residing in the town. The population density
was 209.5 people per square mile (80.9/km²). There were 3,335 housing units at an average density of 89.1/sq mi (34.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.14% White
, 0.36% Black
or African American
, 0.27% Native American
, 1.14% Asian
, 0.09% Pacific Islander
, 0.31% from other races
, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.30% of the population.
There were 3,066 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $56,519, and the median income for a family was $64,455. Males had a median income of $50,168 versus $31,940 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,559. About 4.5% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
Burgess Elementary School, serving grades K-6, is one of three public schools in Sturbridge. It has its own school committee
, part of School Union 61. Sturbridge students also attend Tantasqua Regional Junior High School (grades 7-8) and Tantasqua Regional High School
, in the Fiskdale section of town. Union 61 and the Tantasqua district share administrators, including the superintendent, and both include Brimfield
, Sturbridge and Wales
Places of interest
Old Sturbridge Village
, located on Route 20
, is a living museum
that re-creates life in rural New England during the 1830s.
Wells State Park, a 1,400-acre (5.7 km²) woodland park and campground, located on Route 49. The park features 10 miles (16 km) of trails and Walker Pond, which offers a setting for fishing, canoeing, and swimming.