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strangler fig

strangler fig

strangler fig, common name for a number of tropical plant species, most of them are in the family Moraceae (fig family). They include the golden fig, Ficus aurea, of the SE United States. The name strangler fig is used for a number of tropical vines that grow on other plants, often growing over other trees, strangling them, and eventually becoming trees themselves.

Strangler Fig is the common name for a number of tropical plant species, including some banyans and unrelated vines, namely:

They all share a common "strangling" growth habit that is found in many tropical forest species, particularly of the genus Ficus.This growth habit is an adaptation for growing in dark forests where the competition for light is intense. This plant generally grows in Florida and the Bahamas. These plants begin life as epiphytes, when their seeds, often bird-dispersed, germinate in crevices atop other trees. These seedlings grow their roots downward and envelope the host tree while also growing upward to reach into the sunlight zone above the canopy.

An original support tree can sometimes die, leaving a "columnar tree", central core empty, of the Strangler Fig.

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