Stock

Stock

[stok]
Stock, Frederick (Friedrich Wilhelm August Stock), 1872-1942, German-American conductor and composer. He came to the United States in 1895 as a violist in the Chicago Orchestra and became (1899) assistant conductor. As permanent conductor from 1905 until his death, Stock was responsible for the many premieres of new works. His own compositions include songs, orchestral works, and chamber music.
stock, in botany, common name for any species of the genus Matthiola, for Malcomia maritima (Virginia stock), and for the wallflower, all belonging to the family Cruciferae (mustard family), and for a carnation of the family Caryophyllaceae (pink family). Most are herbs indigenous to the Mediterranean region and to S Africa. A few are widely cultivated, both in greenhouses and in gardens, for the fragrant blossoms—usually purplish in the wild but of various colors in horticultural types. The evening stock, or perfume plant (Matthiola bicornis), is night-blooming; the Brampton stock, or gillyflower (M. incana), has an early blooming variety (annua), known as ten-weeks-stock or cut-and-come-again, which is sometimes grown as a house plant. The name gillyflower is also used for the Virginia stock, the wallflower, and for the carnation of the pink family. Stock is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Capparales, family Cruciferae; and order Caryophyllales, family Caryophyllaceae.
stock, in finance, instrument certifying to shares in the ownership of a corporation. Bonds are similar evidences of shares in a loan to a corporation. Stock yields no dividends until claims of bondholders have been met. Preferred stock is entitled to dividends of a specified percentage per annum before common stock is entitled to any dividends; the common stock is then usually entitled to the rest of the profits. In case of liquidation of the company, holders of bonds and preferred stock take precedence over holders of common stock in the division of assets. Holders of common stock usually have voting rights in the management of the corporation; bondholders and, usually, holders of preferred stock have no voting rights. Since the value of common stock depends largely on its earnings, it is often issued with no par value. Public demand for securities and the need of corporations for ready capital have led to the development of stock exchanges in most of the major cities of the world (see stock exchange).
stock, in horticulture: see grafting.
stock.xchng is a website providing stock photography for non-commercial and personal uses with the restrictions specified by the uploader of the image

The site was launched in February 2001 with the motive to provide a place where users exchange their photos free of charge. In 2005, the site had 200,000 registered users in the USA and more than 275,000 photos. The site is a subsidiary of Dream Interactive. , which in turn is owned by Jupitermedia.

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