Definitions

stead-fast

Citizen Potawatomi Nation

Citizen Potawatomi Nation are Algonquian-speaking Potawatomi-people located in Oklahoma.

History

The Citizen Potawatomi Nation is the successor inherent to the Mission Band of Potawatomi Indians, located originally in the Wabash River valley of Indiana. With the Indian Removal Act after the 1833 Treaty of Chicago, the Mission Band was forced to march to a new reserve in Kansas. Of the 850 Potawatomi people forced to move, more than 40 died along the way. The event is known in Potawatomi history as the Potawatomi Trail of Death.

In Kansas, the Mission Band of Potawatomi lived on a small reserve with the Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation. The Prairie Band had adapted to the Plains culture but the Mission Band remained stead-fast to the Woodlands culture. Both cultural groups exhibited very different ceremonial and subsistence strategies, yet were forced to share the land. Seeking a better opportunity for its people, the Mission Band leaders chose to take small farms rather than live together with the Prairie Band. Shortly thereafter, and not fully understanding the tax system, most of the new individual allotments of land passed out of Mission Band ownership and into that of white settlers and traders. In 1867, Mission Potawatomi members signed a treaty selling their Kansas lands in order to purchase lands in Indian Territory with the proceeds. To reinforce the new land purchase and learning from their Kansas experience, tribal members took U.S. citizenship. From that time on, they became know as the Citizen Potawatomi.

By the early 1870’s, most of the Citizen Potawatomi had resettled in Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma, forming several communities near present-day Shawnee. In 1890, the Citizen Potawatomi participated, unwillingly, in the allotment process implemented through the Dawes Act of 1887. With this Act, the Citizen Potawatomi people were forced to accept individual allotments again. In the Land Run of 1891, the remainder of the Potawatomi reservation in Oklahoma was opened up to non-Indian settlement, leaving about of the reservation simply given away by the government to settlers.

Government

Executive Branch

Chairman John A. Barrett

Vice Chairman Linda Capps

Secretary/Treasurer D. Wayne Trousdale

Legislative Branch

District #1 Roy Slavin Kansas City, MO

District #2 Eva Marie Carney Arlington, VA

District #3 Robert Whistler Bedford, TX

District #4 Theresa Adame Topeka, KS

District #5 Gene Lambert Mesa, AZ

District #6 Ronald W. Goyer Vista, CA

District #7 Thomas Finks Auburn, CA

District #8 Jacqueline Taylor Astoria, OR

District #9 Paul Wesselhoft Moore, OK

District #10 David Barrett Shawnee, OK

District #11 Lisa Kraft Stillwater, OK

District #12 Paul Schmidlkofer Tecumseh, OK

District #13 Bobbie Bowden Choctaw, OK

External links

References

See Also

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