Stark

Stark

[stahrk]
Stark, Freya Madeline, 1893-1993, British author, traveler, and Arabist. The first European to visit several areas in the Middle East, she was born in Paris to artist parents and grew up in England and Italy. A self-taught polyglot, she was a nurse in World War I, traveled (1927) to Lebanon to study Arabic, and went on to Iraq, where she worked for the Baghdad Times. Her subsequent travels took her to the Druze of S Syria, the Nizaris (Assassins) of SW Persia, and many other peoples and regions. During World War II she worked for the British ministry of information in S Arabia and Egypt. Stark wrote more than 20 books recounting her adventurous life and often arduous travels, all in a spirited, polished, and sophisticated style. Among them are The Valley of the Assassins (1934), The Southern Gates of Arabia (1936), A Winter in Arabia (1940), Perseus in the Wind (1948), and The Zodiac Arch (1968). She was made a Dame of the British Empire in 1972.

See her autobiographies, Traveller's Prelude (1950), Beyond Euphrates (1951), The Coast of Incense (1953), and Dust in the Lion's Paw (1961); her selected letters, ed. by C. Moorehead (1988); biographies by C. Moorehead (1986), M. Izzard (1993), and J. F. Geniesse (2009).

Stark, Harold Raynsford, 1880-1972, American admiral, b. Wilkes-Barre, Pa. A graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, he was commissioned (1905) an ensign in the navy. After service in World War I, he filled several important naval administrative posts. In 1939, Stark was made admiral and appointed chief of naval operations. Removed (1942) from this position after the attack on Pearl Harbor, he commanded (1942-45) U.S. naval forces in Europe in World War II and retired from active duty in 1946. Although the final years of his career were clouded by the Pearl Harbor disaster, Stark was absolved of any responsibility by presidential and congressional investigating committees.
Stark, Johannes, 1874-1957, German physicist, Ph.D. Univ. of Munich, 1897. From 1900 until he retired in 1922, Stark served short stints on the faculties of several academic institutions, including the universities of Göttingen, Hanover, Greifswald, and Würzburg. Stark became involved with the Nazi party, was president of the Reich Physical-Technical Institute from 1933 to 1939, and after World War II served four years in a labor camp as the result of the denazification movement (1947-51). He was awarded the 1919 Nobel Prize in Physics for two major discoveries. In 1905 he observed the Doppler effect in radiation emitted by accelerated hydrogen atoms in a discharge tube, and in 1913 he reported the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields, a discovery that is known as the Stark effect and that contributed to the understanding of atomic structure.
Stark, John, 1728-1822, American Revolutionary soldier, b. Londonderry, N.H. He fought in the French and Indian Wars. At the start of the Revolution he distinguished himself at Bunker Hill, and he served in the Quebec campaign and with George Washington at Princeton and Trenton (1776-77). He went home in 1777, disgruntled over some promotions, but later in the year took the field as a commander of the New Hampshire militia in the Saratoga campaign. When General Burgoyne sent a detachment to take the colonial stores at Bennington (now in Vermont), Stark met and repulsed it. The battle of Bennington contributed to Burgoyne's discomfiture at Saratoga. For this service Stark received appointment as brigadier general from the Congress.

See biography by H. P. Moore (1949).

(born Aug. 28, 1728, Londonderry, N.H.—died May 8, 1822, Manchester, N.H., U.S.) American Revolutionary officer. He served in the French and Indian War with Robert Rogers's Rangers (1754–59). In the American Revolution he fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill and in New Jersey. He commanded the militia that defeated the British at the Battle of Bennington, Vt. Promoted to brigadier general of the Continental Army, he helped force the British surrender at the Battle of Saratoga and then served in Rhode Island. In 1780 he was a member of the court-martial that condemned Maj. John André, who had spied for the British. In 1783 he was made a major general.

Learn more about Stark, John with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Aug. 28, 1728, Londonderry, N.H.—died May 8, 1822, Manchester, N.H., U.S.) American Revolutionary officer. He served in the French and Indian War with Robert Rogers's Rangers (1754–59). In the American Revolution he fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill and in New Jersey. He commanded the militia that defeated the British at the Battle of Bennington, Vt. Promoted to brigadier general of the Continental Army, he helped force the British surrender at the Battle of Saratoga and then served in Rhode Island. In 1780 he was a member of the court-martial that condemned Maj. John André, who had spied for the British. In 1783 he was made a major general.

Learn more about Stark, John with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Stark is a city in Neosho County, Kansas, United States. The population was 106 at the 2000 census.

History

The Stark High School building was used from 1929 to 1987 until the school district was fully consolidated with another. The building, still well maintained is used for many public functions.

In 1980 the Stark population was 143, and in 1990 it was 79.

Geography

Stark is located at (37.689592, -95.143573).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²), all of it land.

The elevation of Stark is 1050 feet.

Stark is located east of US Route 59 on State Highway K-201.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 106 people, 42 households, and 27 families residing in the city. The population density was 609.0 people per square mile (240.7/km²). There were 47 housing units at an average density of 270.0/sq mi (106.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.06% White and 0.94% Native American.

There were 42 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 112.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,500, and the median income for a family was $27,083. Males had a median income of $15,833 versus $15,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,728. There were 16.1% of families and 17.2% of the population living below the poverty line, including 25.9% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

References

External links

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