Stanislaus I

Stanislaus I

Stanislaus I, 1677-1766, king of Poland (1704-1709, 1733-35) and duke of Lorraine (1735-66). He was born Stanislaus Leszczynski. Early in the Northern War (1700-1721), Charles XII of Sweden overran Poland and expelled King Augustus II. In 1704, Charles secured the election of Leszczynski, a Polish nobleman. The majority of Poles remained loyal to Augustus, and Stanislaus, entirely dependent on Swedish arms, went into exile when Charles was routed (1709) at Poltava by Peter I of Russia. Stanislaus settled in France, emerging from oblivion when his daughter, Marie Leszczynska, married (1725) Louis XV of France. On the death (1733) of Augustus II, Stanislaus returned to Poland and was again elected king. Under Russian pressure, a minority of the Polish diet chose instead Augustus III, precipitating the War of the Polish Succession. Stanislaus, besieged at Danzig, received only moral support from France, while his rival was backed by Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and had full military aid from Russia. Stanislaus was obliged to flee from Danzig in 1734, and in 1735 he accepted the terms of the preliminary Treaty of Vienna. He kept the royal title but renounced his actual rights in favor of Augustus III. In exchange, he received Lorraine and Bar, with the provision that they were to pass directly to the French crown upon his death. The former duke of Lorraine (later Holy Roman Emperor Francis I) was compensated with the promise of Tuscany. Stanislaus, an enlightened, humane, and cultured man, held a small but distinguished court at Lunéville. He contributed to the embellishment of Nancy, where the celebrated Place Stanislas still exhibits his generosity and good taste. Through his thought and writings he continued to influence Polish political ideas, and despite his concern with Polish affairs he ably administered Lorraine. He corresponded with the finest thinkers of his time, notably with Jean Jacques Rousseau, who on his request drafted a new constitution for Poland.
Image:Ostatni Książęta mazowieccy.jpg|thumb|240px|right|Last of the Masovian Piasts: Janusz (1503-1526), Stanisław (1500-1524), Anna (1498-1557) poly 93 728 119 663 31 618 55 412 67 292 56 251 77 166 125 103 131 58 177 44 213 119 272 187 308 303 277 400 304 640 255 723 Janusz III Mazowiecki poly 416 726 475 677 404 613 408 490 363 346 340 346 329 314 415 264 480 119 496 55 544 45 567 94 646 216 678 632 627 650 600 743 Stanisław Mazowiecki poly 663 740 732 659 780 356 776 303 820 189 840 173 845 58 887 41 920 65 946 123 1002 177 1027 239 1101 712 1141 737 1141 774 705 772 Anna of Masovia rect 0 0 1149 774 Click on button to enlarge image desc none

Stanisław Mazowiecki or Stanislaus I of Masovia (1500 – 1524) was a Polish duke of Masovia. Son of Konrad III Rudy. Until 1518 Masovia was under regency of his mother Anna Radziwiłł, afterwards he became its ruler till his death in 1524.

Search another word or see stanislaus ion Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature