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Protected areas of the People's Republic of China

This article lists the protected areas (national level only) of the People's Republic of China. There are many forms of protected areas in China. Based on their relative importance, each type of protected area can be further graded into two to three levels (national, provincial and city/county level). Nevertheless, the highest rank for "pocket nature reserve" (social- and mass-based), "no-hunting area", "no-fishing area", "crops germplasm resources conservation area", "forest trees germplasm resources conservation area" or "source water protection area" is practically restricted to provincial level. The local government at county level is also responsible for the delimitation and declaration of "basic farmland protection area" and "basic grassland". Ministry of Agriculture has set up a fishing prohibited area in the Yangtze Valley and imposed a closed season during the spring period. Qinling National Botanical Gardens, said to be the world's largest (458 km²), is still under construction. It is a comprehensive botanical garden combining both the on-site and off-site conservation methods.

Take note that many protected areas in China have multiple official designations, and the statutory boundaries of these multi-designated PAs may be identical or varied.

For instance, the boundaries of Huangshan NP are coincided with those of the Huangshan NGP, whereas the Wuyi Mountains' NNR, NP and NFP in Fujian are adjacent to each other, and 27,642.14 hectares out of 115,340.27 hectares of Heilongjiang's Huzhong NFP are intersected with the experiment zone of Huzhong NNR.

National Nature Reserves of China

Ratification Authority: State Council. Total Number of NNRs: 303 (2008); Total Number of NRs: 2,531 (as of 2007)

Province National Nature Reserves of China
Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve
Beijing Baihuashan National Nature Reserve
Tianjin Paleocoast and Wetland National Nature Reserve
Tianjin Jixian Middle-Upper Proterozoic Stratigraphic Section National Nature Reserve
Tianjin Baxianshan National Nature Reserve
Hebei Changli Huangjin Hai'an National Nature Reserve
Hebei Xiaowutaishan National Nature Reserve
Hebei Nihewan National Nature Reserve
Hebei Dahaituo National Nature Reserve
Hebei Wulingshan National Nature Reserve
Hebei Weichang Hongsongwa National Nature Reserve
Hebei Hengshuihu National Nature Reserve
Hebei Liujiang Pendi Geological Remains National Nature Reserve
Hebei Saihanba National Nature Reserve
Hebei Luanhe Shangyou National Nature Reserve
Hebei Maojingba National Nature Reserve
Shanxi Yangcheng Manghe Rhesus Monkey National Nature Reserve [Macaca mulatta]
Shanxi Luyashan National Nature Reserve
Shanxi Pangquangou National Nature Reserve
Shanxi Lishan National Nature Reserve
Shanxi Wulushan National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Saihan Ul National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Dali Nur National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Bayan Obo National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Heilihe National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Daheishan National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Da Hinggan Ling Hanma National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Honggolj Mongolian Pine National Nature Reserve [Pinus sylvestnis var. mongolica Litv.]
Inner Mongolia Huihe National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Dalai Hu National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Horqin National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Tumuji National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Daqinggou National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Xilin Gol Grassland National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Ordos Relict Gull National Nature Reserve [Larus relictus]
Inner Mongolia Xi Ordos National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Urad Sacsaoul Forest-Mongolian Wild Ass National Nature Reserve [Haloxylon ammodendron]-[Equus hemionus]
Inner Mongolia Nei Mongol Helanshan National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Ejin Diversifolius Poplar Forest National Nature Reserve [Populus euphratica Oliv. (P.diversifoliaSchrenk)]
Inner Mongolia Ar Horqin Grassland National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Hatan Tohoi National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Ergun National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Otog Dinosaur Trace Fossil National Nature Reserve
Inner Mongolia Daqingshan National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Dalian Spotted Seal National Nature Reserve [Phoca largha]
Liaoning Chengshantou Coastal Geomorphy National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Shedao-Laotieshan National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Xianrendong National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Huanren Laotudingzi National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Baishilazi National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Dandong Yalujiangkou Coastal Wetland National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Yiwulüshan National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Shuangtaihekou National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Beipiao Bird Fossil National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Nulurhushan National Nature Reserve
Liaoning Haitangshan National Nature Reserve
Jilin Yitong Volcano Group National Nature Reserve
Jilin Longwan National Nature Reserve
Jilin Yalujiang Shangyou National Nature Reserve
Jilin Melmeg National Nature Reserve
Jilin Xianghai National Nature Reserve
Jilin Tianfozishan National Nature Reserve
Jilin Changbaishan National Nature Reserve
Jilin Dabusu National Nature Reserve
Jilin Hunchun Manchurian Tiger National Nature Reserve [Panthera tigris altaica]
Jilin Qagan Hu National Nature Reserve
Jilin Yanminghu National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Zhalong National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Xingkaihu National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Baoqing Qixinghe National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Raohe Northeast-China Black Bee National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Fenglin National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Liangshui National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Sanjiang National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Honghe National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Bachadao National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Raolihe National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Mudanfeng National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Wudalianchi National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Huzhong National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Nanwenghe National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Fenghuangshan National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Wuyiling National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Shengshan National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Zhenbaodao Wetland National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Hongxing Shidi National Nature Reserve
Heilongjiang Shuanghe National Nature Reserve
Shanghai Jiuduansha Wetland National Nature Reserve
Shanghai Chongming Dongtan Birds National Nature Reserve
Jiangsu Yancheng Coastal Shoal and Valuable Fowl National Nature Reserve
Jiangsu Dafeng Père David's Deer National Nature Reserve [Elaphurus davidianus]
Jiangsu Sihong Hongzehu Wetland National Nature Reserve
Zhejiang Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve
Zhejiang Tianmushan National Nature Reserve
Zhejiang Nanji Liedao Marine National Nature Reserve
Zhejiang Wuyanling National Nature Reserve
Zhejiang Dapanshan National Nature Reserve
Zhejiang Gutianshan National Nature Reserve
Zhejiang Fengyangshan-Baishanzu National Nature Reserve
Zhejiang Jiulongshan National Nature Reserve
Zhejiang Changxing Geological Remains National Nature Reserve
Anhui Yaoluoping National Nature Reserve
Anhui Guniujiang National Nature Reserve
Anhui Chinese Alligator National Nature Reserve, Xuancheng [Alligator sinensis]
Anhui Jinzhai Tianma National Nature Reserve
Anhui Shengjinhu National Nature Reserve
Anhui Tongling Freshwater Dolphins National Nature Reserve
Fujian Xiamen Valuable and Rare Marine Species National Nature Reserve
Fujian Longqishan National Nature Reserve
Fujian Tianbaoyan National Nature Reserve
Fujian Shenhuwan Submarine Paleoforest Remains National Nature Reserve
Fujian Zhangjiangkou Mangrove Forest National Nature Reserve
Fujian Huboliao National Nature Reserve
Fujian Wuyishan National Nature Reserve
Fujian Liangyeshan National Nature Reserve
Fujian Meihuashan National Nature Reserve
Fujian Daiyunshan National Nature Reserve
Fujian Minjiangyuan National Nature Reserve
Fujian Junzifeng National Nature Reserve
Jiangxi Poyanghu Migratory Bird National Nature Reserve
Jiangxi Taohongling Sika Deer National Nature Reserve [Cervus nippon]
Jiangxi Jiulianshan National Nature Reserve
Jiangxi Jiangxi Wuyishan National Nature Reserve
Jiangxi Jinggangshan National Nature Reserve
Jiangxi Guanshan National Nature Reserve
Jiangxi Poyanghu Nanji Shidi National Nature Reserve
Jiangxi Matoushan National Nature Reserve
Shandong Mashan National Nature Reserve
Shandong Huanghe Sanjiaozhou National Nature Reserve
Shandong Changdao National Nature Reserve
Shandong Shanwang Paleofossil National Nature Reserve
Shandong Binzhou Shell-Dyke Island and Wetland National Nature Reserve
Shandong Rongcheng Whooper Swan National Nature Reserve [Cygnus Cygnus]
Shandong Kunyushan National Nature Reserve
Henan Huanghe Shidi National Nature Reserve
Henan Xinxiang Huanghe Shidi Birds National Nature Reserve
Henan Jiaozuo Taihangshan Rhesus Monkey National Nature Reserve
Henan Nanyang Dinosaur-egg Fossil Coenosis National Nature Reserve
Henan Funiushan National Natue Reserve
Henan Baotianman National Nature Reserve
Henan Jigongshan National Nature Reserve
Henan Dongzhai National Nature Reserve
Henan Liankangshan National Nature Reserve
Henan Xiaoqinling National Nature Reserve
Henan Danjiang Shidi National Nature Reserve
Hubei Qinglongshan Dinosaur-egg Fossil Coenosis National Nature Reserve
Hubei Shennongjia National Nature Reserve
Hubei Wufeng Houhe National Nature Reserve
Hubei Shishou Père David's Deer National Nature Reserve
Hubei Changjiang Tian'ezhou Baiji National Nature Reserve [Lipotes vexillifer]
Hubei Changjiang Xinluoduan Baiji National Nature Reserve
Hubei Xingdoushan National Nature Reserve
Hubei Jiugongshan National Nature Reserve
Hubei Qijiemeishan National Nature Reserve
Hunan Yanling Taoyuandong National Nature Reserve
Hunan Dongdongtinghu National Nature Reserve
Hunan Hupingshan National Nature Reserve
Hunan Zhangjiajie Chinese Giant Salamander National Nature Reserve [Andrias davidianus]
Hunan Badagongshan National Nature Reserve
Hunan Mangshan National Nature Reserve
Hunan Yongzhou Dupangling National Nature Reserve
Hunan Xiaoxi National Nature Reserve
Hunan Huangsang National Nature Reserve
Hunan Wuyunjie National Nature Reserve
Hunan Yingzuijie National Nature Reserve
Hunan Nanyue Hengshan National Nature Reserve
Hunan Jiemuxi National Nature Reserve
Hunan Bamianshan National Nature Reserve
Guangdong Nanling National Nature Reserve
Guangdong Chebaling National Nature Reserve
Guangdong Danxiashan National Nature Reserve
Guangdong Neilingdingdao-Futian National Nature Reserve
Guangdong Zhujiangkou Chinese White Dolphin National Nature Reserve [Sousa chinensis]
Guangdong Zhanjiang Mangrove Forest National Nature Reserve
Guangdong Dinghushan National Nature Reserve
Guangdong Xiangtoushan National Nature Reserve
Guangdong Huidong Gangkou Sea Turtle National Nature Reserve
Guangdong Xuwen Coral Reef National Nature Reserve
Guangdong Leizhou Valuable and Rare Marine Organisms National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Damingshan National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Huaping National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Mao'ershan National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Shankou Mangrove Ecosystem National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Hepu Yingpangang-Yingluogang Dugong National Nature Reserve [Dugong dugong]
Guangxi Beilunhekou National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Fangcheng Golden Camellia National Nature Reserve [Camellia chrysantha (Hu) Tuyama]
Guangxi Shiwandashan National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Longgang National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Dayaoshan National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Mulun National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Qianjiadong National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Cenwanglaoshan National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Jiuwanshan National Nature Reserve
Guangxi Jinzhongshan Hume's Pheasant National Nature Reserve [Syrmaticus humiae]
Hainan Sanya Coral Reef National Nature Reserve
Hainan Dongzhaigang National Nature Reserve
Hainan Tongguling National Nature Reserve
Hainan Dazhoudao Marine Ecosystem National Nature Reserve
Hainan Datian National Nature Reserve
Hainan Jianfengling National Nature Reserve
Hainan Wuzhishan National Nature Reserve
Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve
Hainan Diaoluoshan National Nature Reserve
Chongqing Jinyunshan National Nature Reserve
Chongqing Dabashan National Nature Reserve
Chongqing Changjiang Shangyou Valuable, Rare and Endemic Fish Species National Nature Reserve [Trans-Province]
Chongqing Jinfoshan National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Longxi-Hongkou National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Baishuihe National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Dukou Cycad National Nature Reserve, Panzhihua [Cycas panzhihuaensis L.Zhou et S.Y.Yang]
Sichuan Huagaoxi National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Wanglang National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Tangjiahe National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Mabian Dafengding National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Changning Zhuhai National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Wolong National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Xiaojin Siguniangshan National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Zoigê Wetland National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Gongga Shan National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Chugqênsumdo White-Lipped Deer National Nature Reserve, Baiyu [Cervus albirostris]
Sichuan Yading National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Meigu Dafengding National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Changjiang Shangyou Valuable, Rare and Endemic Fish Species National Nature Reserve [Trans-Province]
Sichuan Micangshan National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Xuebaoding National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Hua'eshan National Nature Reserve
Sichuan Haizishan National Nature Reserve
Guizhou Xishui Midsubtropical Evergreen Broadleaved Forest National Nature Reserve
Guizhou Chishui Spinulose Tree Fern National Nature Reserve [Alsophila spinulosa (Wall. ex Hook.) Tryon]
Guizhou Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve
Guizhou Mayanghe National Nature Reserve
Guizhou Changjiang Shangyou Valuable, Rare and Endemic Fish Species National Nature Reserve [Trans-Province]
Guizhou Weining Caohai National Nature Reserve
Guizhou Leigongshan National Nature Reserve
Guizhou Maolan National Nature Reserve
Guizhou Kuankuoshui National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Ailaoshan National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Dashanbao Black-Necked Crane National Nature Reserve [Grus nigricollis]
Yunnan Daweishan National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Jinping Watershed National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Huanglianshan National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Wenshan National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Wuliangshan National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Xishuangbanna National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Xishuangbanna Nabanhe Liuyu National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Cangshan Erhai National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Baima Xueshan National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Nan'gunhe National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Changjiang Shangyou Valuable, Rare and Endemic Fish Species National Nature Reserve [Trans-Province]
Yunnan Yaoshan National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Huize Black-Necked Crane National Nature Reserve
Yunnan Yongde Daxueshan National Nature Reserve
Tibet Black-Necked Crane National Nature Reserve at Midstream Valley of Yarlung Zangbo
Tibet Markam Yunnan Snub-Nosed Monkey National Nature Reserve [Rhinopithecus bieti]
Tibet Qomolangma Feng National Nature Reserve
Tibet Siling Co National Nature Reserve
Tibet Changtang National Nature Reserve
Tibet Yarlung Zangbo Daxiagu National Nature Reserve
Tibet Zayü Ciba Gou National Nature Reserve
Tibet Lhalu Shidi National Nature Reserve
Tibet Riwoqê Red Deer National Nature Reserve [Cervus elaphus]
Shaanxi Zhouzhi National Nature Reserve
Shaanxi Taibaishan National Nature Reserve
Shaanxi Changqing National Nature Reserve
Shaanxi Foping National Nature Reserve
Shaanxi Niubeiliang National Nature Reserve
Shaanxi Hanzhong Crested Ibis National Nature Reserve [Nipponia nippon]
Shaanxi Ziwuling National Nature Reserve
Shaanxi Hualongshan National Nature Reserve
Shaanxi Tianhuashan National Nature Reserve
Gansu Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve
Gansu Qilianshan National Nature Reserve
Gansu Dunhuang Xihu National Nature Reserve
Gansu Anxi Extreme-Arid Desert National Nature Reserve, Guazhou
Gansu Minqin Liangucheng National Nature Reserve
Gansu Baishuijiang National Nature Reserve
Gansu Lianhuashan National Nature Reserve
Gansu Gahai-Zecha National Nature Reserve
Gansu Taitong-Kongtongshan National Nature Reserve
Gansu Liancheng National Nature Reserve
Gansu Xiaolongshan National Nature Reserve
Gansu Yanchiwan National Nature Reserve
Gansu Annanba Wild Bactrian Camel National Nature Reserve [Camelus ferus]
Qinghai Xunhua Mengda National Nature Reserve
Qinghai Qinghaihu National Nature Reserve
Qinghai Hoh Xil National Nature Reserve
Qinghai Longbao National Nature Reserve
Qinghai Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve
Ningxia Helanshan National Nature Reserve
Ningxia Shapotou National Nature Reserve
Ningxia Luoshan National Nature Reserve
Ningxia Lingwu Baijitan National Nature Reserve
Ningxia Liupanshan National Nature Reserve
Ningxia Habahu National Nature Reserve
Xinjiang Altun Shan National Nature Reserve
Xinjiang Lop Nur Wild Bactrian Camel National Nature Reserve
Xinjiang Bayanbulak National Nature Reserve
Xinjiang Tomur Feng National Nature Reserve
Xinjiang Xitianshan National Nature Reserve
Xinjiang Ganjiahu Sacsaoul Forest National Nature Reserve
Xinjiang Hanas National Nature Reserve
Xinjiang Tarim Euphrates Poplar National Nature Reserve [Populus euphratica]
Xinjiang Ebi Hu Wetland National Nature Reserve

National Parks of China

Ratification Authority: State Council. Total Number of NPs: 187 (2007); Total Number of Ps: 667 (as of 2006)

National Typical Earthquake Sites of China

Ratification Authority: China Seismological Bureau. Total Number of NTESs: 6 (2007)

†: The official name is yet to be verified.

National Geoparks of China

Ratification Authority: Ministry of Land and Resources. Total Number of NGPs: 138 (2007); Total Number of GPs: 242 (as of 2006)

National Mineparks of China

Ratification Authority: Ministry of Land and Resources. Total Number of NMPs: 28 (2007); Total Number of MPs: unknown

State-Protected Wetlands of China

Ratification Authority: State Environmental Protection Administration. Total Number of SPWs: 33

Note: Most of the wetlands in the List of State-Protected Wetlands were eventually incorporated into the China List of Wetlands of National Importance in the 2000. The latter, consisting of 173 sites in total, should be seen as merely a title given to an area instead of a protected area designated for management purposes.

National In-Situ Conservation Areas for Major State-Protected Agricultural Wild Plants in China

Ratification Authority: Ministry of Agriculture. Total Number of NICAs: unknown; Total Number of ICAs: 67 (as of 2005)

Note: The situation of in-situ conservation areas for major state-protected agricultural wild plants in China is somewhat complicated. The conservation area construction projects at various levels (including national/provincial in-situ conservation areas and local in-situ conservation spots) are all officially approved and financially supported by the Ministry of Agriculture. The list of in-situ conservation areas for the state-protected agricultural wild plants in Chongqing (all have official documents to prove that they are "national-level" in nature) below may serve as an example of this category of protected area.

  • Kaixian National Wild Soybean In-Situ Conservation Area [Glycine soja]
  • Jiangjin National Wild Soybean In-Situ Conservation Area
  • Yunyang National Wild Soybean In-Situ Conservation Area
  • Youyang National Golden Buckwheat In-Situ Conservation Area [Fagopyrum dibotrys]
  • Shizhu National Water Shield In-Situ Conservation Area [Brasenia schreberi]

National Wild Medicinal Material Resources Conservation Areas of China

Ratification Authority: State Council. Total Number of NWMMRCAs: theoretically allowed by law but no designation thus far; Total Number of WMMRCAs: unknown

National Forest Parks of China

Ratification Authority: State Forestry Administration. Total Number of NFPs: 686 (2008); Total Number of FPs: 2,151 (as of 2007)

National Thematic Gardens of China

Ratification Authority: State Forestry Administration. Total Number of NTGs: 3 (2007)

State Key Parks of China

Ratification Authority: Ministry of Construction. Total Number of SKPs: 46 (2008) Total Number of Public Parks: unknown

National Urban Wetland Parks of China

Ratification Authority: Ministry of Construction. Total Number of NUWPs: 30 (2008) Total Number of UWPs: unknown

National Wetland Parks of China

Ratification Authority: State Forestry Administration. Total Number of NWPs: 18 (2007); Total Number of WPs: unknown

National Water Parks of China

Ratification Authority: Ministry of Water Resources. Total Number of NWPs: 314 (2008); Total Number of PWPs: 1,000++ (as of 2007)

National Soil Erosion Preventive and Control Areas of China

Ratification Authority: Ministry of Water Resources. Total Number of NSEPCAs: 42 (2007); Total Number of SEPCAs: unknown

  • Key Preventive Protection Areas
    • Greater Hinggan Range (Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia)
    • Hulun Buir (Inner Mongolia)
    • Changbai Mountains (Jilin)
    • River Luanhe (Beijing, Hebei)
    • Heihe River Oasis (Gansu, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia)
    • Tarim River Oasis (Xinjiang)
    • Ziwu Range (Shaanxi, Gansu)
    • Liupan Mountains (Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia)
    • Source Areas of Yangtze River, Yellow River and Lancang River (Qinghai, Gansu)
    • Upstream Area of Jinsha River (Sichuan)
    • Upstream Area of River Minjiang (Qinghai, Sichuan)
    • Upstream Area of River Hanjiang (Hubei, Shaanxi)
    • Tongbai Mountains and Dabie Mountains (Anhui, Hubei, Henan)
    • Xin'an River (Anhui, Zhejiang)
    • Upstream Areas of River Xiangjiang, River Zishui and River Yuanjiang (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Chongqing)
    • Upstream Area of River Dongjiang (Guangdong, Jiangxi)
  • Key Surveillance Areas
    • Liaoning Metallurgical and Coal Mining Exploitation Area
    • Coal Exploitation Area Bordering Shanxi, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia
    • Oil and Natural Gas Exploitation Area Bordering Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia
    • Nonferrous Metal Exploitation Area Bordering Henan, Shaanxi and Shanxi
    • Southeast Coastal Development Area (Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong)
    • Xinjiang Oil and Natural Gas Exploitation Area
    • Three Gorges Reservoir Area (Hubei, Chongqing)
  • Key Rehabilitation Areas
    • Black Soil Area of Northeast China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia)
    • Mid- and Up-Stream Areas of Xi Liaohe River and Daling River (Inner Mongolia, Liaoning)
    • Yongding River (Beijing, Hebei, Shanxi)
    • Taihang Mountains (Hebei, Shanxi)
    • Sediment-Laden and Coarse Sand Producing Area between Hekou Town and Longmen of Midstream Yellow River (Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi)
    • Upstream Areas of River Jinghe and Bei Luohe River (Gansu, Shaanxi, Ningxia)
    • Upstream Areas of Zuli River and River Weihe (Gansu, Ningxia)
    • Mid- and Down-Stream Areas of River Huangshui and River Taohe (Gansu, Qinghai)
    • River Yihe, River Luohe and Sanmenxia Reservoir Area (Henan, Shanxi)
    • Yimeng Mountains (Shandong)
    • Up- and Mid-Stream Area of Jialing River (Gansu, Shaanxi, Sichuan)
    • Danjiang Estuary Water Source Area (Henan, Hubei, Chongqing, Shaanxi)
    • Three Gorges Reservoir Area (Hubei, Chongqing)
    • Downstream Area of Jinsha River (Sichuan, Yunnan)
    • Up- and Mid-Stream Areas of River Wujiang and Chishui River (Guizhou, Sichuan, Chongqing)
    • Midstream Areas of River Xiangjiang, River Zishui, River Yuanjiang and River Lishui (Hunan)
    • Upstream Area of River Ganjiang (Jiangxi)
    • Pearl River and Nan & Bei Panjiang Rivers (Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan)
    • Up- and Mid-Stream Area of River Honghe (Yunnan)

National Protection Forests and Forests for Special Uses of China

Ratification Authority: State Council. Total Number of NPF&FSUs: theoretically allowed by law but no designation thus far; Total Number of PF&FSUs: unknown

National Ecological Function Conservation Areas of China

Ratification Authority: State Council; Preapproved by the State Environmental Protection Administration. Total Number of NEFCAs: 20 (2007); Total Number of EFCAs: unknown

Note: "National Ecological Function Conservation Area" is a pilot program, pending State Council approval.

National Marine Special Conservation Areas of China

Ratification Authority: State Oceanic Administration. Total Number of NMSCAs: 7 (2008); Total Number of MSCAs: 7 (as of 2006)

National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Areas of China

Ratification Authority: Ministry of Agriculture. Total Number of NAGRCAs: 40 (2007); Total Number of AGRCAs: unknown

National Grass Germplasm Resources Conservation Areas of China

Ratification Authority: Ministry of Agriculture. Total Number of NGGRCAs theoretically allowed by law but no designation thus far; Total Number of GGRCAs: unknown

National Domestic Animal Genetic Resources Conservation Areas of China

Ratification Authority: Ministry of Agriculture. Total Number of NLPGRCAs: 16 (2008); Total Number of LPGRCAs: unknown

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