Richard Arkwright employed John Kay to produce a new spinning-machine that Kay had worked on with (or possibly stolen from) another inventor called Thomas Highs With the help of other local craftsmen the team produced the spinning frame, which produced a stronger thread than the spinning jenny produced by James Hargreaves. The frame employed the draw rollers invented by Lewis Paul to stretch, or attenuate, the yarn.
A thick 'string' of cotton roving was passed between three sets of rollers, each set rotating faster than the previous one. In this way it was reduced in thickness and increased in length before a strengthening twist was added by a bobbin-and-flyer mechanism.
Too large to be operated by hand, the spinning frame needed a new source of power. Arkwright at first experimented with horses, but decided to employ the power of the water wheel, which gave the invention the name of water frame.
Production of a Polyester Core-Spun Yarn with Spandex Using a Multi-section Drawing Frame and a Ring Spinning Frame
May 01, 2005; ABSTRACT Owing to growing demand for figure hugging and comfortable clothes made with stretchable fibers, spandex fibers are...
WIPO PUBLISHES PATENT OF MARZOLI FOR "APPARATUS FOR OPERATING AND PROGRAMMING A RING SPINNING FRAME" (ITALIAN INVENTOR)
Jan 07, 2012; GENEVA, Jan. 7 -- Publication No. WO/2012/001632 was published on Jan. 05. Title of the invention: "APPARATUS FOR OPERATING AND...