spine: see spinal column.
or spinal column or spine or backbone

Flexible column extending the length of the torso. In humans, it consists of 32–34 vertebrae, with different shapes and functions in each of five regions: 7 cervical, in the neck (including the atlas and axis, modified for free movement of the skull); 12 thoracic, in the chest; 5 lumbar, in the lower back; 5 sacral (fused into the sacrum, part of the pelvic girdle); and 3 to 5 coccygeal (vestigial tailbones fused into the coccyx). The body of each vertebra is separated from its neighbours by cushioning intervertebral disks of cartilage. Behind the body is a Y-shaped vertebral (neural) arch with structures extending up and down to form joints with the adjacent vertebrae and to the back and sides to provide attachment points for muscles and ligaments. The spine supports the torso and protects the spinal cord.

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Spine or Spinal may refer to:


  • Vertebral column, commonly known as the backbone
  • The Spine, a set of national services used by the NHS Care Record Service (an electronic patient record system)



  • The Spine, a 2004 They Might Be Giants album, including the songs "Spine" and "Spines"
  • Spinal Tap (band), a semi-fictional heavy metal band
  • Spinal (Killer Instinct), a fictional character from the video game Killer Instinct
  • Spine, a demon in Blood Beast, 2007 book of the Demonata saga
  • There are 5 sections in the spine

Other uses

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