The genus Spheniscus ("wedge-shaped") contains four living species of penguins collectively known as "the banded penguins", due to their similar coloration. They are sometimes also known as "Jack-ass penguins" due to their loud locator calls sounding similar to a donkey braying. Common traits include a band of black that runs around their bodies bordering their black dorsal coloring, black beaks with a small vertical white band, distinct spots on their bellies, and a small patch of unfeathered or thinly feathered skin around their eyes that can be either white or pink. All members of this genus lay their eggs and raise their young in burrows.
|Image||Common name||Binomial name|
|Magellanic Penguin||Spheniscus magellanicus|
|Humboldt Penguin||Spheniscus humboldti|
|Galápagos Penguin||Spheniscus mendiculus|
|African Penguin or Jackass Penguin||Spheniscus demersus|