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spans'

List of longest suspension bridge spans

This list of suspension bridges ranks the world's suspension bridges by the length of main span (the length of suspended roadway between the towers). The length of main span is the most common method of comparing the sizes of suspension bridges. The length of the main span often correlates with the height of the towers and the engineering complexity involved in designing and constructing the bridge.

Suspension bridges have the longest spans of any type of bridge. Cable-stayed bridges, the next longest design, are practical for spans up to around one kilometer. Thus, the top 14 bridges on this list are also currently the longest 14 spans of all types of vehicular bridges.

Completed suspension bridges

This list only includes bridges that carry automobiles or trains. It does not include cable-stayed bridges, footbridges or pipeline bridges.
Note: Click on each bridge's rank to go to the bridge's official Web site. Ranks with a red asterisk (*) do not have official Web sites, nor do they have English-language versions and are linked instead to a reference entry.

''Note: The main span of The Xihoumen Bridge was completed in 2007, but as of February 24, 2008, it is uncertain if it has been opened for traffic.

    Rank Name Location Main
span
metres
Main
span
feet
Year opened
Akashi-Kaikyō Bridge
(The largest from 1998 to the present)
Kobe- Awaji Route, Japan 1,991 6,529   1998
* Xihoumen Bridge Zhoushan Archipelago, China 1,650 5,414   see note above
Great Belt Bridge (also known as the Storebælt Bridge; Danish: Storebæltsbroen) Halsskov-Sprogø, Denmark 1,624 5,328   1998
Runyang Bridge Yangtze River, China 1,490 4,888   2005

Humber Bridge
(The longest from 1981 until 1998) Barton-upon-Humber - Kingston upon Hull, United Kingdom 1,410 4,626   1981 * Jiangyin Suspension Bridge Yangtze River, China 1,385 4,543   1999 Tsing Ma Bridge
(the largest carrying road and rail traffic) Tsing Yi-Ma Wan, Hong Kong 1,377 4,518   1997 Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
(The largest from 1964 until 1981) New York City (BrooklynStaten Island), USA 1,298 4,260   1964 Golden Gate Bridge
(The largest from 1937 until 1964) San Francisco-Marin County, CA, USA 1,280 4,200   1937 Linked photo * Yangluo Bridge Yangtze River, China 1,280 4,200   2007 Högakustenbron (High Coast Bridge) Ångermanälven river , Sweden 1,210 3,970   1997 Mackinac Bridge Mackinaw City - St. Ignace, Michigan USA 1,158 3,800   1957 Minami Bisan-Seto Bridge (Great Seto Bridge) Kojima-Sakaide Route, Japan 1,118 3,609   1989 * Fatih Sultan Mehmet (Second Bosporus Bridge) Istanbul, Turkey 1,090 3,576   1988 * Boğaziçi (First Bosporus Bridge) Istanbul, Turkey 1,074 3,524   1973 George Washington Bridge
(The largest from 1931 until 1937) Fort Lee, NJ - New York City NY (Manhattan), USA 1,067 3,500   1931 Third Kurushima-Kaikyo Bridge Onomichi-Imabari Route, Japan 1,030 3,379   1999 Second Kurushima-Kaikyo Bridge Onomichi-Imabari Route, Japan 1,020 3,346   1999 * Ponte 25 de Abril (Tagus Bridge) Lisbon, Portugal 1,013 3,323   1966 Forth Road Bridge Firth of Forth, Scotland, UK 1,006 3,300   1964 Kita Bisan-Seto Bridge (Great Seto Bridge) Kojima-Sakaide Route, Japan 990 3,248   1988 Severn Bridge Bristol Channel, United Kingdom 988 3,240   1966 * Yichang Bridge Yichang (Yangtze River), China 960 3,150   2001 Shimotsui-Seto Bridge (Great Seto Bridge) Kojima-Sakaide Route, Japan 940 3,084   1988 * Xiling Bridge Yichang (Yangtze River), China 900 2,952   1996 * Humen Pearl River Bridge Dongguan (Pearl River), Guangdong province, China 888 2,913   1997 Ohnaruto Bridge Kobe-Naruto Route, Japan 876 2,874   1985 Tacoma Narrows Bridge (westbound) Tacoma, WA, USA 853 2,800   1950 Tacoma Narrows Bridge (eastbound) Tacoma, WA, USA 853 2,800   2007 * Askøy Bridge Bergen, Norway 850 2,789   1992 Innoshima Bridge Onomichi-Imabari Route, Japan 770 2,526   1983 * Akinada Bridge Akinada Islands (Hiroshima Pref.), Japan 750 2,461   2000 * Semipalatinsk Bridge Semipalatinsk (Irtysh river), Kazakhstan 750 2,461   2000 Al Zampa Memorial Bridge (New Carquinez Bridge) Carquinez Strait, CA, USA 728 2,388   2003 * Hakucho Bridge Muroran (Hokkaidō Pref.), Japan 720 2,362   1998 * Angostura Bridge Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela 712 2,336   1967 * Kanmonkyo Bridge Honshū-Kyūshū, Japan 712 2,336   1973 San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge (Yerba Buena Island to anchorage) San Francisco - Oakland, CA, USA 704 2,310   1936 San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge (San Francisco to anchorage) San Francisco - Oakland, CA, USA 704 2,310   1936 Bronx-Whitestone Bridge New York, NY, (The Bronx - Queens) USA 701 2,300   1939 Stord Bridge Stord, Norway 677 2,221   2001 * Pierre Laporte Bridge Quebec City, Canada 668 2,190   1970 Delaware Memorial Bridge I New Castle, DE - Pennsville, NJ, USA 655 2,150   1951 Delaware Memorial Bridge II New Castle, DE - Pennsville, NJ, USA 655 2,150   1968 * Haicang Bridge Xiamen, Fujian Province, China 648 2,126   1999 * Gjemnessund Bridge Kristiansund, Norway 623 2,044   1992 Walt Whitman Bridge Philadelphia, PA - Gloucester City, NJ, USA 610 2,000   1957 * Tancarville Bridge Le Havre, France 608 1,995   1959 * New Little Belt Bridge Little Belt, Denmark 600 1,969   1970 First Kurushima-Kaikyo Bridge Onomichi-Imabari Route, Japan 600 1,969   1999 [http://i245.photobucket.com/albums/gg64/z0rgggg/bridges/CJ20-ChongqingEgongyanYangtzeRiverB.jpg Linked photo] * E'gongyan Bridge Chongqing, Sichuan Province, China (Yangtze River) 600 1,969   2000 * Osterøy Bridge Osterøy, Norway 595 1,952   1997 Linked photo * Second Wanxian Bridge Chongqing, China 580 1,903   2004 Bømla Bridge Bømlo, Norway 577 1,893   2001 * Rainbow Bridge Tokyo, Japan 570 1,870   1993 Ambassador Bridge (The largest from 1929 until 1931) Detroit, Michigan, USA – Windsor, Ontario, Canada 564 1,850   1929 Hakata-Ohshima Bridge Onomichi-Imabari Route, Japan 560 1,837   1988 Linked photo * Zhongxian Yangtze River Bridge Chongqing, China 560 1,837   2001 Throgs Neck Bridge New York, NY, (The Bronx - Queens) USA 549 1,800   1961

Benjamin Franklin Bridge (The largest from 1926 until 1929) Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaCamden, New Jersey, USA 533 1,750   1926 * Skjomen Bridge Narvik, Norway 525 1,722   1972 * Kvalsund Bridge Hammerfest, Norway 525 1,722   1977 Linked photo * Matadi Bridge Matadi, Democratic Republic of the Congo 520 1,706   1983 * Kleve-Emmerich Bridge Emmerich am Rhein, Germany 500 1,640   1965 Linked photo * Dazi Bridge Dazi, China 500 1,640   1984 * Gwangan Bridge Busan, South Korea 500 1,640   2002 Bear Mountain Bridge (The largest from 1924 until 1926) Peekskill, NY, USA 497 1,632   1924 Williamsburg Bridge (The largest from 1903 until 1924) New York, NY, (Brooklyn - Manhattan) USA 488 1,600   1903 W. Preston Lane Memorial Bridge I Chesapeake Bay, MD, USA 488 1,600   1952 * Newport Bridge (Sen. Claiborne Pell Bridge) Newport, Rhode Island, RI, USA 488 1,600   1969 W. Preston Lane Memorial Bridge II Chesapeake Bay, MD, USA 488 1,600   1973 Brooklyn Bridge (The largest from 1883 until 1903.) New York, NY, (Brooklyn - Manhattan) USA 486 1,596   1883 * Lions' Gate Bridge North Vancouver - Vancouver, British Columbia Canada 473 1,550   1938 * Sotra Bridge Bergen, Norway 468 1,535   1971 * Hirado Bridge Hirado Island, Japan 460 1,509   1977 * Vincent Thomas Bridge San Pedro, CA, USA 457 1,499   1963 Mid-Hudson Bridge Poughkeepsie, NY, USA 456 1,495   1930 Linked photo * Shantou Bay Bridge Guangdong province, China 452 1,483   1996 Linked photo * Fengdu Bridge Sichuan (Yangtze River), China 450 1,476   1996 Manhattan Bridge New York, NY, (Manhattan - Brooklyn) USA 448 1,470   1909 * Lysefjord Bridge Rogaland, Norway 446 1,463   1997 Angus L. Macdonald Bridge Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada 441 1,447   1955 A. Murray MacKay Bridge Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada 427 1,400   1970 Triborough Bridge New York, NY, (Manhattan - The Bronx - Queens) USA 421 1,380   1936 * Älvsborg Bridge Gothenburg, Sweden 417 1,368   1966 Linked photo * Namhae Bridge Namhae, South Korea 404 1,325   1973 Linked photo * Aquitaine Bridge Bordeaux, France 394 1,293   1967 * Amu Daria River Bridge Bukhara, Uzbekistan 390 1,280   1964 * Cologne Rodenkirchen Bridge Cologne, Germany 378 1,240   1954 St. Johns Bridge Portland, OR, USA 368 1,207   1931 * Wakato Narrows Bridge Kitakyūshū, Japan 367 1,204   1962 * Mount Hope Bridge Mount Hope Bay, RI, USA 366 1,200   1929 Linked photo Ogdensburg Prescott International Bridge (Seaway Skyway) Ogdensburg, NY, USA - Prescott, Ontario, Canada 351 1,151   1960 * Hercilio Luz Bridge Florianopolis, Brazil 340 1,115   1926 Bidwell Bar Bridge Oroville, CA, USA 338 1,108   1965 Linked photo * Varodd Bridge Kristiansand, Norway 337 1,106   1956 Tamar Bridge Plymouth-Saltash, United Kingdom 335 1,100   1961 * Feda Fjord Bridge Feda, Vest-Agder, Norway 335 1,100   2006 * Deer Isle Bridge Penobscot Bay, ME, USA 329 1,088   1939 Linked photo * Otto Beit Bridge Chirundu Zambia to Chirundu, Zimbabwe 328 1,085   1939 Linked photo * Rombak Bridge Nordland, Norway 325 1,066   1964 * Nærøysund Bridge Nord-Trøndelag, Norway 325 1,066   1981 * Simon Kenton Bridge Maysville, KY, USA 323 1,060   1932 * Île d'Orléans Bridge Quebec City, Canada 323 1,059   1936 * John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge (The largest from 1867 until 1883) Cincinnati, OH, USA 322 1,057   1867 * Dent Bridge Orofino, ID, USA 320 1,050   1971 * Cologne Mulheim Bridge Cologne, Germany 315 1,033   1951 Wheeling Suspension Bridge (The largest from 1849 until 1867) Wheeling, WV, USA 308 1,010   1849 Linked photo * Konohana Bridge Osaka, Japan 300 984   1987 Linked photo * Chavanon Viaduct Merlines and Messeix, France (Chavanon Valley) 300 984   2000 Yeongjong Grand Bridge (the largest self-anchored suspension bridge) Incheon, South Korea 300 984   2000 * Elizabeth Bridge Budapest, Hungary 290 951   1964 * Tjeldsund Bridge Harstad, Norway 290 951   1967 Linked photo * Grand-Mère Bridge Grand-Mère, Canada 289 948   1929 * Puente Colgante de Occidente (West Suspension Bridge) Santa Fé de Antioquia, Colombia 287 940   1894 Many bridges with shorter span.

Bridges under construction

Planned and proposed bridges

  • The Sunda Strait Bridge project has been approved by the Indonesian government. If completed, it will not only be the world's longest suspension bridge (26 km), but will also have a main span of about — roughly fifty percent longer than the current record.
  • Several large suspension bridges are planned for China. A suspension bridge is being considered to cross the 22.5 kilometer wide Qiongzhou Strait. One design consists of four bridges strung together with four main-spans of 2,000 meters, two main-spans of 1,800 meters, five anchorages and 10 towers. If completed this bridge will assume six of the top seven slots on this list.
  • The İzmit Bay Bridge crossing the Marmara Sea in Turkey with a span of 1,668 m is planned, but construction not yet started.
  • The Hardanger Bridge, with a main span of 1,310 m, is to be constructed across the fjord Hardangerfjorden in Norway. Construction is estimated to be completed in 2011.
  • The Chacao Channel bridge connecting the island of Chiloé with mainland Chile. This strange design has two mainspans of 1,055 m and 1,100 m without an anchorage between them. Construction was due to begin in 2007 for completion in 2012, however due to cost overruns the project is now on hold.
  • The Strait of Messina Bridge, with a center span of , was planned to connect Italy and Sicily. The project was cancelled on 11 October 2006 by the Romano Prodi-led government amid controversy concerning the bridge's cost and feared Mafia influence The new government from 2008 led by Silvio Berlusconi wants to pick up the project again.
  • A suspension bridge had been suggested for the Strait of Gibraltar with a long span of several kilometres. The suspension cables for a very long bridge might be suspended from the ends of cable-stayed struts extending diagonally from huge pylons. However as of 2008 a Tunnel is planned instead.

Planned bridges never built

  • Construction of the Malta-Gozo Bridge started in the early 1970s, but was stopped after protests from the Gozitans.

Bridges ranked by total length

It is also possible to rank suspension bridges by the total length of suspension. Note that some of these bridges have more than two anchorages, so these are actually multiple bridges. Having more than two towers without a central anchorage could be unstable in some conditions. A modern exception was the design of the proposed Chacao Channel bridge, a project which has been canceled. This innovative bridge was to have two main spans, made possible by the use of a rigid central tower composed of two side-by-side A frames. The stiffness of these frames (as opposed to the flexibility of the usual spar tower) prevents transmission of significant dynamic forces between the mainspans, ensuring dynamic stability in various wind conditions.

  1. Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge (Japan) 3909 m
  2. Kurushima-Kaikyo Bridge (Japan) 3260 m (suspended sections are not all contiguous)
  3. Great Seto Bridge (Japan) 3186 m (two bridges with common anchorage)
  4. San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge (USA) 2822 m (two bridges with common central anchorage)
  5. Great Belt Bridge (Denmark) 2719 m
  6. Mackinac Bridge (USA) 2625 m

History of long spans

Other record holders

See also

External links

References

Note: Some of the information posted on the following sites may differ from that above. As of February 21 2006, the sites were out of date or inaccurate as noted in parenthesis

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