|Population density:||2,435 inhabitants per km²|
|Mayor of Borough:||Konrad Birkholz (CDU)|
|Parliament of Borough (BVV):||CDU 24, SPD 20, Alliance '90/The Greens 4, FDP 3, The Greys 3, The Left Party.PDS 1 (last election 2006)|
In 1156, the Ascanian Earl Albrecht von Ballenstedt ("Albrecht the Bear") took possession of the region. 1197 marked the first mention as Spandowe in a deed of Otto II, Margrave of Brandenburg - thus forty years earlier than the Cölln part of the medieval Berlin. Spandau was given city rights in 1232.
During the Ascanian Rule the construction of the Spandau Citadel began, which was completed between 1559 and 1594 by Joachim II of Brandenburg. In 1558 the village of Gatow became part of Spandau. During the Thirty Years' War Spandau was surrendered to the Swedes in 1634.
In 1806, after the Battle of Jena and Auerstedt, French troops under Napoleon took possession of the city and stayed there until 1807. In 1812, Napoleon returned and the Spandau Citadel was besieged in 1813 by Prussian and Russian troops.
Before World War I, Spandau was a seat of large government cannon foundries, factories for making gunpowder and other munitions of war making it a centre of the arms industry in the German Empire. It was also a garrison town with numerous barracks, home of the 5th Guard Infantry Brigade and the 5th Guard Foot Regiment of the German Army. In 1920, Spandau (whose name had been changed from Spandow in 1878) was incorporated into Greater Berlin as a borough.
After World War II, it was part of the British Occupation Zone in West Berlin and the Spandau Prison, built in 1876, was used to house Nazi war criminals who were sentenced to imprisonment at the Nuremberg Trials. After the death of Rudolf Hess, the prison's last inmate, Spandau Prison was completely demolished by the allied powers and later replaced by a shopping mall.
Modern industries include metal working, chemicals and carpet manufacturing.
Spandau Ballet Veteran Is Still a Hit with Fans Spandau Ballet Veteran Is Still a Hit with Fans; despite the Let-Downs the Voice of the 80s Music Scene Tony Hadley Has No Regrets
Apr 06, 2002; Byline: CARL YAPP TONY Hadley has performed to sellout crowds in 60 different countries and has enjoyed Number 1 hits around the...