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Nashik

http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/maharashtra/roads/nashik_road.jpg Nashik (नाशिक) or Nasik (नासिक) is a city in India's Maharashtra state. Nashik is in the northwest of Maharashtra state, 180 km from Mumbai and 220 km from Pune. Nashik is the administrative headquarters of Nashik District and Nashik Division. The "Wine Capital of India", or the "Grape City", as it is popularly known in recent times, is located in the Western Ghats, on the western edge of the Deccan peninsula on the banks of the Godavari River. The city is known for its picturesque surroundings and pleasant climate. The Godavari River flows through Nashik from its source, which lies to the southwest of the city, in Trimbakeshwar. It is a rapidly developing city with a population close to 1.4 million (2006 est).

Nashik in History

Nasik is also important mythologically, historically, socially and culturally. Known for the temples on the banks of the Godavari, it has historically been one of the holy sites of the Hindu religion. It is one of the four cities that hosts the massive Sinhastha Kumbh Mela once every twelve years.

Ancient Nashik

Legend dictates that the name "Nasik" is derived from the Hindu epic Ramayana. During the exile of Lord Raam, Shoorpanakha the sister of the demon king Raavan tried to seduce Raam. Angered, Raam ordered Lakshman to cut off Shoorpanakha's nose (nasika/naak). According to the Raamayan, Sita was abducted by Raavan from the area called Panchavati in the Western Ghats. It is a popular religious destination within the city limits, today.

The most important Historical significance is that Kumbh Mela, is conducted at Nashik, every once in twelve years, out of 4 places in India.

The famous Infant Jesus Shrine is located at Nashik Road and hosts an annual Infant Jesus Festival..

The most striking historical structure in Nashik is the Trirashmi Caves also known as the Paandav Caves. These were originally vihaars of Buddhist monks carved in stone in the mountain. There are extensive writings in Brahmi script that show that the township of Nashik supported Bhikkhu Sangha from about a century BC to about sixth century AD. One huge cave is a donation of Gautamiputra Saatkarni, the most famous king of Saatkarni dynasty. Another one is made by a Greek (Yavan) father and son who had apparently become monks.

Medieval Nashik

In the recent past, the Moguls were fascinated by the beauty of the city and renamed it as "Gulshanabad" meaning the city of gardens. Beautiful fresh flowers were sent to Aurangazeb from Gulshanabad i.e. Nashik. But it was during the rule of the Peshwas, when the place was finally renamed as Nashik. During the Peshwas period, Raghobadada and his wife Anandibai settled down at 'Anandwalli' in Nashik. There re some remains of Anandibai's fort. There is also a temple called 'Navasha Ganapati' built by Anandibai. It was during the British rule in April 1818, when Nashik once again regained its importance. The British fell in love with the beauty of the city and developed it in various fields. The Golf course, developed by the British, was one of the largest in Asia. Nashik is surrounded by nine hills, namely: Durga, Ganesh, Chitraghanta, Pandav, DingerAli, Mhasarul, Jogwada, Pathanpura and Konkani. This beautiful city with hills surrounding it has lakes, adding to its beauty.

Nashik during the British Rule

In 1869 the region came to enjoy unbroken peace. In 1869, Nashik was made a full-fledged district with its present talukas. With the return of peace Nashik flourished into prosperity. Reasons, political, religious, as well as commercial led to its rapid development. With the construction of the railway, going from Bombay to north-east, from very near the city, religious minded devotees came to be attracted to The town in ever increasing numbers where they made their purchases of various artistic & useful articles. This made Nashik a great trade centre where artisans skilled in manufacturing utensils & smiths excelling in workmanship in silver & gold crowded to ply their trade. Already Nashik was a highly flourishing town even under later Maratha rule & some time during that period the sow car families like barves, Vaishampayans & Gadres of the locality started their financial activity. Under Maratha rule they advanced sums to finance military campaigns of feudal Sardars & in their later times their Pedhi?s gradually began to finance the flourishing trade in metalware & fabrics as well as grapes & onions.21st December 1909. Anant Kanhere shot the collector Jackson in Vijayanand theater. The murder of Jackson challenged the British Rule. The people involved in the incidence, Anant LaxmanKanhere, Krishnaji Gopal Karve and Vinayak Ramchandra Deshpande were sentenced to death. It wasduring this time that 'Abhinav Bharat ' was formed. The young Nashikites were influenced by the speech of Lokmanya Tilak given on the 26th of August 1906. Veer Savarkar successfully organised underground movement against the rulers. The revolutionary activities at Nashik however continued. Although elaborately planned & very cautiously carried out they came to be suddenly interrupted on account of the hot-headed, intemperate & hasty on the part of a group of young men from Aurangabad, who involved some of the weaker members of the Mitra-Mela in their plan. Of these hot-headed persons one Anant Kanhere came to Nashik & on the night of 21st December 1909 suddenly fired at Mr. Jackson, the collector of Nashik when the latter had gone to see a drama 'Sharada' stagd by Kirlosker Natak Mandali in the local Vijayanand theater. The collector died on the spot. This set a whole chain of government inquiry into vigorous activity, the result of which was that all those connected with underground activities in the name of Mitra-Mela, including Savarkar, who at that time had been in India came to be arrested, tried & sentenced to severe punishments. The embers of revolution flared , in those days, into Marathi songs full of patriotic fervour written by various writers, prominent among whom was G.T. Darekar popularly called 'Govind Kavi' whose poems such as 'Who could ever win freedom without fight ?' or addressing his prayer to God Rama & saying 'When, O Rama, wilt thou be pleased to satisfy our burning desire for freedom,
"If Italy be free, why not India ? If Ireland be free, why not India ? If America be free, why not India ?" The tempo in singing such songs in congregation used to enliven the audience & strengthen their determination to face the struggle. Subsequently government banned all such songs & suppressed all undrground activities with a heavy hand. The government had become very sensitive & even an utterance here or there or a display of an objectionable picture led to extreme government action. A few examples would suffice. Shri Khare, a pleader in Nashik , was accused to havesaid the following a few days before the murder of Mr.Jackson : "Today 4 crores of people rule over 33 crores & they have destroyed Indian industries ." . "It is the businessof the white to ruin us black people". "Europeans are like the demon ghost Putana, who was fair outside but poisonous within". " The time for action has come. How many of you ae ready to go to jail or to die?" & the like. Shri Khare was asked to submit a personal bond failing which the High Court recommended that his sanad should be suspended till such time that the order to furnish security continues in force Another interesting case was that of Shridhar Waman Nagarkar of Nashik who was sentenced to three years' rigorous imprisonment for drawing & publishing a picture containing a mythological representation of the slaying of demon Mahish by the Goddess Durga, framed with portrails of certain persons, notorious for sedition. The government took the view that the picture is likely to excite disaffection towards His Majesty or the government established by law in British India. Similar was the case against Devising Mohansing & Shankar Gir Hanumantgir of Nashik for publishing a seditious picture under the title ?Rashtra Purusha?. The former was sentenced to three years? rigorous imprisonment. Given below are the details of Jackson murder case that resulted in the subsequent unrest & discontent:-

Some of the major events in history of Nashik are- {|cellspacing=2 |valign=top|

  • 1840 : Sarvajanik Vachanalaya established. (Public Library
  • 1854 : Sharanpur Colony formed.
  • 1861 : Deolali Cantonment formed.
  • 1862 : Nashik Road railway station was built.
  • 1864 : Nashik Municipality formed
  • 1869 : Nashik district formed.
  • 1894 : Saint Andrew Church built.
  • 1894 : Construction work for Victoria Bridge started
  • 1910 : Police Training School established.
  • 1922 : Distillery started at Nashik Road.
  • 1927 : Security Press formed at Nashik Road.
  • 1941 : Artillery Center migrated to Nashik Road from Quetta in Pakistan.

Nashik today

Modern efforts are on to promote the growth of an export-oriented rose farming and wine industry in the district. Nashik is also deemed "the third most industrialised city of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune", mainly due to extensive industrial development in recent times. It is home to an important thermal power plant (Eklahare) and a National Treasury Printing Press (India Security Press at Nashik Road). There are five "Industrial Zones" in the Nashik area and its outskirts (Satpur, Ambad, Sinnar, Igatpuri and Dindori). Nashik has a number of sugar mills. It is also chief exporter of white onion and pomegranates.

Many renowned Indian and MNC firms established themselves in Nashik:

  • Sharda Motor Industries Limited
  • Mahindra and Mahindra
  • Crompton Greaves
  • Robert Bosch Group
  • Thyssen Krupp
  • Samsonite
  • CEAT
  • Atlas Copco
  • L&T
  • HLL
  • Cable Corporation of India
  • Siemens
  • Caprihans
  • ABB
  • VIP Luggage
  • Jindal Steel
  • Perfect Circle
  • Garware
  • Kirloskar Oil Engines
  • Gabriel
  • IBP
  • Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), a premier state-owned aeronautical industry is situated at Ojhar Township in Nashik District of Maharashtra State. It is engaged in the design, manufacture and overhaul of a variety of aviation products from basic trainers to highly sophisticated supersonic fighters, helicopters, transport aircraft, engines, accessories and systems.

Nashik is also emerging as a BPO/IT destination and is in list of the selected Tier II cities for BPO/IT companies. Recently V-TECH has been completed, companies like Datamatics and WNS have presence in Nashik.

Nasik is now becoming metro in now a days as more and more malls, Multiplexes are coming up in the city. Almost all brand outlets are having places in Nasik. Approximately 4 Multiplexes are coming in the city with SRS Cinema, PVR Multiplex, inox etc.

Nashik is also the educational hub of Northwestern Maharashtra. The Yashawatrao Chavhan Maharashtra Open University (YCMOU) is leading open university located near Gangapur village at west side of Nashik. Many major colleges like K.K.Wagh Institute of Engineering Education & Research, Sir Visvesvaraya Memorial COE Chincholi , Nashik District Maratha Vidya Prasarak Samaj's College of Engineering and MET College of Engineering, MET Polytechnic dot the city. The KTHM College of Architecture is supposed to be one of the best Architectural colleges in Maharashtra. Mahatma Gandhi Vidhyamandir's L.V.H. College, HPT Arts and RYK Science are among the oldest colleges in Nashik. Lately, there have been several new colleges.

Gangapur Road, College Road and Trimbak Road form the lifelines of the suburbs.

For many though, Nasik is just a pit-stop en route to Shirdi or Trimbakeshwar. But if one decides to stop and look around the city and its outskirts, there's plenty to see. The Gangapur Dam is a beautiful site. The Dudhsagar fall near the village of Gangapur is worth a look in the rains. Gangapur village, a few kilometers away is a Stone Age site. On the road to Trimbakeshwar is the state's only Museum of Numismatics (study of coins). Anjaneri Parvat near Trimbakeshwar is well known for waterfalls during monsoon. Pandav Caves the 4th Century BC cave of Buddhist origin, a Bird Santury "Nandur-Madhyameshwar" popularly know as "Bharatpur of Maharashtra" which was started in 1950s is little away from the city, but is a mesmerizing place for nature (bird) lovers.

Apart from the private industry, Nashik was very popular even during the British times. There are numerous structures of the Colonial Days across the city, and there are a lot of Anglo Indians families who have settled in Nashik-Road.

The most famous Government Offices at Nashik.

The Security Printing Press at Nashik Road, The Postal printing Press at Gandhi Nagar, The Artilery Centre.(Asia's largest Military Base), as well as Deolali Contonment. Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd., Ojhar. Airforce Station, Ojhar.

Areas Of Nashik

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  • Panchavati
  • Dahipool
  • Main Road
  • Shukla Lane
  • Tapovan
  • Ekhlahre
  • Adgaon
  • Hirawadi
  • Ramkund
  • Dwarka
  • Kathe Galli
  • Shivaji Nagar
  • Bodhle Nagar
  • Deep Nagar
  • Up Nagar
  • Tagore Nagar
  • DJP Nagar
  • Nashik Road
  • Devlali
  • Devlali Camp

  • Gandhi Nagar
  • Mhasobha Nagar
  • Francis Wadi
  • Pakhal Road
  • Vaidya Nagar
  • Wadala
  • Bhabhanagar
  • Mumbai Naka
  • Tidke Colony
  • Thakkar Bazar
  • Ganjmal
  • CBS
  • Gangapur Road
  • Sharanpur Road
  • College Road
  • Canada Corner
  • Sharanpur
  • Ashok Stambh
  • Main Road
  • MG Raod
  • RK
  • Gangapur
  • Ananadvali
  • Satpur
  • Ambad
  • Satpur MIDC
  • Ambad MIDC
  • Indira Nagar
  • CIDCO
  • Mahatma Nagar
  • Trimbak Road
  • Rane Nagar
  • Ashwin Nagar
  • Govind Nagar
  • Wadala Naka
  • Bhadrakali
  • Pathardi
  • Pathatdi Fata
  • kamatwada
  • Kazipura
  • Badi Darghah

Economy

Nashik today is one of the fastest growing economic cities of India.Many industries,It Parks have been setup here.Agriculture also has a huge impact on the Economy of Nasik.

Agriculture

Nasik is very famous for its Grapes,Onion and Tomatoes.All of which is grown in huge quantities.The farmers in Nasik however grow many more fruits and vegetables.The Wine culture is growing at an alarming speed both in terms of the growers and for the Wine makers.Nasik was famous for its Table Grapes for a very long time.The Table Grape revolution was started in Ojhar(MIG) a small town near Nasik in early 1925 by Shree Ramrao.Jairamji.Gaikwad,also known to have been the first person to commercially grow Table Grapes in Maharashtra.He is very well known as the Father of Indian Grapes.Since Grape cultivation was spread like forest fire.Shree Ramrao.J.Gaikwad revolutionised not only the Grape growing but also other crop cultivation practices.Today Table Grapes are being exported in great quantities to Europe,Middle East Asia and parts of South East Asia.Table Grapes are also used to make Raisens and Juices.Nasik also exports a reasonable quantity of Onions.Agriculture contributes greatly towards the economy of Nasik

The Indian Security Press

The India Security Press (the National treasury press) was the biggest employer in Nashik for

many decades until the late eighties when a service-based economy started to thrive.

The existence of the India Security Press is very beneficial to Nashik citizens, not only it provided employment to thousands of residents for the past few decades and spawned the surrounding economy but also because it has kept the green canopy in the city protected. It also has an adjoining Gymkhana and a large playground, which is a favorite games/exercise spot for children and adults alike.

IT Parks

In recent days, the government has decided to prepare IT parks in the city of Nasik Road. When these IT parks will be ready, there will be a great boost to Information Technology sector in Nashik. There are many industries like Mahindra and Mahindra an automobile industry,MICO Bosch are located at Satpur.Hindustan Aeronautics Limited is a fighter aircraft manufacturing company at Ojhar(mig) 20 km from Nashik at east side. The V-Tech park is one of the largest IT parks of Maharashtra.

Industrial Hub

World greatest manufacturers have setup a plant in Nashik MIDC area : Crompton Greaves Limited (Indian multinational engaged in design, manufacturing, and marketing of products related to power generation, transmission, and distribution.), ABB Ltd (Swiss's leading manufacturer in Switch gear, Transformer etc...), Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd (all kind of automobile especially Jeep--Bolero, Scorpio, Commander,Marshall, Tractors), Kirloskar Oil (Manufactures crude oil for tractors),Ceat Tyres, all kind of tyres manufactureres,Schnider, Jyothi Structure (manufactures railway track for Indian railway),VIP Ltd (Bags & Accessories),Graphite India Ltd (Largest Electrode manufacturer),Surya Murphy (Electrical & Electronic manufacturer),Glaxo Pharma (India's leading pharma industry),Coco-cola (worlds leading beverage company),nearly 200 sugar manufacturing factories,Victor Gasket Ltd..these are the some of the companies. Besides these even IT sectors has entered a market, but the growth is little slow due to lack of infrastructure and technical support.

Climate

Extremes: max 44.8 °C (108.3 °F) on May 12, 1960, at Nasik. The lowest, also at Nasik, was 0.6 °C (33.1 °F) on January 7, 1945.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Nashik had a population of 1,076,967. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Nashik has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 66%. In Nashik, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education

Nashik has got many educational institutes and colleges as well as school with good facilities and utilities and a well teaching staff.

Schools

There are more than 300 schools in Nashik. Some of them are:

  • D D Bytco High School,Nashik Road.
  • Abhinav Bal Vikas Mandir,Gangapur Road,KTHM College,Nashik.
  • Adarsh English Medium School,CBS road, Ashok Stambh,Nashik.
  • Adarsh Vidyalaya,CBS road,Nashik.
  • AP Vidyalaya,Peth-Dindori Road,Panchavati,Nashik.
  • Ashoka Universal School,Ashok Marg,Nashik-South,Nashik.
  • Babubhai Kalmadia English Medium School,Ramkund,Panchavati,Nashik.
  • Bright Sparks English Medium School,Mahatma Nagar,Nashik.
  • Boys Town Public School,Near Tibetan Market,Siddarth Nagar,Nashik-West,Nashik.
  • CDO Meri High School,Surat Road,Meri-Makhbalabad,Nashik.
  • Donbosco English Medium School,Gangapur Road,Nashik.
  • Fravashi Academy,Trimbakeshkar Road,Mahatma Nagar,Nashik.
  • Fravashi International School
  • Horizon Academy
  • HighFlier's Academey
  • Modern English School
  • Nirmala Convent
  • New Era English School
  • Orchid International School
  • Pethe High School
  • Rangubai Junnare English Medium High School
  • Rangubai Junnare English Medium Primary & Montessori School
  • Ryan International School
  • Rachana Vidyalaya
  • Rashbihari International School
  • Silver Oak High School
  • St. Francis High School
  • St. Lawewnce High School
  • St. Sadique High School
  • St. Xavier's High School
  • St. Josephs Kilbil School
  • Sacred Heart Convent School
  • Sagar Mal Modi
  • Sarda Kanya Vidyalaya
  • Symbiosis

Colleges and Institutes

Nashik is full of Institutes. Some of them are- {|cellspacing=2 |valign=top|

  • K.K Wagh Engineering College

  • SIR VISVESVARAYA MEMORIAL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, CHINCHOLI, NASHIK
  • HPT College
  • KTHM College
  • MET College
  • RYK College
  • Bitco College
  • SMRK College
  • BYK College
  • Sandeep Foundation
  • Bramha Valley
  • Panchavati College
  • Mahavir College.
  • Meri Engineering College-Girls.
  • YCMOU Open University.
  • Harsul Arts and Science College,Harsul,Nashik.
  • National Urdu College.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya(College).
  • J.D Bytco Arts, Science and Commerce College.
  • D.D Bytco College,Nashik Road.
  • VN Naik College.
  • Guru Gobind Singh College.
  • G.D.Sawant College.
  • MSG College, Malegaon,Nashik.

Nashik is one of the fastest developing cities in India, it is supposed to be a metro-in-making. It has been transformed tremendously from being a pilgrimage city to the Wine Capital of India.

There is also Bhosala Military school, N.D.M.V.P.Engineering, Medical colleges & KKW, MET colleges

Personalaties

Some of the famous personalities from Nashik. Kusumagraj or V. V. Shirwadkar who was honoured by one of the highest awards in Indian literature, the "Gyanpeeth" (a.k.a "Dnyaan-peeth") for his overall contribution to Marathi literature. Dadasaheb Phalke - the pioneer of Indian Cinema and of Bollywood who made the first ever Indian movie.Shree RamRao Jairamji Gaikwad also known as the father of Indian grapes. Pandit D. V. Paluskar - noted personality from Indian classical music. Bhagur near Nashik is the birth place of Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar popularly known as " Veer Savarkar " one of the freedom fighter during Indian freedom struggle.

Entertainment and Modern Nashik

Malls

Nashik is well famous for its entertaing Malls and shopping centres.Malls of Nashik- {|cellspacing=2 |valign=top|

  • BIG BAZAR,College Road.
  • BIG BAZAR,Nashik Road.
  • BIG BAZAR,Malegaon.
  • Vishal Mega Mart, Bombay Naka.
  • Vishal Mega Mart, Nashik Road.
  • Mega Mart,Gangapur Road.
  • MORE,Sharanpur Road.
  • MORE,Gangapur Road.
  • MORE, Nashik Road.
  • MORE, Indira Nagar.
  • MORE, College Road.
  • MORE,Panchavati.
  • MORE, Gadkari Chowk.
  • SPENCERS, Chandak Circle.
  • SPENCERS, Gangapur Road.
  • SPENCERS, Panchavati.
  • LOOT,Nasik-Poona Road.
  • RELIANCE FRESH,Panchavati.
  • RELIANCE FRESH,Nasik-Poona Road.
  • RELIANCE FRESH, Nashik-Road.
  • RELIANCE FRESH,Sharanpur Road.
  • DREAMS,Dream city, Nashik-Pune Road.
  • REGIMENTAL MALL,Nashik Road.

Nashik City Center Mall

Nashik City Center mall at the banyan chowk is the biggest mall in Maharashtra state. It is about 900m long and has 15 floors. It was named as Nashik City Center after a contest held by Radio Mirchi. It has many appliances and is scheduled to open by Februauy,2009.

Theaters and Multiplexes

{|cellspacing=2 |valign=top|

  • Ashok Theater.
  • ChitraMandir
  • Damodar
  • Anuradha,Nashik Road.
  • Prabhat Cinema.
  • Vikas.
  • Circle.
  • Circle Multiplex(Upcoming)
  • Mahalaxmi
  • Cinemax,College Road
  • Cinemax Regimental,Nashik Road.
  • Adlabs,CIDCO.
  • FAME.
  • INOX,Nashik City Center Mall.
  • CINEMAX,Nashik city Center Mall.
  • DREAMS,Dream city.

Transport

Nashik has a Railway Station named Nashik Road, located 10 km away from the city. Perhaps this distance has created another city near the railway station called Devlali, which houses a military cantonment. Nashik city is run by a municipal corporation. Nashik Road is the busiest Railway station in Bhusawal division of Central Railway. In olden days, a horse drawn carriage used to ply on rail between Nashik Road and Nashik City, mostly to ferry devotees of Godavari River. Most of the trains going to or coming from Mumbai halt at Nashik Road.

References

External links

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