Songjiang or Sungkiang, former province (c.32,000 sq mi/82,880 sq km), NE China. Mudanjiang was the capital. It was one of nine provinces created in Manchuria by the Chinese Nationalist government after World War II. Since the Nationalists never gained effective control of Manchuria, the province existed only on paper. It was bordered on the east by the USSR, and along part of the southern border ran the Nen (Nonni) and Songhua rivers. In 1954, Songjiang became part of Heilongjiang prov.
or Sung-chiang

Town (population 1998 est.: 490,300), Shanghai municipality, eastern China. It was a superior prefecture under the Ming and Qing dynasties. Originally a major rice-growing centre, by the 18th century it had gained an international reputation for cotton textiles. During the Taiping Rebellion (1850–64) it was badly damaged in the fighting to defend Shanghai; it is the burial place of the U.S. adventurer Frederick T. Ward, who commanded Western troops who fought the rebellion. Shanghai's phenomenal 19th-century growth took away the town's role as a commercial centre; although it remains dominated by Shanghai, it has some industry and is a tourist destination for Shanghai residents.

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