A member of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Somerset Island is a large island across the 2km wide Bellot Strait from the Boothia Peninsula in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. It has an area of 9,570 square miles (24,786 km²), making it the 45th largest island in the world and Canada's twelfth largest island. It is uninhabited.
Around 1000 AD, the north coast of Somerset Island was inhabited by the Thule people, as evidenced by whale bones, tunnels and stone ruins. In late 1848, James Clark Ross, commanding two ships, landed at Port Leopold on the northeast coast to winter. In April the following year, he launched an exploration of the island by sledge.
In 1937, the Fort Ross trading post was established by the Hudson's Bay Company at the southeastern end of the island. Only eleven years later, however, it was closed, as the severe ice conditions rendered it uneconomical and difficult to access. This left the island uninhabited. The former store and manager's house are still used as shelters by Inuit caribou hunters from Taloyoak.
The Athelney cartulary, documenting the 9th-century foundation of a monastery on the Somerset island by Alfred the Great, has been discovered on a dusty shelf at Petworth House in West Sussex.(Brief Article)
Oct 01, 2001; The Athelney cartulary, documenting the 9th-century foundation of a monastery on the Somerset island by Alfred the Great, has...
New species of the cyathaspidid Poraspis (Agnatha: Heterostraci) from the Late Silurian and Early Devonian of Northwest Territories, Canada
Mar 01, 1998; ABSTRACT-Four new species of cyathaspidid extend the range of the genus Poraspis back into the Late Silurian and indicate that...