Job Corps is a no-cost education and vocational training program administered by the Office of the United States Secretary of the Department of Labor. It serves youth, ages 16 through 24.
Job Corps offers career planning, on-the-job training, job placement, residential housing, food service, driver's education, health and dental care, a bi-weekly basic living allowance and clothing allowance. Some centers offer childcare programs for single parents as well. Esther R. Johnson was appointed national director of the Office of Job Corps on March 24, 2006.
Since its inception in 1964, under the Economic Opportunity Act, Job Corps has provided more than two million young people with the integrated academic, vocational, and social skills training they need to gain independence and get quality, long-term jobs or further their education. Job Corps continues to help 60,000 youths annually at 123 Job Corps and Civilian Conservation Centers throughout the country.
Besides vocational training, all Job Corps centers also offer GED programs as well as high school diplomas and programs to get students into college. Job Corps provides career counseling and transition support to its students for up to one year after they graduate from the program.
The Job Corps was initiated as the central program of the Johnson Administration's War on Poverty
, part of his domestic agenda known as the Great Society
. Sargent Shriver
, the first Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity
, modeled the program on the Depression
-era Civilian Conservation Corps
(CCC). Established in the 1930s as an emergency relief program, the CCC provided room, board, and employment to thousands of unemployed young people. Though the CCC was discontinued after World War II
, Job Corps built on many of its methods and strategies.
Job Corps mission statement
As a national, primarily residential, career development program, Job Corps' stated mission is to:
- attract eligible young people.
- teach them the skills they need to become employable and independent, and
- place them in meaningful jobs or further education.
To enroll in Job Corps, students must meet the following requirements:
- Be between 16 and 24
- Be a United States citizen or legal resident or must have a legal status
- Meet income requirements
- Be ready, willing, and able to participate fully in an educational environment
- If you are under the age of 18 and have a child, you are eligible to receive TANF. If not, you must find a way to get assistance for the solo parent program.
Below are some career
paths offered by Job Corps.
Job Corps has 122 centers in the following regions:
- Albuquerque Job Corps Center
- Anaconda Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Boxelder Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Carville Job Corps Center
- Cass Job Corps Center
- Clearfield Job Corps Center
- Collbran Job Corps Civilian Conservation Ceneter
- David L. Carrasco Job Corps Center
- Gary Job Corps Center
- Guthrie Job Corps Center
- Kicking Horse Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Laredo Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Little Rock Job Corps Center
- North Texas Job Corps Center
- Ouachita Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Quentin N. Burdick Job Corps Center
- Roswell Job Corps Center
- Shreveport Job Corps Center
- Talking Leaves Job Corps Center
- Trapper Creek Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Treasure Lake Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Tulsa Job Corps Center
- Weber Basin Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Alaska Job Corps Center
- Angell Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Cascades Job Corps Center
- Centennial Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Columbia Basin [Moses Lake] Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Curlew Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Fort Simcoe Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Fred G. Acosta Job Corps Center
- Hawaii Job Corps Center
- Inland Empire Job Corps Center
- Long Beach Job Corps Center
- Los Angeles Job Corps Center
- Partners in Vocational Opportunity Training (PIVOT) Job Corps Center
- Phoenix Job Corps Center
- Sacramento Job Corps Center
- San Diego Job Corps Center
- San Jose Job Corps Center
- Sierra Nevada Job Corps Center
- Springdale Job Corps Center
- Timber Lake Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
- Tongue Point Job Corps Center
- Treasure Island Job Corps Center
- Wolf Creek Job Corps Civilian Conservation Center
Oregon also has a Job Corps, located in Astoria, Oregon.