formerly Sukhumi ancient Dioscurias.

Seaport (pop., 2002 est.: 45,000), Republic of Georgia. Located on the Black Sea, it was the site of an ancient Greek colony that was later held successively by the Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans, and Russians. It became a popular resort. After Georgia's independence (1991) from the Soviet Union, it was the centre of a rebellion for Abkhazian independence and became the capital of the autonomous republic of Abkhazia.

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