Sohag (سوهاج) is the capital of Sohag Governorate in Egypt. It lies on the west bank of the Nile. Sohag is surounded by villages and agricultural activity. It is home to the Church of the Red Monastery (Deir el-Ahmar), a sixth-century Christian church. The church's lavish interior murals are currently under restoration in a project funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development and the American Research Center in Egypt.sohag is one of poorest governorate in egypt.