is a variation on classic whist
for two players. The game is most likely of British
Players and Cards
German Whist is a two player game using a standard deck of 52 cards
ranked A (high) K Q J
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 (low) in each suit
The initial dealer
is chosen by cutting the deck, and the turn to deal alternates after each hand
. Each player is dealt 13 cards, dealt one at a time. The twenty-seventh card is placed face-up on the face-down talon
. The suit of this face-up card is the trump
suit for the entire hand.
The non-dealer chooses any card to play for the first trick
and the other player must follow suit if he can.
If both cards are the same suit then the higher card wins. If they are of different suits the first player wins unless the second player played a trump, in which case the trump wins.
The winner of the trick takes the face-up card and adds it to his hand, the loser then takes the face-down card below it without showing it to his opponent. The next card in the talon is then turned over and the winner plays first in the next trick. Each player stays with 13 cards in his hand until the talon is exhausted. After this another 13 tricks are played without replenishment until the cards in both players hands are exhausted.
There are at least two variants on scoring. The winner is the player who wins the most tricks in:
- the whole game (26 tricks)
- after the talon is exhausted (13 tricks)
The strategy for the two variants, in the first stage, is slightly different. In the first variant the player must balance winning the current trick against the probability of winning future tricks. In the second variant the player must only try to assemble the best possible hand for the second stage.
Downloadable software is available from the following websites:
References Hoyle, Edmond
(2000). Hoyle's Official Rules of Card Games
. Australia: Redwood Editions. ISBN 1-86515-153-X.