"Small and Smaller"
is the title of an opinion column written
by Thomas L. Friedman
and published on the web site
(and possibly printed in the newspaper
) of The New York Times
on 4 March 2004
In the article, Friedman separated globalization into three distinct phases, as follows.
- Globalization 1.0 occurred between the late 19th century and World War I. It was caused by the decreasing price of transportation.
- Globalization 2.0 occurred between the 1980s and the year 2000. This particular phase was caused by decreasing prices of both telecommunication and the personal computer.
- Globalization 3.0, according to Friedman, was still occurring as he wrote "Small and Smaller" (and it presumably began in the year 2000). This phase was being caused firstly by large-scale deployment of optical fiber under the oceans, and other bandwidth-increasing technology or technologies, secondly by the proliferation of personal computers around the world, and thirdly by a variety of computer programs that had combined "to create global 'work-flow platforms'".