Čáslav is a town in eastern part of Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.


History of Čáslav begins after year 800 with founding of citadel and settlement called Hrádek. Near Hrádek, new town with huge square was founded by king Přemysl Otakar II in 1250. In 1421, Bohemian parliament debated in Čáslav and voted new Hussite government. During Thirty Years' War, in 1639 and 1642, Čáslav was devastated and burnt down by Swedish troops. In 1751 Čáslav became centre of region (county). Čáslav museum, one of the oldest regional museums in Bohemia was founded in 1864. In 1910, part of cranium of famous Hussite general Jan Žižka z Trocnova was discovered in Čáslav parish church.


The synagogue was built between 1899 and 1900 in moorish style, designed by architect Wilhelm Stiassny, used until 1939 by the local Jewish community, that was almost totally wiped off during the Shoah. After the WWII it was used as a warehouse, between 1969-1989 as a gallery, after 1989 it was returned to the Jewish Community in Prague and has been recently restored.

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