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sky-colored

Studio Ghibli

is a Japanese animation film studio, and previously was a subsidiary of Tokuma Shoten. The company's logo features the character Totoro from the film My Neighbor Totoro.

Several anime features created by Studio Ghibli have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award including Castle in the Sky in 1986, My Neighbor Totoro in 1988, and Kiki's Delivery Service in 1989. In 2002, Spirited Away won an Oscar for Best Animated Feature, the first anime film to win an Academy Award.

Name

The name ghibli derives from the nickname the Italians used for their Saharan scouting planes in the Second World War (and later for the AMX International AMX), which is derived from the Libyan word for hot wind blowing through the Sahara Desert (also known as sirocco).

Though the Italian word is pronounced with hard /g/, the Japanese pronunciation of the studio's name is dʑíbɯɺi . The theory behind the name was that the studio was blowing a new wind into the Japanese anime industry.

History

Founded in 1985, the studio is headed by the acclaimed director Hayao Miyazaki along with his colleague and mentor Isao Takahata, as well as the studio's executive managing director and long-time producer Toshio Suzuki. Its origins date back to 1983, with the film Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind, which was popularized as a serialized manga in a publication of Tokuma Shoten's Animage magazine after the original screenplay was rejected. The film was eventually produced by Topcraft and the film's success spurred the formation of Ghibli. Much of Ghibli's works are distributed in Japan by the noted film distributor Toho. Tokuma is the parent company of Studio Ghibli, and it has provided the Walt Disney Company with the video rights to all of Ghibli's output that did not have previous international distribution, including the global, non-Japan distribution rights to Princess Mononoke and Spirited Away. Miyazaki's film, Howl's Moving Castle, was based on a book by British author Diana Wynne Jones, published in several countries including Canada and the United States. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtrack for all of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films.

The most famous and lauded film from the studio that was not directed by Miyazaki is Grave of the Fireflies, directed by Isao Takahata, a sad film focusing on the lives of two war orphans towards the end of Second World War in Japan.

Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles about the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works frequently graces the cover of the magazine.

The company is well-known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad. This has stemmed from the disastrous dubbing of Miyazaki's Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind when the film was released in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The film was heavily edited and Americanized, with significant portions cut and the plot rewritten. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. In response, a Studio Ghibli producer sent an authentic katana with a simple message: "No cuts".

Miyazaki's latest film, Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea, was released in Japan on July 19, 2008.

On February 1 2008, Toshi Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president which he held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. He has revealed that Takahata and Goro Miyazaki (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) are developing projects for release after Hayao Miyazaki's Ponyo. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli sell its videos since 1996, as well as helped to release the Princess Mononoke film in the United States.

Works

Films (Theatrical & TV, excluding Ghibli Museum releases)

Film Original release date Director
Lupin III: Castle of Cagliostro (released before the formation of Studio Ghibli) 1979 Hayao Miyazaki
Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (released before the formation of Studio Ghibli) March 41984 Hayao Miyazaki
Laputa: Castle in the Sky August 21986 Hayao Miyazaki
Grave of the Fireflies (shown alongside My Neighbor Totoro) April 161988 Isao Takahata
My Neighbor Totoro (shown alongside Grave of the Fireflies) April 161988 Hayao Miyazaki
Kiki's Delivery Service July 291989 Hayao Miyazaki
Only Yesterday July 201991 Isao Takahata
Porco Rosso July 181992 Hayao Miyazaki
I Can Hear the Sea (also known as Ocean Waves) May 51993 Tomomi Mochizuki
Pom Poko July 161994 Isao Takahata
Whisper of the Heart July 151995 Yoshifumi Kondo
Princess Mononoke July 121997 Hayao Miyazaki
My Neighbors the Yamadas July 171999 Isao Takahata
Ritual (live-action film produced by Studio Ghibli's live-action offshoot, Studio Kajino) December 72000 Hideaki Anno
Spirited Away July 272001 Hayao Miyazaki
Ghiblies Episode 2 (shown alongside The Cat Returns) July 202002 Yoshiyuki Momose
The Cat Returns (shown alongside Ghiblies Episode 2) July 202002 Hiroyuki Morita
Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence (co-production between Studio Ghibli and Production I.G) March 62004 Mamoru Oshii
Howl's Moving Castle November 202004 Hayao Miyazaki
Tales from Earthsea July 292006 Gorō Miyazaki
Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea July 19 2008 Hayao Miyazaki
Unnamed Yoshiyuki Momose Film 2009 or 2010 Yoshiyuki Momose
Unnamed Isao Takahata Film 2009 or 2010 Isao Takahata
Unnamed Gorō Miyazaki film TBA Gorō Miyazaki

Short films (TV, Ghibli Museum, and OVA)

  • Ghiblies (2000) (TV short film)
  • (2002) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
  • (2002) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
  • (2003) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
  • (2003) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
  • (2003)
  • (2005) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
  • (2005) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
  • (2005) (Shown at the Ghibli Museum)
  • (2006)
  • (2007)

Music videos (Theatrical and TV)

Commercials

  • "Sora Iro no Tane" (The Sky-Colored Seed) (1992) (TV spot for Nippon TV)
  • "Nandarou" (1992) (TV commercial for NHK)
  • "Hotaru No Haku" (1996) (Kinyou Roadshow houeikokuchi spot)
  • "Kinyou Roadshow" (1996) (Announcement spot for Kinyou Roadshow opening)
  • "Umacha" (2001) (TV commercials)
  • "Shop-One" (Online Shopping Mall Announcement Spot)
  • "House Shokuhin" (House Shokuhin Campaign Commercial)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (House Shokuhin Series Commercial, Summer Version)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (House Shokuhin Series Commercial, Winter Version)
  • "Hajimaru yo, Erai Koccha-hen" (KNB YumeDigi PR Spot)
  • "Kawaraban-hen" (Corporate commercial for Yomiuri Shinbubsha)
  • "Dore Dore Hikkoushi-hen" (Corporate commercial for Yomiuri Shinbubsha)
  • "Risona Ginkou" (Corporate commercial)

Video games

Other works

The works listed here consist works that don't fall into the above categories. Many of these films have been released on DVD in Japan.

Related works

These works were not created by Studio Ghibli, but were produced by members of Topcraft that went on to create Studio Ghibli in 1985; produced by Toei Animation, Nippon Animation or other studios and featuring involvement by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, or other Ghibli staffers; or created in cooperation with Studio Ghibli.

Pre-Ghibli

Cooperative works

Distributive works

These Western animated films have been distributed by Studio Ghibli, and now through their label, Ghibli Museum Library

In addition, Takahata, working with staff from the studio, contributed a segment to the 2004 experimental animation anthology Winter Days (Fuyu no Hi).

Contributive works

Studio Ghibli has made contributions to the following anime series and movies.

See also

References

External links

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