"And your Lord says: "Call on Me; I will answer your (Prayer)!"
Muhammad is also reported to have stated that "The best form of worship is du'a.
Some noble Muslims especially Ali and his greatson Zayn al-Abidin introduced numerous Dua which learn every Muslim how to pray and ask God. These Dua are gathered in Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Zayn al-Abidin or be separated and gathered by other schorls such as Mafatih al-Janan.
"Say: 'I do no more than invoke my Lord, and I join not with Him any (false god).'"
Islamic belief says that only 'God (Allah) can hear anything and knows the situation a person is in and is capable of responding to a person's request. In the Quran, the following verse describes all other objects to which du'a is made to, other than God. Quran; Surah Al-Fatir Verse 14:
"If ye invoke them , they will not listen to your call, and if they were to listen, they cannot answer your (prayer). On the Day of Judgment they will reject your 'Partnership'. and none, (O man!) can tell thee (the Truth) like the One Who is acquainted with all things."
The Quran commands mankind to make du'a to Allah in the following terms:
And your Lord says: "Call on Me; I will answer your (Prayer): but those who are too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in Hell - in humiliation!
In Islamic belief, worship is a right that is due only to God, and it is shirk to divert any act of worship to other than God.
However, the mainstream Shia schools of thought hold that one may supplicate to God by means of an intermediary, such us by saying "Oh God, fulfill my need by the baraka (or Wasilah) of so and so" wherein the prayer is directed to God, but mention is made of someone, or something beloved to God.
Type I: Du'a al-mas'alah, or the 'du'a of asking.' This type of du'a is when one asks for the fulfillment of a need, or that some harm be removed from him. An example would be when a person asks, "O God! Grant me good in this world, and good in the next life!"
Type II: Du'a al-ibadah, or the 'du'a of worship.' This type of du'a represents a very broad concept. In Islam, every single act of worship includes this type of du'a. Examples would include when a Muslim prays salat or gives zakaat or fasts.
bgcolor=#F0FFF0|An extract of Dua Abu Hamza al-Thumali by Zayn al-Abidin:
All Praise is for Allah who treats me with clemency, just as if I have no sin. So my Lord is the most praised by me of all, and most worthy of my praise. O' Allah! I find the roads of wishes to You wide open, And the rivers of hope to You vast and running, And counting on Your bountifulness (in times of need) for those who wished You freely accessible, And the gates of prayer to those who are disparate, wide ajar, And I know that You are for those who ask You in the position of answer, And for those who are distressed, You are in a posture of rescue.
Or, Who listens to the [soul] distressed when it calls on Him, and Who relieves its suffering, and makes you inheritors of the earth? So is there any god besides Allah? Little it is that ye heed!
In Surah Al-Jinn Verse 18 it says: "And the places of worship are for God [alone]: So invoke not any one along with God;'
In Surah Al-An'am Verse 40 it says: Say: "Think ye to yourselves, if there come upon you the wrath of God, or the Hour [that ye dread], would ye then call upon other than God?- [reply] if ye are truthful!
In Surah Al-A'raf Verse 194 it says: Verily those whom ye call upon besides God are servants like unto you: Call upon them, and let them listen to your prayer, if ye are [indeed] truthful!
In Surah Al-A'raf Verse 197 it says: "But those ye call upon besides Him, are unable to help you, and indeed to help themselves."
There are many ways of performing Tawassul, as mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah, one may make mention of the names and attributes of God (See 99 Names of Allah) or a good deed one has done, a blessed time such as Ramadhan, or any blessed person including Muhammad. One could also ask the pious to make du'a to God on one's behalf. But the asking through another person (including Muhammad) is strongly disputed by the Sunni scholars. It should be noted that Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal allowed, practised and encouraged tawassul through Muhammad. Hafidh Ibn Taymiyyah was the first renowned Sunni scholar who disallowed tawassul through deceased including Muhammad.
It was asked, "O Messenger of God?...What does it mean to be hasty?" Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam responded "A worshipper says, 'I have prayed and prayed , and I don't yet see that it will be accepted; so he gives up hope of being answered, and leaves du'a'.
Basically this means that a person makes du'a and it does not get answered right away so a person gives up and stops asking for it. The type of hastiness that is forbidden in Islam is that a person leaves du'a, thinking that God will not respond to it. In Islam, Muslims are instructed to not give up du'a because they do not see a response immediately. This can be supported by verses in the Quran and Hadiths. In Surah Al-Anbiya Verse 19 it says:
Unto Him belongeth whosoever is in the heavens and the earth. And those who dwell in His presence are not too proud to worship Him, nor do they weary;
Muhammad is reported to have said: "You will be responded to as long as you are not hasty (meaning that you give up du'a)
The word hasty is used because it means that a person is hasty in expecting a response.
According to this hadith, a Muslim is instructed to make du'a with a mindful heart. A Muslim should be aware of what he is saying and should believe in his or her heart that their du'a will be responded to by God.
So when ye have accomplished your holy rites, celebrate the praises of God, as ye used to celebrate the praises of your fathers,- yea, with far more Heart and soul. There are men who say: "Our Lord! Give us (Thy bounties) in this world!" but they will have no portion in the Hereafter.
Again and moreover Muhammad is reported to have said, "O People! God is al-Tayyib (pure), and He only accepts that which is pure! God has commanded the Messengers, for He said, 'O Messengers! Eat from the pure foods, and do right.' Furthermore he said, 'O you who believe! Eat from the pure and good foods we have given you.' Then Prophet Hazrat Muhammad sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam mentioned a traveller on a long journey, who is dishevelled and dusty, and he stretches forth his hands to the sky, saying, 'O my Lord! O my Lord!', While his food is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, his clothing is unlawful, and he is nourished unlawfully; how can he be answered?
The Hadith above describes a man who earned his money by cheating other people. His money was impure so therefore everything he purchased with his money became impure. His clothes, drink, and food were all purchased with that money which was considered impure, so his clothes, drink and food were all considered impure. According to the above hadith, in Islam a person's du'a will not be accepted by God if he earns unlawful money.
The hadith also stresses that according to Islam, anyone who eats impure foods, such as pork, will have his or her du'a rejected by God.
Once a man said, "O God, forgive me and have mercy and have mercy on me!" This was after the man had finished two raka'ats. Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said, "You have been hasty, O worshipper! When you finish your prayer, then sit down and praise God with the praise that he is worthy of, and pray upon me, then state your du'a..."
Evidence for facing the Qiblah during du'a can be found in Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim-
Abdullah ibn Zayd (radiAllahu anhu) narrated: 'The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) left (Madinah) to this prayer, seeking rain. So he made a du'a, and asked for rain, then he faced the qiblah and turned his cloak inside-out' Sahih al-Bukhari #6343, Muslim #894 and others
There are also well-known Sahih hadith which narrate that it is forbidden to lift one's eyes towards the sky in prayer.
Abu Huraira(ra) reported: People should avoid lifting their eyes towards the sky while supplicating in prayer, otherwise their eyes can be snatched away.
1. Performing wudu
2. To Cry during du'a
3. To Expect the best from God
4. To Pray with Humility and fear
5. To Complain Only to God
6. To Pray Quietly
7. Acknowledge one's sins
8. To Implore God Earnestly
9. To Be Determined in one's Request
10. To Repeat the Du'a Three Times
11. To Use Du'as of the Quran and Sunnah