Simon Bradstreet

Simon Bradstreet

[brad-street]
Bradstreet, Simon, 1603-97, colonial governor of Massachusetts, b. Lincolnshire, England. He emigrated to New England in 1630 and was assistant in the Massachusetts Bay Company for 49 years (1630-79) and for part of that time served as secretary (1630-36). In 1634, Bradstreet was sent with four others to the Plymouth, New Haven, and Connecticut colonies to negotiate concerning the formation of the New England Confederation, and on its organization became one of two Massachusetts representatives, a post he retained for 33 years. After the Restoration, John Norton and he went to England and succeeded in persuading Charles II to confirm the colony's charter. His first period as governor (1679-86) was followed by the unsuccessful royal administration of Sir Edmund Andros. He served as governor again, from 1689 to 1692. Anne Bradstreet was his wife.

Simon Bradstreet (March 18, 1603March 27, 1697) was a colonial magistrate, businessman and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Simon Bradstreet was born in Horbling, Lincolnshire. His father was the rector of the parish church. Prior to his emigration to America, Bradstreet attended Emmanuel College at Cambridge for two years. Bradstreet married the future poet Anne Dudley while still in England. She was the daughter of Puritan leader Thomas Dudley. Dudley and others recognized Bradstreet's administrative abilities, and he was persuaded to leave for the fledgling Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.

Bradstreet was chosen to fill several important positions in colonial affairs, and he served as an assistant in the upper house of the General Court for most of his life. During his first twenty years in the colony, he was heavily involved in business pursuits, as well as the founding of new towns. In 1661, he was chosen as an envoy to the court of Charles II, that monarch having recently been restored to power. In 1679 Bradstreet was chosen governor of the colony. He would turn out to be the last governor under the original charter. In 1686, the colony was denied its right to self-rule, and Sir Edmund Andros was installed as governor. Bradstreet served briefly as governor again after Andros was overthrown, but England replaced him with Sir William Phips in 1692. Bradstreet continued to serve in government until his death in 1697, in Salem, Massachusetts.

Simon Bradstreet built his first home in America at the present location of Harvard Square at Brattle Street and John F. Kennedy Street, Cambridge Massachusetts. That location is at 42°22'24.78"N and 71° 7'9.12"W.

His first wife Anne Dudley died in 1672; they had had eight children, of whom seven survived infancy. Bradstreet then married Ann Gardner, the widow of Captain Joseph Gardner of Salem. In June 1659, Bradstreet's daughter Hannah Bradstreet (by first wife Anne Dudley) married Andrew Wiggin, son of Governor Thomas Wiggin, governor of the Upper Plantation of New Hampshire.

Descendants

Descendants of Simon and Anne Bradstreet, daughter of Thomas Dudley

Political

Non-political

Notes

See also

External links

Search another word or see simon bradstreeton Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature