Definitions

Silva

Silva

[sil-vuh]
Silva, Antonio José da, 1705-39, Portuguese playwright, b. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He belonged to a family of "New Christians" (Jews forced to convert), suspected of remaining secretly loyal to Judaism. Silva practiced law in Portugal and wrote a number of vigorous, satiric plays. They are related to the commedia dell'arte but have more vitality than polish. Among them are A vida do grande Dom Quixote [the life of Don Quixote] (1733) and Guerras do alecrim e da mangerona [wars between the rosemary and the marjoram] (1737), considered Silva's best work. Brought before the Inquisition in 1737, he and his family were convicted of practicing Jewish rites, strangled, and burned at the stake.
Silva, José Asunción, 1865-96, Colombian poet, one of the precursors of modernismo. Silva's life was shadowed by the loss of a crucial manuscript, family debt, and the death of a beloved sister. He committed suicide at 31, leaving behind poems marked by technical innovations, haunting musical tones, and a brooding spirit of pessimism. Reflecting the spirit of European symbolism, they had great influence on Rubén Darío and other modernistas. The best known are "Nocturno III," an elegy for his sister, "Crepusculo," and "Día de difuntos" [day of the dead]. Silva also wrote a novel, De sobremesa, notable for its rejection of realist conventions and its intense, lyrical focus on emotional experience.

See studies by B. T. Osiek (1978) and S. Ingwersen (1986).

Silva is the most common surname in the Portuguese language, namely in Portugal and Brazil; it is also widespread in regions of the former Portuguese Empire in Asia, including India and Sri Lanka. The word came originally from Latin, meaning woods and, by extension, people that came from forested areas. It was adopted in western Iberia when conquered by Ancient Rome in 219 BC. It is a name that became very common, sometimes losing its original particle de or da, and associated with a great number of different people and products:

People

Artists and performance arts

Actors

Music

Painters & Sculptors

Writers

Other

Sports

Many people on this list are not generally known as Silva. For the reason, see the footnote attached to this sentence.

Athletics

Beach volleyball

Car racing

Cricket

Football players

Brazilian

Croatian

Portuguese

Spanish

Managers & Referees

Martial arts

Other

Businesspeople

History

Mediapersons

Political

Religion

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Fictional characters

Others

See also

Name disambiguation page

More specific surname disambiguation page

References

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