Brown, pale green, or white glassy silicate mineral that often occurs in long, slender, needlelike crystals frequently found in fibrous aggregates. An aluminum silicate, Al2OSiO4, it occurs in high-temperature regionally metamorphosed clay-rich rocks (e.g., schists and gneisses). Sillimanite is found at many localities in France, Madagascar, and the eastern U.S.; a pale sapphire-blue gem variety occurs in the gravels of Sri Lanka.
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Sillimanite has been found in Brandywine Springs, New Castle County, Delaware, USA. By suggestion of the members of the Delaware Mineralogical Society, it was named by the State Legislature in 1977 as the Official Mineral of Delaware
|Colours||White, brown and green|
|Lustre||Silky if in fibrous form, else vitreous|
|Pleochroism||Colourless to pale brown to yellow|
|Type locality||Vltava, Susice, Czech Republic.|