The implementation of the Dayton Accords
has focused the efforts of policymakers in Bosnia and Herzegovina
, as well as the international community
, on regional stabilization in the countries-successors of the former Yugoslavia
. Within Bosnia and Herzegovina, relations with its neighbors of Croatia
have been fairly stable since the signing of the Dayton Agreement
In the 3 years since the Dayton Accords were signed, over $4 billion in foreign aid has flown into Bosnia, about $800 million of it coming from SEED funds. As stated above, this support has been key to the growth and revitalization of the economy and infrastructure in the republic. However, most of this aid has been targeted at the Federation; the previous government of the RS was anti-Dayton and not assisted by the U.S. The election of the "Sloga" or "Unity" Coalition government, led by Prime Minister Dodik, has shifted the balance of power in the Republika Srpska
(RS) to a pro-Dayton stance and will result in an upsurge of funding to the RS from the international community.
In addition to SEED funding, USAID programs have been crucial to the redevelopment of Bosnia and Herzegovina. USAID has programing in the following areas: economic policy reform and restructuring; private sector development (the Business Development Program); infrastructure rebuilding; democratic reforms in the media, political process and elections, and rule of law/legal code formulation; and training programs for women and diplomats.
Bosnia and Herzegovina filed a suit against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (today Serbia) before the International Court of Justice for aggression and genocide during the 1992-1995 war.
The delimitation of the border with Serbia and Montenegro is halfway completed, but sections along the Drina River remain in dispute.
Discussions continue with Croatia on problem sections of the Una River and villages at the base of Mount Plješevica.
International organization membership
BIS, CE, CEI, EBRD, ECE, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), OAS (observer), OIC (observer), OPCW, OSCE, SECI
, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)
Illicit drug trafficking
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a minor transit point for marijuana
trafficking routes to Western Europe
Organized crime launders money, but the lack of a well-developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center.