is a city and a municipality
in West Garo Hills district
in the Indian state
. One of the largest towns in Meghalaya, Tura
is a valley located at the foothills of the Tura Hills and right below the Tura Peak. The climate in Tura is moderate throughout the year and has a large number of interesting and unexpolored areas. The native god Durama
was believed to reside in the hills. The name Tura is said to be a corruption (by the British) of the god's name.
It is part of the Siwalik Hills
ranges. It is 220 kilometres from the nearest city Guwahati
and is also the district capital of the West Garo Hills district
. It is filled with small rivulets and green valleys all around. The principal languages are Garo
. The city has 4 colleges and a host of good secondary schools. The town has now added another feather to its cap through the opening of an MBA institute in Chandmari. In 1973, the town was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tura
The capital city of Shillong is 303 kilometres away and can be accessed via buses or the shuttle helicopter service. The border of Bangladesh is situated at a proximity of 35 kilometres.
Tura is a cultural and administrative centre of the Garo tribes. To visit popular tourist destinations such as Balpakram, Nokrek and Siju cave, one needs to pass through this town.
Tura is located at . It has an average elevation of 349 metres
As of 2001
, Tura had a population of 58,391. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Tura has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 70%. In Tura, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.