or tumbling strain
is a modal frame
"very common in Afro-American-derived styles" and are featured in songs such as "Shake, Rattle and Roll
" and "My Generation
" (Middleton 1990).
"Gesturally, it suggests 'affective outpouring', 'self-offering of the body', 'emptying and relaxation'." The frame may be thought of as a deep structure common to the varied surface structures of songs in which it occurs. (ibid)
- Middleton, Richard (1990/2002). Studying Popular Music. Philadelphia: Open University Press. ISBN 0-335-15275-9.