The shot put is an athletics (track and field) event involving "putting" (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy metal ball (called the shot) as far as possible.
It is common to use the term "shot put" to refer to both the shot itself and to the throwing motion.
Foul throws occur when an athlete:
Shot put competitions have been held at the Summer Olympic Games since their inception, and is also included as an event in athletic world championships. The shot put originates from Highland games 'stone put' where Scottish people put a rounded cube, stone, or metal form of considerable weight from behind a given line.
The origin of the glide dates to 1951, when Parry O'Brien of the United States invented a technique that involves the putter facing backwards, rotating 180 degrees across the circle, and then tossing the shot. With this technique, a right-hand thrower begins facing the rear of the circle and kicks to the front with the left leg while pushing off forcefully with the right. The key is to move quickly across the circle with as little air under the feet as possible, hence the name "glide". As the thrower crosses the circle, the hips twist toward the front, followed by the shoulders and strikes in a putting motion with their arm. The spin was invented in the United States in 1976. From this, in 1976, Brian Oldfield popularized the spin technique which involves rotating like a discus thrower and using rotational momentum for power. Oldfeld set the record of 75 feet (22.86 m) in 1975; it was unofficial, however, because he was a professional at a time when the IAAF had an amateur-only policy, but undisputed and over 3 feet better than the official world record at the time. Oldfield's record in the 33 years since has been bettered by only 10 inches. In the spin, a right-handed thrower faces the rear, and begins to spin on the ball of the left foot. The thrower comes around and faces the front of the circle and drives the right foot into the middle of the circle. Finally, the thrower reaches for the front of the circle with the left foot, twists his hips and shoulders like in the glide, and puts the shot.
With all putting styles, the goal is to release the shot with maximum forward velocity at an angle of approximately forty degrees. Currently, most top male shot putters use the spin, but the glide remains popular, especially at the amateur level and among women, since the technique breeds higher consistency for the athlete as opposed to the rotational technique. It is worth noting that the world record by a male putter (Randy Barnes) was completed with the spin technique, while the close second-best all-time distance (Ulf Timmermann) was completed with the glide technique. Measuring which technique can provide the most potential is difficult, as many of the best throws recorded with each technique come from athletes under a thick cloud of doping suspicion and violations. In some opinions the decision to glide or spin should be based on the thrower's size and power, with short throwers benefiting from the spin and taller throwers benefiting from the glide, but for many throwers selecting the right technique differs on an individual basis, with almost all throwers first developing the glide technique.
The current world record holders are:
|Outdoor||Randy Barnes||Westwood, California, USA||20 May 1990|
|Indoor||Randy Barnes||Los Angeles, California, USA||20 January 1989|
|Outdoor||Natalya Lisovskaya||Moscow, USSR||7 June 1987|
|Indoor||Helena Fibingerová||Jablonec, CZE||February 19, 1977|
|23.12||Randy Barnes||LA, California||May 20, 1990|
|23.06||Ulf Timmermann||Khania||May 22, 1988|
|22.91||Alessandro Andrei||Viareggio||August 12, 1987|
|22.86||Brian Oldfield||El Paso||May 10, 1975|
|22.75||Werner Günthör||Bern||August 23, 1988|
|22.67||Kevin Toth||Lawrence||April 19, 2003|
|22.64||Udo Beyer||Berlin||August 20, 1986|
|22.54||Christian Cantwell||Gresham||June 5, 2004|
|22.52||John Brenner||Walnut||April 26, 1987|
|22.51||Adam Nelson||Gresham||May 18, 2002|
|22.63||Natalya Lisovskaya||Moscow||June 7, 1987|
|22.45||Ilona Briesenick||Potsdam||May 11, 1980|
|22.32||Helena Fibingerová||Nitra||August 20, 1977|
|22.19||Claudia Losch||Hainfeld||August 23, 1987|
|21.89||Ivanka Khristova||Belmeken||July 4, 1976|
|21.86||Marianne Adam||Leipzig||June 23, 1979|
|21.76||Li Meisu||Shijiazhuang||April 23, 1988|
|21.73||Natalya Akhrimenko||Leselidze||May 21, 1988|
|21.69||Vita Pavlysh||Budapest||August 15, 1998|
|21.66||Sui Xinmei||Beijing||June 9, 1990|
|1994||21.09||New York City|
HIGH SCHOOLS: TRACK AND FIELD STATE MEET; Shot put record goes down; Mounds View senior Englin finds new area to his liking.(SPORTS)
Jun 12, 2004; Byline: Roman Augustoviz; Staff Writer There's a new shot put area at the National Sports Center in Blaine, on the opposite end...