Definitions

shield match

FA Community Shield

For the English competition, see Rugby League Charity Shield (Great Britain)
For the Australian competition, see Rugby League Charity Shield (Australia)

The Football Association Community Shield (formerly and colloquially known as the Charity Shield) is an English association football trophy contested in an annual match between the champions of the FA Premier League and the winners of the FA Cup. It is equivalent to the Super Cups found in many countries. The Shield was first played for in 1908-09, replacing the Sheriff of London Charity Shield that had been introduced in 1898-99.

The match is contested at the beginning of the following season, and has traditionally been played at Wembley Stadium, although it was played at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, Wales while Wembley was being rebuilt. The newly built Wembley held the 2007 final for the first time since 2000. If a team wins The Double (both the Premiership and the FA Cup), then the Double winner plays the Premier League runner-up.

The Shield plays a major role for the FA in its efforts to raise funds for various charities throughout England. The sources for the funds include the net profits from admission tickets and sales of match day programmes. Parts of the fund are distributed to clubs who participated in the First Round Proper of the FA Cup, who are then in turn asked to nominate a charity or community-based organisation which will receive the clubs' share of the fund. The remainder of the funds will then be donated to The FA Charity Partners.

The most recent Community Shield was played on August 10, 2008, at Wembley Stadium between Manchester United and Portsmouth. This was the first time since 1996 that a team outside of the Big Four competed in the competition. Manchester United won 3-1 on penalties after a 0-0 draw in regular time.

History

The Community Shield evolved from the Sheriff of London Charity Shield that had been introduced in 1898-99 as a professionals versus amateurs cup (the gentlemen and players tradition). The Football Association Charity Shield, as it was known at the time, was designed to replace the Sheriff of London Charity Shield after the leading amateur clubs fell out with the FA. The new format was to have the Football League First Division champions play the Southern League champions, and the first match was in 1908 between Manchester United (the First Division champions) and Queens Park Rangers (the Southern League champions). The match was drawn 1–1, so the game was replayed when Manchester United won 4–0. This is the only Charity Shield game to go to a replay. Both games were played at Stamford Bridge.

The competition format varied over the years: in 1913 the Shield was contested between Amateurs and Professionals XIs, while in 1921 the Shield was contested between the Football League and FA Cup winners for the first time. The format continued to vary in the 1920s, usually along the lines of Amateurs v. Professionals, including one year (1927) where the Professionals were represented by the FA Cup holders Cardiff City and the Amateurs by the Corinthians.

In 1930 the Football League winner v. FA Cup winner returned, and with a few exceptions, this format has remained to the present day. Notable exceptions include the 1950 Shield, which involved the England World Cup team against an FA team that had toured Canada that summer, and the 1961 Shield, when Tottenham Hotspur became the first team of the 20th century to win the Double. As they won both trophies, they instead faced a Football Association XI.

By then, the date of the game had been moved to the start of the season, from 1959 onwards. The question of which two teams should contest the Shield should one team win both the FA Cup and League continued to linger. In 1971, Arsenal became the second team to win the Double since the Shield's foundation, but owing to their commitments in the European Cup they could not take part. Leicester City were invited as Division Two champions to play FA Cup runners-up Liverpool instead and went on to win the trophy, despite having not won either the League or the FA Cup.

In 1974 the then FA secretary, Ted Croker, created the current format with the match always being played at Wembley Stadium and the money raised at the gate going to charity. The first game at Wembley was notable for the sendings off of Kevin Keegan and Billy Bremner for fighting, shown that night on BBC television. Both were fined £500, with Keegan being banned for three games and Bremner eight. Croker also declared that should a team win the Double then they will play the league runners-up in the Charity Shield, an arrangement that continues to this day.

The game is decided on the day with penalty shoot-out if the scores are level, though between 1949 and 1993 the Shield was usually shared if the game was drawn; West Ham United and Aston Villa are the only two clubs to have the distinction of sharing Community Shield titles with other clubs without winning one outright.

With the formation of a new top league, the FA Premier League, the Shield became a match between the Premier League and FA Cup winners from the 1993 competition onwards. In 2002, the competition was renamed the Community Shield; a small scandal surrounding questionable distribution of money raised for charities by the match led to a renaming of the match as part of a reform of the competition. Arsenal were the first winners of the Community Shield with a 1-0 victory over Liverpool.

The 2006 Community Shield game, where Liverpool defeated Chelsea 2-1, was the first not to be contested by either Arsenal or Manchester United since 1995, when Everton beat Blackburn 1-0.

Status

While still an honour in the English game, the Community Shield's status is lower than that of the Premier League, FA Cup or League Cup. It is widely considered to be a minor trophy and Community Shield games may not be as hotly contested as other trophy finals. Also of note is that no winning team in the modern era has opted to hold an end of season open-top bus parade after winning only the Community Shield, despite it being the custom in England after a club has won a trophy. Among followers of football, the Community Shield is often most attractive as a spectacle in that it offers a first glimpse of the newly-signed players for each team. Prior to the 2008 FA Community Shield, Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson aptly summarized his opinion for the competition: "It's always a game we never quite use of a do or die thing, we use it as a barometer for fitness".

Records

  • The most successful teams in the competition are Manchester United (13 outright wins, 4 shared), Liverpool (10 outright wins, 5 shared), Arsenal (11 outright wins, 1 shared) and Everton (8 outright wins, 1 shared).
  • Everton hold the record for most consecutive wins (4) from 1984-1987; however, the 1986 was shared with Liverpool. Manchester United hold the record for most consecutive losses (4) from 1998-2001. During this period Manchester United also held the record for most consecutive games played (6) from 1996-2001 in which they won 2.
  • The most successful player in the competition is Ryan Giggs with 7 outright wins (1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2007, 2008 with Manchester United). Ray Clemence has 6 medals; 4 outright (1974, 1976, 1979, 1980 with Liverpool) and 2 shared (1977 with Liverpool and 1981 with Tottenham Hotspur)
  • Ryan Giggs also holds the record of the most Shield appearances, with 12 to his name so far.
  • The highest scoring game was Manchester United's 8-4 win against Swindon Town in 1911.
  • Tottenham goalkeeper Pat Jennings scored against Manchester United in the 1967 Charity Shield.
  • Leicester City and Brighton & Hove Albion are the only clubs to win just the Shield, never the FA Cup or the League; Leicester won as Second Division champion (see above) and Brighton as Southern League champions.

Winners

By year

Year Winner Scorers Score Scorers Runner-up
1908 Manchester United Meredith 1 – 1 Cannon Queens Park Rangers
Replay Turnbull (3)
Wall
4 – 0
1909 Newcastle United Allan
Rutherford
2 – 0 Northampton Town
1910 Brighton and Hove Albion Webb 1 – 0 Aston Villa
1911 Manchester United Halse (6)
Turnbull
Wall
8 – 4 Fleming
Wheatcroft
Tout
Jefferson
Swindon Town
1912 Blackburn Rovers Aitkenhead (2) 2 – 1 Revill Queens Park Rangers
1913 English Professionals XI Hampton (4)
Holley (2)
Fleming
7 – 2 Barlos
Farnfield
English Amateurs XI
1914 – 1919 Shield was not contested due to suspension of football during World War I
1920 West Bromwich Albion Smith (2) 2 – 0 Tottenham Hotspur
1921 Tottenham Hotspur Bliss
Cantrell
2 – 0 Burnley
1922 Huddersfield Town Wilson 1 – 0 Liverpool
1923 English Professionals XI Bradford
Chambers
2 – 0 English Amateurs XI
1924 English Professionals XI Walker (2)
Buchan
3 – 1 Kail English Amateurs XI
1925 English Amateurs XI Ashton (4)
Macey (2)
6 – 1 Hannaford English Professionals XI
1926 English Amateurs XI Minter (2)
Macey (2)
Kail
Keeping (o.g.)
6 – 3 Rawlings (2)
Tunstall
English Professionals XI
1927 Cardiff City Ferguson
Davies
2 – 1 Ashton Corinthian
1928 Everton Dean (2) 2 – 1 Thornewell Blackburn Rovers
1929 English Professionals XI
Seed
Chandler
Pease
3 – 0 English Amateurs XI
1930 Arsenal Hulme
Jack
2 – 1 Burgess (pen.) Sheffield Wednesday
1931 Arsenal Bastin 1 – 0 West Bromwich Albion
1932 Everton Dean (4)
Johnson
5 – 3 McMenemy (2)
Boyd
Newcastle United
1933 Arsenal Birkett (2)
Bowden
3 – 0 Everton
1934 Arsenal Birkett
Marshall
Drake
Bastin
4 – 0 Manchester City
1935 Sheffield Wednesday Dewar 1 – 0 Arsenal
1936 Sunderland Burbanks
Carter
2 – 1 Kirchen Arsenal
1937 Manchester City Herd
Doherty
2 – 0 Sunderland
1938 Arsenal Drake (2) 2 – 1 R. Beattie Preston North End
1939 – 1947 Shield was not contested due to suspension of football during World War II
1948 Arsenal Lewis (2)
Jones
Rooke
4 – 3 Rowley
Burke
Mitten
Manchester United
1949 Portsmouth Reid 1 – 1
Title shared
Hancocks (pen.) Wolverhampton Wanderers
1950 English World Cup XI Mannion
Mortensen
Baily
Mullen
4 – 2 Johnstone
Lofthouse
English FA Canadian Touring XI
1951 Tottenham Hotspur Murphy
Bennett
2 – 1 Milburn Newcastle United
1952 Manchester United Rowley (2)
Byrne
Downie
4 – 2 Keeble (2) Newcastle United
1953 Arsenal Lishman (2)
Lawton
3 – 1 Mortensen Blackpool
1954 Wolverhampton Wanderers Swinbourne (2)
Deeley
Hancocks
4 – 4
Title shared
Allen (3)
Ryan
West Bromwich Albion
1955 Chelsea McMichael (o.g.)
Bentley
Blunstone
3 – 0 Newcastle United
1956 Manchester United Viollet 1 – 0 Manchester City
1957 Manchester United Taylor (3)
Berry (pen.)
4 – 0 Aston Villa
1958 Bolton Wanderers Hill
Bannister
Lofthouse (2)
4 – 1 Durandt Wolverhampton Wanderers
1959 Wolverhampton Wanderers Murray
Broadbent
Lill
3 – 1 Wilson Nottingham Forest
1960 Burnley Miller
Connelly
2 – 2
Title shared
Deeley
Murray
Wolverhampton Wanderers
1961 Tottenham Hotspur Allen (2)
Smith
3 – 2 Haynes
Byrne
FA XI
1962 Tottenham Hotspur Smith
Graves (2)
White
Medwin
5 – 1 Stephenson Ipswich Town
1963 Everton Gabriel
Stevens
Vernon (pen.)
Temple
4 – 0 Manchester United
1964 Liverpool Wallace
G. Byrne
2 – 2
Title shared
J. Byrne
Hurst
West Ham United
1965 Manchester United Best
Herd
2 – 2
Title shared
Stevenson
Yeats
Liverpool
1966 Liverpool Hunt 1 – 0 Everton
1967 Manchester United Charlton (2)
Law
3 – 3
Title shared
Robertson
Jennings
Saul
Tottenham Hotspur
1968 Manchester City Owen (2)
Lee (2)
Lovett (o.g.)
Young
6 – 1 Krzywicki West Bromwich Albion
1969 Leeds United Gray
Charlton
2 – 1 Bell Manchester City
1970 Everton Whittle
Kendall
2 – 1 Hutchinson Chelsea
1971 Leicester City Whitworth 1 – 0 Liverpool
1972 Manchester City Lee (pen.) 1 – 0 Aston Villa
1973 Burnley Waldron 1 – 0 Manchester City
1974 Liverpool Boersma 1 – 1
Liverpool won 6-5 on penalties
Cherry Leeds United
1975 Derby County Hector
McFarland
2 – 0 West Ham United
1976 Liverpool Toshack 1 – 0 Southampton
1977 Manchester United 0 – 0
Title shared
Liverpool
1978 Nottingham Forest O'Neill (2)
Withe
Lloyd
Robertson
5 – 0 Ipswich Town
1979 Liverpool McDermott (2)
Dalglish
3 – 1 Sunderland Arsenal
1980 Liverpool McDermott 1 – 0 West Ham United
1981 Aston Villa Withe (2) 2 – 2
Title shared
Falco (2) Tottenham Hotspur
1982 Liverpool Rush 1 – 0 Tottenham Hotspur
1983 Manchester United Robson (2) 2 – 0 Liverpool
1984 Everton Grobbelaar (o.g.) 1 – 0 Liverpool
1985 Everton Steven
Heath
2 – 0 Manchester United
1986 Everton Heath 80' 1 – 1
Title shared
Rush 88' Liverpool
1987 Everton Clarke 1 – 0 Coventry City
1988 Liverpool Aldridge (2) 2 – 1 Fashanu Wimbledon
1989 Liverpool Beardsley 1 – 0 Arsenal
1990 Liverpool Barnes (pen.) 1 – 1
Title shared
Blackmore Manchester United
1991 Arsenal 0 – 0
Title shared
Tottenham Hotspur
1992 Leeds United Cantona (3)
Dorigo
4 – 3 Rush
Saunders
Strachan (o.g.)
Liverpool
1993 Manchester United Hughes 1 – 1
Manchester United won 5-4 on penalties
Wright Arsenal
1994 Manchester United Cantona (pen.)
Ince
2 – 0 Blackburn Rovers
1995 Everton Samways 1 – 0 Blackburn Rovers
1996 Manchester United Cantona 25'
Butt 30'
Beckham 86'
Keane 88'
4 – 0 Newcastle United
1997 Manchester United Johnsen 57' 1 – 1
Manchester United won 4–2 on penalties
Hughes 52' Chelsea
1998 Arsenal Overmars 33'
Wreh 56'
Anelka 71'
3 – 0 Manchester United
1999 Arsenal Kanu 67' (pen.)
Parlour 77'
2 – 1 Beckham 36' Manchester United
2000 Chelsea Hasselbaink 22'
Melchiot 73'
2 – 0 Manchester United
2001 Liverpool McAllister 2' (pen.)
Owen 16'
2 – 1 van Nistelrooy 51' Manchester United
2002 Arsenal Gilberto 69' 1 – 0 Liverpool
2003 Manchester United Silvestre 15' 1 – 1
Manchester United won 4–3 on penalties
Henry 20' Arsenal
2004 Arsenal Gilberto 49'
Reyes 59'
Silvestre 79' (o.g.)
3 – 1 Smith 55' Manchester United
2005 Chelsea Drogba 8', 57' 2 – 1 Fàbregas 65' Arsenal
2006 Liverpool Riise 9'
Crouch 80'
2 – 1 Shevchenko 43' Chelsea
2007 Manchester United Giggs 35' 1 – 1
Manchester United won 3-0 on penalties
Malouda 45' Chelsea
2008 Manchester United 0 – 0
Manchester United won 3-1 on penalties
Portsmouth

By number of wins (clubs only)

Team Wins (of which, shared titles) Years (* title was shared)
Manchester United 17 (4) 1908, 1911, 1952, 1956, 1957, 1965*, 1967*, 1977*, 1983, 1990*, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2007, 2008
Liverpool 15 (5) 1964*, 1965*, 1966, 1974, 1976, 1977*, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1986*, 1988, 1989, 1990*, 2001, 2006
Arsenal 12 (1) 1930, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1938, 1948, 1953, 1991*, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2004
Everton 9 (1) 1928, 1932, 1963, 1970, 1984, 1985, 1986*, 1987, 1995
Tottenham Hotspur 7 (3) 1921, 1951, 1961, 1962, 1967*, 1981*, 1991*
Wolverhampton Wanderers 4 (3) 1949*, 1954*, 1959, 1960*
Chelsea 3 1955, 2000, 2005
Manchester City 3 1937, 1968, 1972
Leeds United 2 1969, 1992
Burnley 2 (1) 1960*, 1973
Portsmouth 2 (1) 1939, 1949*
West Bromwich Albion 2 (1) 1920, 1954*
Blackburn Rovers 1 1912
Bolton Wanderers 1 1958
Brighton & Hove Albion 1 1910
Cardiff City 1 1927
Derby County 1 1975
Huddersfield Town 1 1922
Leicester City 1 1971
Newcastle United 1 1909
Nottingham Forest 1 1978
Sheffield Wednesday 1 1935
Sunderland 1 1936
Aston Villa 1 (1) 1981*
West Ham United 1 (1) 1964*

Venues

References

Media coverage

The FA Community Shield match was usually broadcasted live on Sky Sports with highlights on BBC. However, starting with the 2008/09 Season, the FA Community Shield match was shown live on Setanta Sports 1 with highlights shown on ITV1. In Australia the FA Community Shield is broadcast by Setanta Sports Australia.

External links

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