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shield cricket

Sheffield Shield

The Sheffield Shield is the domestic first class cricket competition in Australia.

Each of the six state teams play in a round-robin series of home and away 4-day matches against every other team. Teams are awarded points based on the results of the match, and after each pair of teams have played each other twice, the two highest ranked teams play a 5-day final.

The final is played at the home ground of the team that finished on top of the table at the end of the regular season matches. In the case of a draw the season's champion is the home team and the competition winner.

A separate limited overs competition known as the Ford Ranger Cup, and a Twenty20 competition known as the KFC Twenty20 Big Bash both run concurrently.

History

In 1891-92 the Earl of Sheffield was in Australia as the promoter of the English team led by W. G. Grace. The tour included three Tests played in Melbourne, Sydney and Adelaide.

At the conclusion of the tour, Sheffield donated £150 to the New South Wales Cricket Association to fund a trophy for an annual tournament of intercolonial cricket in Australia. The three colonies of New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia were already regularly playing ad-hoc matches which were very popular.

The new tournament commenced in the summer of 1892 with the three colonies playing for a silver shield named after its benefactor.

Sponsorship and name change

In 1999, the Australian Cricket Board (now Cricket Australia) announced a 4 year sponsorship deal which included renaming the Sheffield Shield to the Pura Milk Cup, then to the Pura Cup the following season. Pura is a brand name of National Foods a wholly owned subsidiary of the Philippines based San Miguel Corporation. The sponsorship increased total annual prize money to A$220,000, with the winners receiving A$75,000 and the runners up A$45,000.

Although the competition had previously been running with losses of several million dollars per annum, cricket traditionalists protested strongly, arguing against the encroaching wave of commercialism damaging the competition that had been running for over 100 years. The competition continued to be referred to by some fans as the "Shield" as force of habit, a subtle protest, or simply to differentiate it from the one-day domestic competition.

On 16 July 2008 it was announced that Weet-Bix would take over sponsorship of the competition from the start of the 2008-09 season, and that it would be renamed the "Sheffield Shield" or the "Sheffield Shield presented by Weet-Bix". Weet-bix is a cereal biscuit manufactured by Sanitarium Health Food Company.

Teams

  Team name
(Sponsored name)
Home ground First
season
Wins Wins % Finals "won" Finals "won" %
  New South Wales Blues
(SpeedBlitz Blues)
Sydney Cricket Ground 1892-93 45 42.5% 9 34.6%
  Victorian Bushrangers
(VB Victorian Bushrangers)
Melbourne Cricket Ground 1892-93 26 24.5% 2 7.7%
  Western Warriors
(Retravision Warriors)
The WACA, Perth 1947-48 15 14.2% 7 26.9%
  Southern Redbacks
(West End Redbacks)
Adelaide Oval 1892-93 13 12.3% 1 3.8%
  Queensland Bulls
(XXXX Gold Queensland Bulls)
The Gabba, Brisbane 1926-27 6 5.7% 6 23.1%
  Tasmanian Tigers
(PKF Tasmanian Tigers)
Bellerive Oval, Hobart 1977-78 1 0.9% 1 3.8%

  • Wins up to and including 2007-08 season.
  • Home grounds are the main venues used for home games by each team; other venues in the home state of each team are also regularly used.

Points system

A number of different systems have been used over the years. Currently, points are awarded for each match during the home and away season according to the following table, with the top two teams playing in the final. The team with the most points hosts the final on their home ground and only needs to draw that match to win the title.

Category Points
For an outright win after leading on the first innings 6
For an outright win after a tie in the first innings 6
For an outright win after being behind on the first innings 6
For a tie where both teams have completed two innings (irrespective of the first innings result) 3
For a first innings lead (to be retained even if beaten outright) 2
For an outright loss after leading on the first innings 2
For a tie on the first innings(and no outright result) 1 each
For an outright loss after a tie in the first innings 1
For a loss on the first innings 0
For an outright loss after being behind on the first innings 0
Abandoned or drawn matches with no first innings result 0

Winners table

Prior to the introduction of a Final in 1982/83, the team with most points after the home and away rounds was declared the winner. With the introduction of the Final, the top team hosts the second placed team in a five-day match. The visiting team must win the Final to win the championship; the home team wins the championship in the event of a tied or drawn Final.
Season Winner Runner-up
1892-93 Victoria
1893-94 South Australia
1894-95 Victoria
1895-96 New South Wales
1896-97 New South Wales
1897-98 Victoria
1898-99 Victoria
1899-00 New South Wales
1900-01 Victoria
1901-02 New South Wales
1902-03 New South Wales
1903-04 New South Wales
1904-05 New South Wales
1905-06 New South Wales
1906-07 New South Wales
1907-08 Victoria
1908-09 New South Wales
1909-10 South Australia
1910-11 New South Wales
1911-12 New South Wales
1912-13 South Australia
1913-14 New South Wales
1914-15 Victoria
1915-19 (not contested due to World War I)
1919-20 New South Wales
1920-21 New South Wales
1921-22 Victoria
1922-23 New South Wales
1923-24 Victoria
1924-25 Victoria
1925-26 New South Wales
1926-27 South Australia
1927-28 Victoria
1928-29 New South Wales
1929-30 Victoria
1930-31 Victoria
1931-32 New South Wales
1932-33 New South Wales
1933-34 Victoria
1934-35 Victoria
1935-36 South Australia
1936-37 Victoria
1937-38 New South Wales
1938-39 South Australia
1939-40 New South Wales
1940-46 (not contested due to World War II)
1946-47 Victoria
1947-48 Western Australia
1948-49 New South Wales
1949-50 New South Wales
1950-51 Victoria
1951-52 New South Wales
1952-53 South Australia
1953-54 New South Wales
1954-55 New South Wales
1955-56 New South Wales
1956-57 New South Wales
1957-58 New South Wales
1958-59 New South Wales
1959-60 New South Wales
1960-61 New South Wales
1961-62 New South Wales
1962-63 Victoria
1963-64 South Australia
1964-65 New South Wales
1965-66 New South Wales
1966-67 Victoria
1967-68 Western Australia
1968-69 South Australia
1969-70 Victoria
1970-71 South Australia
1971-72 Western Australia
1972-73 Western Australia
1973-74 Victoria
1974-75 Western Australia
1975-76 South Australia
1976-77 Western Australia
1977-78 Western Australia
1978-79 Victoria
1979-80 Victoria
1980-81 Western Australia
1981-82 South Australia
1982-83 New South Wales Western Australia
1983-84 Western Australia Queensland
1984-85 New South Wales Queensland
1985-86 New South Wales Queensland
1986-87 Western Australia Victoria
1987-88 Western Australia Queensland
1988-89 Western Australia South Australia
1989-90 New South Wales Queensland
1990-91 Victoria New South Wales
1991-92 Western Australia New South Wales
1992-93 New South Wales Queensland
1993-94 New South Wales Tasmania
1994-95 Queensland South Australia
1995-96 South Australia Western Australia
1996-97 Queensland Western Australia
1997-98 Western Australia Tasmania
1998-99 Western Australia Queensland
1999-00 Queensland Victoria
2000-01 Queensland Victoria
2001-02 Queensland Tasmania
2002-03 New South Wales Queensland
2003-04 Victoria Queensland
2004-05 New South Wales Queensland
2005-06 Queensland Victoria
2006-07 Tasmania New South Wales
2007-08 New South Wales Victoria

Player of the Year

The Player of the Year award is announced at the end of each season. Since its inception in 1976 it has been awarded to the player or players who are considered to have returned consistently magnificent performances by a panel of judges. Victorian and South Australian batsman Matthew Elliott has won the award the most times, being awarded Player of the Year on 3 separate occasions.

Season Winner(s)
1975-76 Ian Chappell (SA), Greg Chappell (QLD)
1976-77 Richie Robinson (VIC)
1977-78 David Ogilvie (QLD)
1978-79 Peter Sleep (SA)
1979-80 Ian Chappell (SA)
1980-81 Greg Chappell (QLD)
1981-82 Kepler Wessels (QLD)
1982-83 Kim Hughes (WA)
1983-84 Brian Davison (TAS), John Dyson (NSW)
1984-85 David Boon (TAS)
1985-86 Allan Border (QLD)
1986-87 Craig McDermott (QLD)
1987-88 Dirk Tazelaar (QLD), Mark Waugh (NSW)
1988-89 Tim May (SA)
1989-90 Mark Waugh (NSW)
1990-91 Stuart Law (QLD)
1991-92 Tony Dodemaide (VIC)
1992-93 Jamie Siddons (SA)
1993-94 Matthew Hayden (QLD)
1994-95 Dean Jones (VIC)
1995-96 Matthew Elliott (VIC)
1996-97 Andy Bichel (QLD)
1997-98 Dene Hills (TAS)
1998-99 Matthew Elliott (VIC)
1999-00 Darren Lehmann (SA)
2000-01 Jamie Cox (TAS)
2001-02 Brad Hodge (VIC), Jimmy Maher (QLD)
2002-03 Clinton Perren (QLD)
2003-04 Matthew Elliott (VIC)
2004-05 Michael Bevan (TAS)
2005-06 Andy Bichel (QLD)
2006-07 Chris Rogers (WA)
2007-08 Simon Katich (NSW)

Highlights

Records

Individual Records

Most matches played

Rank Matches Player Period
1 161 Jamie Cox (TAS) 1987-88 - 2005-06
2 159 John Inverarity (WA/SA) 1962-63 - 1984-85
3 146 Jamie Siddons (VIC/SA) 1984-85 - 1999-00
4 145 Darren Lehmann (SA/VIC) 1987-88 - 2007-08
5 142 Stuart Law (QLD) 1987/88 -
Source: . Last updated: 31 May 2007.

Most dismissals

Rank Dismissals Player Matches
1 546 (499 c. 47 st.) Darren Berry (SA/VIC) 139
2 488 (474 c. 14 st.) Wade Seccombe (QLD) 101
3 359 (331 c. 28 st.) Tim Zoehrer (WA) 107
4 351 (318 c. 33 st.) Rod Marsh (WA) 86
5 339 (298 c. 41 st.) Phil Emery (NSW) 109
Source: . Last updated: 31 May 2007.

Team Records

Team Results

Rank Team Entered Matches Won Lost Drawn Tied % Won
1 1892-93 741 317 209 214 1 60.25
2 1892-93 733 275 215 242 1 56.11
3 1947-48 507 175 149 183 0 54.01
4 1926-27 625 185 213 226 1 46.49
5 1892-93 729 206 327 195 1 38.67
6 1977-78 279 58 103 118 0 36.02
Win percentage excludes drawn matches. Source: . Last updated: 1 June 2007.

Highest Team Totals

Rank Total Team Opponent Venue Season
1 1107 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 1926-27
2 918 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1900-01
3 900-6d Brisbane Cricket Ground, Brisbane 2005-06
4 821-7d Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 1939-40
5 815 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1908-09
Source: . Last updated: 8 Jan 2008.

Lowest Team Totals

Rank Total Team Opponent Venue Season
1 27 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1955-56
2 29 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 2004-05
3 31 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1906-07
4 35 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1926-27
5 41 Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 1989-90
Source: . Last updated: 31 May 2007.

Batting Records

Highest individual scores

Rank Runs Player Match Venue Season
1 452* Don Bradman (NSW) New South Wales v Queensland Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 1929-30
2 437 Bill Ponsford (VIC) Victoria v Queensland Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 1927-28
3 365* Clem Hill (SA) South Australia v New South Wales Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 1900-01
4 359 Bob Simpson (NSW) New South Wales v Queensland Brisbane Cricket Ground, Brisbane 1963-64
5 357 Don Bradman (SA) South Australia v Victoria Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 1935-36
Source: . Last updated: 1 June 2007.

Most career runs

Rank Runs Player Career
1 13,411 (263 inns.) Darren Lehmann (SA/VIC) 1987-88 - 2007-08
2 10,821 (295 inns.) Jamie Cox (TAS) 1987-88 - 2005-06
3 10,643 (259 inns.) Jamie Siddons (VIC/SA) 1984-85 - 1999-00
4 10,621 (211 inns.) Michael Bevan (SA/NSW/TAS) 1989/90 - 2006/07
5 9,843 (219 inns.) Matthew Elliott (VIC/SA) 1992-93 -
Source: . Last updated: 1 June 2007.

Most runs in a season

Rank Runs Player Average Season
1 1,506 (17 inns.) Simon Katich (NSW) 94.12 2007-08
2 1,464 (18 inns.) Michael Bevan (TAS) 97.60 2004-05
3 1,381 (20 inns.) Matthew Elliott (VIC) 81.23 2003-04
4 1,254 (18 inns.) Graham Yallop (VIC) 69.66 1982-83
5 1,240 (20 inns.) Michael Bevan (NSW) 82.66 1993-94
Source: . Last updated: 28 May 2007.

Highest batting averages

Rank Average Player Career
1 110.19 (96 inns.) Don Bradman (NSW/SA) 1927-28 - 1948-49
2 83.27 (70 inns.) Bill Ponsford (VIC) 1920-21 - 1933-34
3 70.88 (95 inns.) Alan Kippax (NSW) 1918-19 - 1935-36
4 68.00 (81 inns.) Monty Noble (NSW) 1893-94 - 1919-20
5 67.03 (64 inns.) Bill Woodfull (VIC) 1921-22 - 1933-34
Qualification: 20 innings. Source: . Last updated: 28 May 2007.

Most centuries

Rank Centuries Player Matches
1 44 Darren Lehmann (SA/VIC) 145
2 42 Michael Bevan (SA/NSW/TAS) 118
3 36 Don Bradman (NSW/SA) 62
4 32 Matthew Elliott (VIC/SA) 114
5 31 Dean Jones (VIC) 110
Source: . Last updated: 26 May 2007.

Bowling Records

Most career wickets

Rank Wickets Player Matches Average
1 513 Clarrie Grimmett (VIC/SA) 79 25.29
2 431 Michael Kasprowicz (QLD) 97 24.19
3 429 Andy Bichel (QLD) 87 23.03
4 419 Jo Angel (WA) 105 24.86
5 384 Terry Alderman (WA) 97 24.21
Source: . Last updated: 31 May 2007.

Most wickets in a season

Rank Wickets Player Matches Season
1 67 Colin Miller (TAS) 11 1997-98
2 65 Shaun Tait (SA) 10 2004-05
3 60 Chuck Fleetwood-Smith (VIC) 6 1934-35
4 60 Andy Bichel (QLD) 11 2004-05
5 60 Ben Hilfenhaus (TAS) 11 2006-07
Source: . Last updated: 31 May 2007.

Best career average

Rank Average Player Balls Wickets
1 17.10 Bill O'Reilly (NSW) 10,740 203
2 17.74 Joel Garner (SA) 2,419 55
3 17.87 Geff Noblet (SA) 11,156 190
4 18.09 Pat Crawford (NSW) 2,517 61
5 19.08 Charlie Turner (NSW) 3,920 73
Qualification: 2000 balls bowled. Source: . Last updated: 31 May 2007.

See also

References

  • The History of the Sheffield Shield, Chris Harte
  • A Century of Summers: 100 years of Sheffield Shield cricket, Geoff Armstrong

External links

  • http://members.optusnet.com.au/~anmarks/history.htm
  • Points system

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