أشهد أن لا إله إلاَّ الله و أشهد أن محمد رسول الله
''"I bear witness that there is no god except for God (Allah), and Muhammad is the messenger of God."' An alternative rendering is:
"I testify that there are none worthy of worship except God, and I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God."
This version constitutes an interpretation rather than a direct translation, as the words "worthy of worship" are not present in the Arabic.
In usage the two occurrences of 'ašhadu 'an (or similar) = "I testify that" are very often omitted.
One of the earliest surviving translations of the Shahadah into a foreign language is in Greek, from the reign of al-Walid I (86-96 AH, 705-715 CE): Οὐκ ἔστι[ν θεὸς εἰ μὴ ὁ θεὸς μόνος·] Μααμὲ[τ ἀπόστολος θεοῦ] (Ouk esti[n theos ei mē ho theos monos;] Maame[t apostolos theou]). "There is no god except for God alone; Muhammad is God's apostle", i.e. "Allah" is translated as ὁ θεὸς and Muhammad is transliterated as Μααμὲτ.
The Shahada is the first of the Six Kalimas. The Six Kalimas are recorded in various books of knowledge, and are recited and remembered by Muslims across the globe. The Kalimas were compiled for people to memorise and learn the basic fundamentals of Islam.
There are seven critical conditions of the Shahadah, without which it is considered to be meaningless:
Several national flags display the Shahadah:
Several other flags display the shahadah, such as the flag of Hamas.
Muslims believe reference to previous prophets as Messengers (rasul), and a few groups (notably certain Sufi mystics) amend the declaration to mention prior prophets whose names are found in the Qur'an.
Sometimes اشهد ان 'ašhadu 'an = "I witness that" is prefixed to each half of the Shahadah.
Sometimes و wa = "and" is prefixed to the first word of the second half of the Shahada.
Some Indonesian Muslims pray "Allah il Allah" when appealing for God's help. This is an altered form of the first part of the Shahadah.
Some Shia Muslims add "and Ali is the beloved of Allah" (wa-Aliyun waliyu 'llah). Shias don't believe that this is obligatory, however, and that the standard Shahadah (There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger) is enough.