refers to coffee
grown under a canopy of trees. Most of the coffee farms in Latin America
have converted to “sun-coffee” to increase production. “Sun-coffee” entails thinning out the trees in order to make more room for the actual coffee plants. The debate over “sun-coffee” and “shade-grown” has mostly been caused by ornithologists
who believe that the de-forestation of these farms has resulted in the loss of countless birds who once lived in the trees.
Coffee farmers can become "Bird Friendly®" and get a Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center (SMBC) seal of approval. Most farmers who choose to do this are organic farmers.