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Sextus

Sextus

Pompeius, Sextus, d. 35 B.C., Roman commander; one of the sons of Pompey the Great. He fought for his father at Pharsalus, then went to Egypt and, after the battle of Thapsus, to Spain, where he continued warring against Caesar's followers after the death of his elder brother in 45 B.C. In 44 B.C., Lepidus (d. 13 B.C.) made a settlement with Sextus, and he was given command of a Roman fleet in 43 B.C. Later outlawed by the Romans, he seized Sicily and prevented grain ships from reaching Rome. He supported Antony, but in 40 B.C. came to a settlement with Octavian (later Augustus). Two years later Octavian accused Sextus of breaking their agreement and attacked him. Sextus defeated Octavian in 38 B.C. and again in 36 B.C. Later that year Sextus was crushed at Mylae and then at Naulochus. He fled to Asia Minor, where he was captured and killed.

See biography by M. Hadas (1930).

Propertius, Sextus, c.50 B.C.-c.16 B.C., Roman elegiac poet, b. Umbria. He was a member of the circle of Maecenas. A master of the Latin elegy, he wrote with vigor, passion, and sincerity.

See translations by C. Carrier (1963) and J. Warden (1972); studies by M. Platnauer (1951) and D. R. S. Bailey (1956).

(born 55/43, Assisi, Umbria—died after 16 BC, Rome) Roman poet. Very few details of his life are known. The first and best known of his four books of elegies (see elegy), Cynthia, was published in 29 BC, the year he met its heroine (his mistress, whose real name was Hostia). She emerges from his poems as beautiful, uninhibited, jealous, and irresistible. In Book II his main theme is still love, but he also contemplates writing an epic, is preoccupied with thoughts of death, and attacks the materialism of his time. Books III and IV demonstrate a bold command of language and various literary forms; among the subjects are Roman mythology and history.

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(born 55/43, Assisi, Umbria—died after 16 BC, Rome) Roman poet. Very few details of his life are known. The first and best known of his four books of elegies (see elegy), Cynthia, was published in 29 BC, the year he met its heroine (his mistress, whose real name was Hostia). She emerges from his poems as beautiful, uninhibited, jealous, and irresistible. In Book II his main theme is still love, but he also contemplates writing an epic, is preoccupied with thoughts of death, and attacks the materialism of his time. Books III and IV demonstrate a bold command of language and various literary forms; among the subjects are Roman mythology and history.

Learn more about Propertius, Sextus with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Sextus (abbreviated as Sex., the feminine form is Sexta, not to be confused with Sixtus) is a common ancient Roman praenomen. It probably means "sixth" (cf. Latin sextus, "sixth"). Parallel praenomina are Secundus, Tertius, Quintus, Septimus, and Decimus. These names do not necessarily denote the order in which their bearers were born.

Among those named Sextus are:

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