Her formal name and title is Somdej Phra Nang Chao Sirikit Phra Borommarachininat (th: สมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ พระบรมราชินีนาถ, Her Majesty Queen Regent Sirikit, ).
At the present, She also ranks Field Marshal, Admiral of the Fleet and Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force, usually called when mentioned in the law that: Chom Phon Ying Chom Phon Ruea Ying Chom Phon Akat Ying Somdet Phra Nang Chao Sirikit Phra Borommarachininat (th: จอมพลหญิง จอมพลเรือหญิง จอมพลอากาศหญิง สมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ พระบรมราชินีนาถ, Field Marshal, Admiral of the Fleet, Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force Her Majesty Queen Regent Sirikit). HM Queen Sirkit ceremonially holds the supreme power, after Her Husband who ranks the Head of the Royal Thai Armed Forces, among the Royal Thai Army.
HM Queen Sirikit was born at the house of General Chao Phraya Wongsanuprapat (Momrajawongse Staan Snidwongse), her maternal grandfather, in Bangkok and was educated at Saint Francis Xavier, a Catholic convent school. She had a younger sister, Momrajawongse Busba. During her childhood her father was successively Thai Ambassador to France, Denmark and the United Kingdom, and Momrajawongse Sirikit continued her education in these countries and in Switzerland.
Born as Mom Rajawongse Sirikit Kitiyakorn, she was the first daughter of Colonel Mom Chao Nakkhatra Mangkala Kitiyakorn (who was given the title Prince Chanthaburi Suranath after his daughter's marriage), a relative and close supporter of the Royal Family. Her mother was Mom Luang Bua Kitiyakorn (nee Mom Luang Bua Snidwongse). The title "Mom Rajawongse" indicates that she is a child of a Mom Chao (the most junior class of Thai princes) and thus descended from royalty. Her grandfather was HRH Prince Kitiyakorn Voralaksana, Prince of Chanthaburi, a son of King Rama V and an elder half-brother of HRH Prince Mahidol of Songkla, HM King Bhumibol's father, which makes her a first cousin once removed of her husband. Her name, granted by HM King Prajadhipok, means "the illustrious member of Kitiyakorn".
While studying in Switzerland, Mom Rajawongse Sirikit met HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who was then still a minor and also studying in Switzerland. When the HM King was injured in a motor accident and was in a hospital at Lausanne, Mom Rajawongse Sirikit was a frequent visitor. On July 19 1949, they were engaged in Lausanne. On March 1950, the King returned to Thailand to take up his royal duties. Mom Rajawongse Sirikit accompanied him and on April 28 the royal wedding took place at Pathumwan Palace.
The couple have four children:
One of the Queen's grandchildren, Bhumi Jensen (also known as Khun Poom), was killed in the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. He was the son of Princess Ubol Ratana and her American husband, Peter Ladd Jensen.
When the King undertook a period of service as a Buddhist monk in 1956 (as is customary for all Thai Buddhist males), HM Queen Sirikit became Regent. She performed her duties so satisfactorily that she was made "Somdej Phra Borommarachininat" (Queen Regent) and given the style of "Somdej Phra Nang Chao Sirikit Phra Borommarachininat".
HM Queen Sirikit's birthday, like the HM King's, is a national holiday, and is also Thailand's official Mothers' Day. She is particularly revered in the more remote and traditional parts of the country, where the monarchy is regarded as semi-divine. Her work in promoting tolerance and understanding for the Muslim minorities in the southernmost provinces of Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat have made her especially popular amongst the local Muslim populace. The Queen has a strong bond with the southern Thailand. She spends months in the Muslim majority provinces every year. This role of the Queen is considered as one of the quiet diplomacy.
HM Queen Sirikit is well-known for her charitable work. Her major formal involvement is as President of the Thai Red Cross, a post she has held since 1956. She gained new prominence in this role in the aftermath of the tsunami disaster in southern Thailand in December 2004. She has also been active in relief work for the many refugees from Cambodia and Burma who have sought refuge in Thailand.
Many things in Thailand have been named after HM Queen Sirikit:
The Queen is also actively promoting Thai culture and history. It was mainly because of her initiative that the Thai epos movie The Legend of Suriyothai was produced, making it the most lavish and expensive Thai movie ever made.
|1979||CERES Gold Medal||Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations|
|1985||Humanitarian Award||Asia Society|
|1986||Best Conservationist Certificate||World Wildlife Fund|
|1990||Immigration and Refugee Policy Award||The Center of Migration Studies|
|1991||International Humanitarian Award||Friends of the National Children's Museum, Washington D.C.|
|1992||Gold Medal for Outstanding Leadership||Asian Institute of Technology|
|1992||UNESCO Borobudur Gold Medal||United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization|
|1992||UNICEF Special Recognition Award||United Nations Children's Fund|
|1992||Award of Excellence||United Nations Development Fund for Women|
|1992||UNEP Gold Medal of Distinction||United Nations Environment Programme|
|1993||Woman of the Year 1993 Award||Stanford University|
|1995||1995 Lindbergh Award||The Lindbergh Foundation|
|2000||Merite de Invention||The Belgian Chamber of Inventors|
|2001||Special Prix||Bulgarian American Chamber of Commercial and Industry|
|2002||Louis Pasteur Award||International Sericultural Commission|
|2002||Award for Humanitarian Service||The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center|
|2004||IUCN Gold Medal||International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resouces|
|2005||Food Safety Award||World Health Organization|
|1957||Social Work||Thammasat University|
|1960||Public Health||Mahidol University|
|1961||Political Science||Chulalongkorn University|
|1962||Home Economics||Kasetsart University|
|1963||Humanities||Centro Escolar University (Philippines)|
|1965||Decorative Arts||Silpakorn University|
|1969||Agriculture||Khon Kaen University|
|1970||Psychology||Chiang Mai University|
|1970||Development Economics||National Institute of Development Administration|
|1981||Humane Letters||Tufts University (United States of America)|
|1983||Political Science||Thammasat University|
|1984||Industrial Design||Chulalongkorn University|
|1984||Home Economics||Sukhothai Thammathirat University|
|1989||Business Administration||Khon Kaen University|
|1990||Industrial Design||King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang|
|1990||Vocational Education Administration||King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang|
|1990||Public Health||Sukhothai Thammathirat University|
|1991||Finance||Khon Kaen University|
|1991||General Administration||Ramkhamhaeng University|
|1992||Technology of Environmental Management||Mahidol University|
|1992||Thai Arts||Silpakorn University|
|1993||Humane Letters||Georgetown University (United States of America)|
|1995||Humane Letters||John Hopkins University (United States of America)|
|1997||Philosophy||Tokai University (Japan)|
|2000||Thai Language||Thaksin University|
|2003||Visual Communication Design||Khon Kaen University|
|2004||Textile, Costume,Garment and Fashion Design||Thammasat University|
|2004||Social Development Management||Khon Kaen University|
|2004||Natural Resource Management||King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi|
|2004||Environmental Management||Prince of Songkla University|
|2005||Food Science||Kasetsart University|
|2006||Cultural Studies||Rajabhat Songkla University|
|2007||Eastern Languages and Cultures||University of Saint Petersburg (Russia)|