One of the first bands to appear were Restos de Nada (stands for rest of nothing) around 1978/1979. But it was only in the beginning of the 1980s that the scene grew, even with gangs of punks, specially in São Paulo city (and where "Restos de Nada" came from).
In the first half of the 1980s, a lot of bands appeared from these gangs in São Paulo, and became important, like Cólera, Olho Seco, Garotos Podres, Lobotomia, Mercenárias (an all woman band), Inocentes, Ratos de Porão. While in São Paulo, bands were closer to raw punk and hardcore, in the nation's capital, Brasília, punk rock bands were closer to new wave: those were bands like Aborto Elétrico, Legião Urbana, Capital Inicial and Plebe Rude.
In São Paulo, in the mid 1980s, violence among the punk gangs caused some bands to change their sound. Bands like Inocentes and Mercenárias took a more post punk direction, while Ratos de Porão and Lobotomia got influences from the thrash metal scene.
In the 1990s, along with the straight edge culture, punk and hardcore were reborn, specially in the São Paulo state, with big and influential underground names like No Violence, Safari Hamburguers, Abuso Sonoro, Point of No Return, Dominatrix, Calibre 12, Nitrominds and others. In other parts of Brazil, names like DFC and Raimundos from Brasília, Devotos do Ódio from Recife, Mukeka di Rato, Deltree and Dead Fish from Espirito Santo were also big. Different from the 1980s bands, most of these new 1990's bands had their lyrics sung in English.