is a French department
located in the Île-de-France region
. In local slang
, it is known as "l'neuf trois
" (i.e. "the nine three"), after the official administrative number of the department, 93.
The habitants are called Sequano-Dyonisians
Seine-Saint-Denis is located to the north-east of Paris
. It has a surface area of only 236 km², making it one of the smallest departments in France. Seine-Saint-Denis and two other small departments, Hauts-de-Seine
, form a ring around Paris
, known as the petite couronne
("little crown"). They form, together with four other departments, the region of Île-de-France
Seine-Saint-Denis is made up of 3 departmental arrondissements
and 40 communes
Seine-Saint-Denis was largely part of the Seine
department until 1964. It has a veritable history as a left-wing
stronghold, belonging to the ceinture rouge
. The French Communist Party
especially has maintained a continued strong presence in the department, and still controls the city councils in cities such as Saint-Denis
, and La Courneuve
. Seine-Saint-Denis is the only department where the Communist Party has a majority in the general council. A commune of Seine-Saint-Denis, Clichy-sous-Bois
, was the scene of the death of two youths which sparked the nationwide riots of autumn 2005
. In October - November, 9,000 cars were burned and 3,000 rioters were arrested.
Seine-Saint-Denis is the department with the highest population share of immigrants
: 21.7% at the 1999 census (see table below). This figure does not include the children of immigrants born on French soil as well as some native elites from former French colonies and people who came from overseas France
. The ratio of ethnic minorities is difficult to estimate accurately as French law prohibits the collection of ethnic data for census taking purposes. However estimates suggest there are 500,000 muslims out of a population of 1.2 million (Sequano-Dyonisians) . Saint Denis is also home to the Union of French Islamic Organizations (UOIF) in the Bourget district, which annually hosts one of Europe's major Muslim conferences, Paris-le-Bourget.
A number of hip hop artists come from "93", including one of the first hip hop stars in France, NTM
as well as more recent acts such as Tandem.
Seine-Saint-Denis was scheduled to be the site of a 2004 International Exhibition
. However this event was cancelled.