Security police may also refer to a security agency.
Security police fall into two broad categories:
In the United Kingdom in-house security guard forces with no police powers were often referred to as "security police" until the 1970s.
Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department
The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department employs Security Assistants (Security Officer I) and Security Officers (Security Officer II) who assist Deputy Sheriff's and the Los Angeles County Office of Public Safety Police in the protection of various county government facilities. Security Assistants are generally assigned to the Transit Services Bureau of the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department and serve as fare inspectors.
Security Assistants and Security Officers are also assigned to the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department Court Services Division in which they provide weapons screening and general security of the county's superior and municipal courts. Security Officers may also be assigned to the Community College Division in which they provide campus security to the county's community colleges. Additionally Security Officers may also be assigned to provide security at other county facilities. Sheriff's Security Officers are not required to possess a guard registration card, baton permit, or firearms permit, since they have completed POST training provided by the sheriff's department training bureau. Sheriff's Security Officers in compliance with applicable laws and regulations have limited peace officer powers while on duty.
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority Transit Security Officers are uniformed, non-sworn personnel who serve the MTA (Metro) in a wide variety of capacities, such as providing security for critical transportation infrastructure and internal revenue protection.
Transit Security Officers undergo a comprehensive selection process that is similar to that for sworn peace officers (including a background investigation identical to that for California peace officer candidates, as well as a psychological review and physical agility test), as well as a 600-hour internal training program, which includes completion of PC832 peace officer training at a local POST-approved police academy.
Many Transit Security Officers have advanced training to serve in specialized functions, such as that of a dispatcher, K-9 (explosives) handler, rangemaster, or armorer (whom services the department's Beretta 92FS pistols and Remington 870 shotguns). Furthermore, several officers represent the department in IPSC and USPSA competition through their officially sanctioned shooting team.
Due to a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, most Transit Security Officers are able to exercise limited PC830.6 peace officer powers while in the performance of their duties (per PC830.7).
Transit Security personnel often work in conjunction with deputies of the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Transit Services Bureau, which has been the exclusive contract provider of dedicated law enforcement services for Metro since 2003.
Orange County Sheriff's Department
Orange County Sheriff's Department's Special Officers assist the Orange County Deputy Sheriffs in different functions including policing for the county's mass transit system, civil bailiffs, as well as custody officers, and airport police. The main difference is that the Orange County Special Officer's have more training than the previously mentioned. They are required to attend a police academy which is about half the length of the entire police academy whose completion is required to become a police officer. Additionally the previously mentioned are unsworn staff while Orange County Special Officers are sworn staff.
California law is less clear with respect to persons working for public agencies as security officers. If these persons have completed POST-certified training in accordance with PC 832 or other PC sections, they may be exempt from BSIS regulation. Officers in doubt should consult with agency legal counsel and/or the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services in Sacramento. All sheriff's security officers, MTA security officers, and other such officers such as general services public safety officers do not fall under BSIS and are all exempt from possessing a guard registration, firearms permit, or baton certification. However, PC832 is not accepted by BSIS as a substitute for BSIS certification while working security in the private sector.
In Japan, Security Police, also known as "SP" are law enforcement officers that provide security for domestic and foreign dignitaries. Their role to dignitary protection is similar to that of the United States Secret Service and Diplomatic Security Service.