List of fictional robots and androids

This list of fictional robots and androids is a chronological list, categorised by medium. It includes all depictions of robots, androids and gynoids in literature, television, and cinema; however, robots that have appeared in more than one form of media are not necessarily listed in each of those media. This list is intended for all fictional computers which are described as existing in a humanlike or mobile form. It shows how the concept has developed in the human imagination through history.

See also the List of fictional computers for all fictional computers depicted as static machines.


See also mechanical automata produced for entertainment in the eighteenth century.


19th century and earlier

  • The woman forged out of gold in Finnish myth The Kalevala (prehistoric folklore)
  • From 600 BC onward legends of talking bronze and clay statues coming to life have been a regular occurrence in the works of classical authors such as: Homer, Plato, Pindar, Tacitus, and Pliny. In Book 18 of the Iliad, Hephaestus the god of all mechanical arts, was assisted by two moving female statues made from gold - "living young damsels, filled with minds and wisdoms". Another legend has Hephaestus being commanded by Zeus to create the first woman, Pandora, out of clay. The myth of Pygmalion, king of Cyprus, tells of a lonely man who sculpted his ideal woman from ivory, Galatea, and then promptly fell in love with her after the goddess Aphrodite brings her to life.
  • The bronze giant Talos, in Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonautica
  • The legend of the Golem, an animated man of clay, mentioned in the Talmud. (16th century)
  • Olimpia in E.T.A. Hoffmann's Der Sandmann (1814)
  • In Léo Delibes' ballet Coppélia (1870) where it is the eponymous dancing doll
  • A mechanical man powered by steam in Edward S. Ellis' The Steam Man of the Prairies (1865)
  • A mechanical man run by electricity in Luis Senarens' Frank Reade and his Electric Man (1885)
  • Hadaly, a mechanical woman run by electricity, in Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam's Tomorrow's Eve (1886) -- the novel credited with popularizing the word "android"
  • The Brazen Android, by William Douglas O'Connor. First appeared in The Atlantic Monthly, April 1891.
  • The Automatic Maid-of-All-Work. A possible Tale of the Near Future, by M.L. Campbell. First appeared in the Canadian Magazine, July 1893. A man named John Matheson invents a mechanical maid-of-all-work fueled by an electric battery, who requires programming in the form of switching its electronic wires to perform different tasks

Early 1900s


  • Artificial people, in Karel Čapek's R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) (1921) -- credited with coining the term "robot"
  • Le Singe (The Monkey) (1925), by Maurice Renard and Albert Jean, a process of creating syntethic humans is invented
  • The Metal Giants (1926), by Edmond Hamilton, where a computer brain who runs on atomic power creates an army of 300-foot-tall robots.
  • Metropolis is a silent science fiction film created by the famed Austrian-German director Fritz Lang which features a robotic gynoid ((gynoid -from Greek γυνη, gynē - woman) is a term used to describe a robot designed to look like a human female, as compared to an android modeled after a male) which is given the appearance of Maria, a character in the movie.
  • Automata (1929), by S. Fowler Wright, about machines doing the humans' jobs before wiping them out.


1940s (and Isaac Asimov specifically)

1950s and 60s


  • Personoids - Personoids do not need any human-like physical body; they are rather an abstraction of functions of human mind, they live in computers - in Stanisław Lem's book Próżnia Doskonała (1971). It is a collection of book reviews of nonexistent books. Translated into English by Michael Kandel as A Perfect Vacuum (1983).
  • The masculine plot to replace women with perfect looking, obedient robot replicas -- The Stepford Wives (1972) by Ira Levin
  • HARLIE in When H.A.R.L.I.E. was One by David Gerrold (1972)
  • Setaur, Aniel, and Terminus in Tales of Pirx the Pilot by Stanisław Lem (1973)
  • In the 1973 movie Westworld, both male and female androids populate a resort where the guests' every dream and sexual fantasy can be made to come true. Yul Bryner famously portrays a western gunfighter android.
  • Marvin the Paranoid Android in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (1978–1981) (originally a radio series, then a book trilogy and a TV series, and later a motion picture)




1930s and earlier







Television films and series

1960s and earlier

  • The November 13, 1959 episode of The Twilight Zone was titled The Lonely and deals with James Corry, a convicted murderer sentenced to 50 years solitary life on a barren desert planet. Allenby, the captain of the rocket which delivers supplies once each year, takes pity on Corry, and leaves him with a gynoid named Alicia who is indistinguishable from a live woman.
  • Andromeda in A for Andromeda (1961)
  • Rosie the Maid, Max and UniBlab in The Jetsons (1962)
  • Robert the Robot, the transparent mechanical spaceship co-pilot in the Fireball XL5 British puppet television series created by Gerry Anderson (1962)
  • Various unnamed robots in the series Space Patrol (1962) (known as Planet Patrol in the US)
  • K-9, Kamelion, the Movellans, and many more, in the British Doctor Who series (1963–2005) (See also List of Doctor Who robots)
  • Braman, built by Brains in the British marionnettes series Thunderbirds, appears in several episodes (1964-1965)
  • Astro Boy from Astro Boy the Japanese animated series (1963–1966)
  • Rhoda Miller in My Living Doll (1964)
  • The Cybernauts in The Avengers (TV series) (1965)
  • Robot B-9 in Lost in Space TV series (1965–1968)
  • Hymie the Robot in the comedy series Get Smart (1965–1970)
  • Rosie the Robot Maid is a robotic maid who worked for the fictional Jetson family on the animated series of the same name. She was an old obsolete model who was rescued from the scrap heap by Jane Jetson. (1962)
  • Uniblab is a robot featured in an episode of the animated series The Jetsons, purchased by Mr. Spacely to manage his company, Spacely Sprockets. He resembles classic human managers by mistreating and informing on employees (specifically George Jetson) and playing up to the boss. (1962)
  • Various minor characters and villains (Dr. Korby, Rayna, the Nomad probe, Mudd's androids) in Star Trek (1966–1969)
  • Serendipity Dog - a robot character that asked questions on the BBC children's television science series Tom Tom (1960?-1969)
  • Slim John, from the BBC television series. (1969)
  • Tobor The 8th Man in the Japanese anime TV series. Also, his older, stronger, but less sophisticated sister Samantha 7. See


  • S.A.M. (Sesame Street) the robot from Sesame Street
  • Voltes V, Japanese animated television series (1977)
  • Zed, the rebel robot in The Ed and Zed Show (c1970)
  • Questor, The Questor Tapes (1974)
  • Mr. R.I.N.G. Kolchak: The Night Stalker (1975) Acronym stands for Robomatic Internalized Nerve Ganglia
  • Fi and Fum, the time-travelling androids from the children's series The Lost Saucer. (1975 - 1976)
  • IQ-9 of Star Blazers, originally called Analyzer in Space Battleship Yamato]
  • Yo-Yo, aka Geogory Yoyonovitch, Holmes and Yo-Yo (1976)
  • Officer Haven in [Future Cop] (1976-77)
  • The Clinkers, Shields and Yarnell (1977-78)
  • K-9, the talking robotic dog (actually, dogs) from the British television series Doctor Who.
  • Peepo, the robot from the children's series Space Academy (1977-1979)
  • Haro, Mobile Suit Gundam (1977)
  • 7-Zark-7 and 1-Rover-1 in the animated series Battle of the Planets (1978)
  • The Cylons in Battlestar Galactica (1978–1980) (in the novelizations, Cylons were simply humanoid aliens wearing mechanical armor)
  • Hector and Vector in Battlestar Galactica
  • H.E.R.B.I.E. in the 1978 Fantastic Four animated series
  • Mermadon from the TV series Salvage 1, Government constructed android that was damaged and was suffering from a type of amnesia, when a firearm was shown to Mermadon, he reverted to battle mode, in which, a laser gun flipped out of his chest and mesh shield covered his eyes. When the government tracked him down to the Salvage 1 headquarters, Mermadon went into battle mode with full memory, when the Salvage 1 crew covered his eyes with a cloth, Mermadon's memory was returned, but his time with the Salvage 1 crew developed a conscience and did not want to go back with the government and he subsequently pulled out vital circuits from his body and shut himself down permanently. (1979)
  • Twiki and Dr. Theopolis in Buck Rogers in the 25th Century (1979)
  • W1k1 or Wiki, the pocket-sized robot from the children's series Jason of Star Command (1979-1981) (a seeming spinoff of Space Academy)
  • Blake's 7, science fiction series 1978-81, featured several robots and androids.
  • In The Bionic Woman, the Fembots were a line of powerful life-like gynoids that Jaime Sommers fought in two multi-part episodes of the series: "Kill Oscar" (with help from Steve Austin) and "Fembots in Las Vegas". Despite the feminine prefix, there were also male versions, including some designed to impersonate particular individuals for the purpose of infiltration. While not truly artificially intelligent, the fembots still had extremely sophisticated programming that allowed them to pass for human in most situations.





Comic Books/Graphic novels




  • Robo-cops from Incal (by Moebius & Jodorowsky)
  • Robots from planet Des from polish series "Gods from The Space", written by Arnold Mostowicz and Alfred Górny and illustrated by Bogusław Polch.
  • Otomox, the self-proclaimed "Robot Master

South American

Manga (Japanese comics)

Comic strips

  • Robotman in the comic strip of the same name, which eventually became "Monty". Robotman left the strip and found happiness with his girlfriend Robota on another planet.

Web comics

Web based media

  • Stella 4D, aka Manager 45, on GO Moonbase, first appears in episode 26

Animated shorts/series


  • Rya Botkins and June Crane of Matt Wilson's Bonus Stage (though Crane's status is disputed, as she has claimed to be human)
  • The Grape Nuts Robot, Created by Bubs to imitate Strong Bad from Homestar Runner Appears here
  • Schniz, Fulker, CPDoom, and various background characters from Andrew Kauervane's My God, Robots!


  • Lopez, Church, and Tex - characters from the Rooster Teeth machinima Red vs. Blue. Only Lopez is a true artificial lifeform, as both Church and Tex exist only as ghosts. Both characters died during the course of the series, existing from that point onward as ghosts. They possess mechanical bodies similar to Lopez, however.

Computer and video games

Unsorted works

  • Harry Harrison / Marvin Minsky: The Turing Option (novel)
  • Solace in the Callahan's Place stories of Spider Robinson
  • Haro, mascot character of U.C.Gundam.
  • Sy Borg from Frank Zappa's Joe's Garage.
  • Fetchers, accident prone and apologetic gopher robots from the BBC radio series Nineteen Ninety-Four by William Osborne and Richard Turner.
  • Shawabty The idea of something to do the work in the ancient Egypt
  • Necrons from the WARHAMMER 40K table top game/hobby
  • Rick and his Robot (One of the four pillar of Elephant in the Snake)


See also

External links

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