Definitions

score

score

[skawr, skohr]
score, in musical notation, manuscript or printed music in which the various parts are placed one above the other so that notes that are to be played simultaneously are in vertical alignment. Early polyphony was notated in score until the early 13th cent., when choir books, in which the parts were written out separately one after another, came into use. Part books, with a separate book for each part, were employed in the 16th and 17th cent. With the rise of opera music around the beginning of the 17th cent., the modern score came into being, with bar lines scored from top to bottom through all the staffs. A full score is one such as an orchestral conductor uses, in which each part is on a separate staff, while in a condensed score two or more parts are written on a single staff. Full scores are also printed in miniature pocket editions. In a vocal score or piano-vocal score of an opera or a choral work, the vocal parts are written out in full but the accompaniment is reduced to two staffs.

In music, the parts of all the instruments or singers of an ensemble notated with simultaneous sounds aligned vertically, on a system of parallel staffs arranged one above another. Polyphonic (multivoiced) music was being composed for some 600 years before the score came into regular use in the 16th–17th centuries. Early examples of scores exist for works of the Notre-Dame school, and early composers may have used temporary scores during composition, perhaps on chalkboards, from which the parts for individual singers were then copied.

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Score may refer to:

Numbers and statistics

  • Score (game), a number of points achieved in a sporting event or game.
  • a unit of twenty, as in Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.
  • Score (statistics), the derivative, with respect to some parameter θ, of the logarithm of the likelihood function.
  • Raw score, an original datum that has not been transformed.
  • Standard score, a dimensionless quantity derived from the raw score.
  • Baseball scoring, a shorthand method of keeping track of statistics in a baseball game.

Economics

Arts and crafts

  • Musical score, a set of instructions giving the overall picture of a composition
  • Dance score, a set of choreographic instructions expressed in a dance notation.
  • SCORE notation program, a music scorewriter
  • Film score, a sound recording of the music in a film
  • Score (album), the live CD/DVD by progressive metal band Dream Theater
  • Score (film), a 1972 sexplotaition film
  • The Score (film), a 2001 heist film starring Robert De Niro and Edward Norton
  • Score, a UK-based football comic, originally Score and Roar, published in 1970, merged with rival comic Scorcher in 1971
  • A method used to join two pieces of pottery, each side is scored (scratched) and then pressed together
  • A method of weakening paper or other thin sheets of materials prior to cutting, tearing or bending, by scratching a line along the area where the separation is to occur.
  • I Like to Score, an album by Moby, punning on the sexual, drug related, and film music uses of the word

Media

Figurative uses

Organisations

Various

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